• Cuba‘s leader does not have an official residence.
• Drowning Street No. 10 is located at Westminster (England). It is famous for the official
residence of the British Prime Minister. It was named after Sir George Drowning, a diplomat
under Cromwell and King Charles II.
• Elgin Street is located in Scotland. It is the world‘s shortest street.
• Young Street is located in Toronto (Canada). It is the longest street in the world.
• Broadway (USA) is famous for various theaters and cinema halls. It is regarded as biggest
street in the world.
• The busiest shopping centre of London is Oxford Street.
• Orange is the name of river of South Africa
• Churchill water fall is present in: Canada
• Sigmund Freud is a psychiatrist, who belonged to Austria
• George Washington was succeeded by John Adams
• Le Harve is the seaport of France
• Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan did his Ph.D. from Leaven University of Belgium
• Kafir Fort is located in the province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
• The largest gold producing country in the world is China
• The foreign phrase Coup d‘dessai means A first attempt
• In which Indian state is the Sun Temple of Konark located? Orissa
• Which is the longest Shipping canal of the world? Beloye-More
• What day is observed internationally on 5 October? Teachers day
• The Japanese Prime Minister at the time of World War II was: Hideki Tojo
• Which Sea has no coastline? Sargasso Sea
• What is a Stripka? Mountain Pass of Bulgaria
• Which city is called ―City of Parks‖? Kiev
• ‗Island of Cloves‘ is the nickname of: Madagascar
• Synagogue is place of worship of which religion? Judaism
• The Himalayan mountain system belongs to which of the following? Fold mountains
• Pakistan mainly import edible oil from Malaysia
• The first Winter Olympic Games were held at Chamonix (France)
• Bangladesh is the first Asian country who has ratified Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
• ―Chechnya‖ is located in South Caucasus.
• ―Contraband‖ means all smuggled material.
• During the period of one unit, Mushtaq Ahmad Gormani was the first Governor of West
Pakistan and Amiruddin Ahmad was the first Governor of East Pakistan.
• At the time of partition of India, the biggest princely state by area was Hyderabad
• ―Feminism‖ is a belief that women‘s subordination to men should end.
• The Eastern Mediterranean Island ―Cyprus‖ is divided between Turkey and Greece.
• ―Apartheid‖ means racial segregation.
• ―Bullet Vote‖ is a ballet in which electors confine their interest to a single issue or
• The range of Hatf-1 missile is 100 kilometers.
• ―Asia Watch‖ is a Human rights organization.
• Abul Qasim Al Zahrawi was the greatest Muslim surgeon.
• ―NASDA‖ is a space agency of USA.
• ―Taiwan‖ was separate from China in 1949.
• ―Pristina‖ is the capital of Kossovo.
―Akmola‖ is the capital of Kazakhistan.
• ―Nagorno karabakh‖ is a disputed territory between Armenia and Azerbaijan.
• ―Grand Prix‖ means a great work.
• ―Hung Parliament‖ is a parliament in which no one party has overall majority.
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• ―Guided Democracy‖ convey the meaning of a democracy at the grassroots level.
• ―San Tiago‖ is the capital of Chile.
• The total area of Azad Kashmir is 13,297 Sq km.
• ―Black Gold‖ is also name for Oil.
• ―Free Town‖ is the capital of Sierra Leone.
• Ghauri-1 is a medium range missile.
• ―Gota canal‖ is the ship canal situated in Sweden.
• ―Tugela water fall‖ is present in South Africa.
• What name is given to inflammation of one or more joints, causing pain, swelling and
restriction of movement? Arthritis
• In which country is the volcano Mount Aso? Japan
• Which international environmental pressure group was founded in 1971? Greenpeace
• Official religion of Japan is Shintoism.
• When East Pakistan separated from West Pakistan? 16th December 1971
• After how many years did Pakistan get her first constitution? 9 years
• When first constitution of Pakistan was enforced? 23rd March 1956
• In which constitution Bicameral Legislature was provided for the first time? 1973
• Drama kis zaban ka lafaz hai?Lateeni
• Hazrat Sulaiman (A.S) ki hum asar Malkah Sa’ba ka asal naam kia tha? Balqees
• Agro based industry is? poultry, fishery, livestock
• In which sea Cyprus present? Mediterranean Sea
• Where Darwin port is located Australia.
• ―Ping pong‖ is the name of which game? Table Tennis
• In which sura the orders of zakat described? Sura Tuba
• Who is the writer of kitabul khiraj? Imam Abu Yusuf
• When zakat ordinance promulgated? 20 June 1980
• What meant of D-Day? Day upon which some significant event will occur or has occurred
• Fatima Jinnah Joined AIML in 1937.
• Who prepared Pirpur report? Raja Syed Mehdi (1938)
• When water accord between provinces? 1991
• Where Rawal dam constructed on river kurrang.
―Bala Hisar fort built by Babar.
• Who adminsitrated the oath of Prime minister to liaqat ali khan Muhamad ali Jinnah.
• Where copper deposits in Chagi.
• Where is Chandka Medical College in Larkana.
• Where are artificial forest are bieng maintained in Changa Manga,
• Which is Pakistan’s 2nd largest foreign exchange earner crop is Rice.
• C R formula prepared by Rajagopalachari.
• IPP stang for Independent Power producer.
• Mast Tawakli was poet of Balochi language
• Pakistan joined ILO on September 14, 1947.
• ―Mogadishu‖ is the capital of Somalia.
• Baba Farid is a 1st Punjabi poet.
• ―Ringitt‖ is the currency of Malaysia.
• Decimal system introduced in Pakistan on 1st January 1961.
• Turkmanistan is the largest natural gas producer among Muslim countries.
• Pentagon is a defence head office of USA.
• Gorbachev was the president of USSR.
• ―Tahirah‖ khatab was given to Khadija (RA).
• ―Lionel Messi‖ is a famous football player of Argentina.
• Who was called Sword of Allah? Khalid bin Walid
• Obama was awarded with Noble Prize for peace in 2009.
• Fourteen Points was presented by Jinah on 28 March 1929.
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• Hiyat-e-Javeed was written by Altaf Hussain Hali.
• Hazrat Adam (AS) built the Khana kaaba for the first time.
• Name of Governor General after Nazim-ud-Din? Ghulam Muhammad.
• Istanmbol city lies in two continents.
• Vatican City and Lesotho are the countries that are located inside a country.
• Boxing Day in Austrailia 26 December.
• In which surah mention that “Islam is the Complete Releigion”? Al-Maeda
• After Nile, Amazon is the second longest river of the world.
• ―Pyrenees‖ is a range of mountains in southwest Europe that forms a natural border
between France and Spain. It separates the Iberian Peninsula from the rest of continental
• ―Three Gorges Dam‖ is name of world‘s largest dam constructed in China?
• ―Khaki Shadows‖ book was written by K.M. Arif.
• ―Fort William College‖ was established at Calcutta (1600).
• Kingdom of Khwarzim was destroyed in 1218-20 AD by Changaiz Khan.
• ―Junko Taibei‖ was the first woman to climb Everest.
• Sardar Atta ullah Mengal was the first Chief Minister of Balochistan from May 1972 to
February 1973.
• The Magna Carta was signed by King John on 15th June 1215.
• The first Pakistani Postal stamp was issued in July 1948.
• The European Union was established with its headquarters at Brussels in1957.
• ―Ormara‖ is a port city (fishing harbor) located in the Makran or coastal region of
Balochistan Province in Pakistan.
• ―Truancy‖ means One who is absent without permission, especially from school.
• Buddhist emperor Ashoka belonged to Mauryan Dynasty.
• ―Crimean peninsula‖ lies between the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov.
• Liverpool is situated on bank of river Mersey.
• Hamburg is situated on bank of river Elbe.
• Helvetia is the old name of Switzerland.
• Kashf-al-Mahjoob was written by Hazrat Ali Hajveri.
• Roman Empire was established in 27 B.C. by Octavian.
• The temperate grasslands of Asia and Europe are known as Steppes.
• ―Ex-officio‖ means In virtue of one‘s office.
• In 1954 USA launched her first Atomic Submarine Nautilus.
• Pakistan‘s first expedition land on Antarctica? On January 15, 1991.
• First Provincial elections after establishment of Pakistan were held in1951.
• First edition of Asar-us-Sanadid appeared in1846 by Sir Syed Ahmad Khan.
• Sir Syed Ahmad Khan became Chief Judge In1846.
• Headquarters of World Economic Forum is situated in Davos.
• The largest number of women representatives is in the parliament of Denmark.
• Z.A.Bhutto wrote the book ―Great Tragedy‖.
• Third Afghan War, Afghanistan gained its independence in 1921.
• Afghanistan gained its independence in 1921 under the leadership of Aman ul Allah.
• The foreign phrase Coup d‘etat means Illegal.
• Central Asia became the part of Muslim Empire during the reign of Waleed I.
• Census is made after once in a decade.
• IAEA and OPEC hearquarter is situated at Viena.
• Al-Azhar University is situated in Egypt.
• Third world countries are called backward countires.
• ―Alumni‖ means a male graduate or former student of a school, college, or university.
• Who was called the brain of Arab Hazrat Amr bin-al-Ass(RA).
• Last Khutba was dilivered by Prophet (PBUH) on mountain of Safa.
• Blue and White Nile met at Khartum (Sudan).
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• Lisbon is the capital of Portugal.
• Approximatly 7000 languages are spoken in the world.
• Six billion species of living things are discovered up to date.
• ILO came into existence under the treaty of Versailles after World War 1 in 1919.
• 1st May is observed all over the world as labour day in honor of working people of
• Mother tongue of Quaid-e-Azam was Gujrati and the professional qualification of Quaid-eAzam was Bar at Law.
• Sir Sikindar Hayat was Chief Minister of Punjab in 1937
• Jean-Jacques Rousseau is the father of the French Revolution.The French Revolution
(1789–1799), was a period of radical social and political upheaval in France that had a
major impact on France and indeed all of Europe. The absolute monarchy that had ruled
France for centuries collapsed in three years.
• ―Rabita al-Alam al-Islami‖ Muslim organization was founded in 1962.
• The University of Al-Karaouine is the oldest university of the world located in Morocco.
• General Ayub khan is the first elected President and Z.A Bhutto is the first elected PM of
• Hussain Shaheed Suharwardi was the first Pakistani Prime Minister, who visited in china.
• ‗Ottawa convention 1997‘ is related to Environment protection.
• The Leaning Tower (Pisa Tower) is located in Rome (Italy).
• Richard Nixon was only President of USA who resigned from his post because of
―Watergate‖ scandal on 9 August, 1974.
• Next Football World Cup will be played in 2014 in Brazil.
• Noble Prize was first awarded? 1901
• ‗Tsunami‘ means ‗Harbour Waves‘; the word is derived from Japanese.
• Which country‘s flag is known as Union Jack?UK
• The term ‗16 yards hit‘ is associated with Hockey.
• Who is the founder of Wikipedia?Jimmy Wales
• Sardar Abdul Qayyum Khan presented ‗Chenab Formula‘ to resolve the Kashmir dispute.
• Dalhousie introduced the principle of the Doctrine of Lapse.
• Dome of Rock is located in Jerusalem.
• Greenwich Mean Time was established at London in 1884.
• The Bolshevik Revolution is associated with Russia.
• ―Garuda‖ airline is the name of airline of Indonesia.
• Habib Bank provided 80 million loans for making 1st budget of Pakistan.
• Headquarters of the Amnesty International is located in London.
• The 2012 Olympic Games are scheduled to be held at London.
• Sher Shah‘s real name was Farid Khan.
• Pakistan won gold medal for the first time in Olympics 1960.
• ‗Latakia‘ is the seaport of Syria.
• The Declaration of Independence of the American Colonies was adopted by the
Constitutional Congress on July 4, 1776 at Philadelphia.
• Mahan Airline belongs to Iran.
• Which American industrialist was praised by Adlof Hitler in his autobiography, Mein
Kampf? In fact, he was the only American to be praised by Hitler? Henry Ford
• Pakistan‘s first Constituent Assembly constituted on July 20, 1947.
• Saddat Dynasty was founded by Khizar Khan in 1414.
• Who advocated the theory of laissez faire? Adam Smith
• Senate of Pakistan is consisting of 104 members after the 18th amendment.
• ‗TRIPITIKA‘ is a sacred book of Buddhists.
• Which is the longest river of America? Mississippi
• Hitler party which came into power in 1933 is known as Nazi Party.
• Epsom (England) is the place associated with Horse racing
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• Guarantee to an exporter that the importer of his goods will pay immediately for the
goods ordered by him, is known as Letter of Credit (L/C)
• First Afghan War took place in 1839.
• Gulf cooperation council was originally formed by Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi
Arabia and United Arab Emirates
• Dumping is — selling of goods abroad at a price well below the production cost at the
home market price ; the process by which the supply of a manufacture’s product remains
low in the domestic market, which batches him better price ; prohibited by regulations of
• Habeas Corpus Act 1679 — states that no one was to be imprisoned without a writ or
warrant stating the charge against him ; provided facilities to a prisoner to obtain either
speedy trial or release in bail ; safeguarded the personal liberties of the people against
arbitrary imprisonment by the king’s orders
• Each year World Red Cross and Red Crescent Day is celebrated on May 8
• Fire temple is the place of worship of Zoroastrianism (Parsi Religion).
• Durand Cup is associated moon is a velocity to get rid of the Earth’s gravitational pull For
safety with the game of Football
• First International Peace Congress was held in London in 1843 AD
• Dr. Zakir Hussain was the first Muslim president of India
• Hockey was introduced in the Asian Games in1958 in Tokyo
• ESCAP stands for Economic and Social Commission for Asia and Pacific
• During the first crusade, crusaders reached Jerusalem and captured it in 1099 AD
• Dr. Linus Carl Pauling is the only person to have won two Nobel prizes individually for
Chemistry in 1954, Peace Prize in 1962
• Free market is market where the price of a commodity is determined by free play of the
forces of supply and demand
• ICAO stands for International Civil Aviation Organization
• Which country makes the Entac Missiles: France
• The ‗Great Leap Forward‘ was:Chinese Economic Programme
• What is the actual name of F-16:Fighting Falcon
• The constitution of European Union has not been ratified by:France
• In which month does the U.N. General Assembly usually meet every year of? Third
Tuesday of September.
• Which of the following Internet Search Engines will introduce the World‘s biggest digital
Library? Google(head office in Newyork)
• Under ―Vision 2025‖ WAPDA will construct SATPARA Dam on Indus river in:Northern Areas
• The Headquarters of the UN Security Council is located at:New York
• Petronas towers are located in Kuala Lumpur.
• The number of players in each team of basketball game is:5
• Mahbub-ul-Haq Human Development Center is located at:Islamabad
• Maple leaf is the National emblem of:Canada
• India has constructed ‗Baglihar Dam‘ in occupied Kashmir‘s district of oda
• ‗Hamas‘ was founded in 1987 by:it was founded by Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, Abdel Aziz alRantissiand Mohammad Taha
• Which of the following regions of Balochistan will be irrigated through Kachi Canal
• India is constructing Kishanganda Dam in Baramula.
• Who united all the Sikhs and founded a kingdom in the Punjab? Ranjit Singh
• How many members were nominated by Muslim League for the Interim-Government in
1946? 5
• Fraizi Movement was started by Haji Shariat Ullah in Bangal in 1828
• When was the first agreement signed on Siachen glacier? 1949
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• What were the key issues for discussion in the 2nd Round Table Conference? Issue of
Federation and minorities in the Sub-Continent
• Which religious scholar tried to eradicate different innovations from the religion? Haji
Shariat Ullah
• When did the British Government Issue White Paper on Constitutional Proposals? In
March, 1933
• When President Zia-ul-Haq enforced an interim constitution? 1981
• What is the old name of Pakpatan? Ajudhan
• Who is the founder of Unionist Party? Sir Fazal Hussain
• On which river Merani Dam is built? Dasht River
• When was the Qisas and Diyat ordinance enforced in Pakistan? October 13, 1990
• Who said that Cripps Mission was a post-dated cheque of a crashing bank? Mahatma
• Rakaposhi mountain peak is located near? Swat Valley
• Why did All India Muslim League boycott the first session of Constituent Assembly?
Because Congress wanted to frame the constitution for
• The North Western areas are Muslim majority areas. We will not only keep these
majorities but will turn them into a Muslim state. Muslims should get rid of Indianism, it is
better for Muslims and Islam" who said this statement? Chaudhry Rehmat Ali
• Name the poet who had command over seven languages? Sachal Sarmast
• The reign of which of the following Sultans is said to mark the highest point of territorial
expansion of the Sultanate. Muhammad bin Taghluq
• What was the main reason behind Muslim League Failure in the Elections of 1937? The
organizational problems and opposition by local
• The first successful evening paper from Lahore is Sahafat.
• Lord Harding was the author of ‗My India Years‘.
• Treaty of Lausane was signed in 1923.
• The book ‗verdict on India‘ was written by Beverlay Nickolas.
• The founder of Two Nations Theory is considered to be Sir Syed Ahmad Khan.
• During the Tashkent Agreement the Foreign Minister of Pakistan was Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto.
• Chachnama was originally written in Sindhi.
• Friday was declared for the first time as an official weekly holiday by: Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
• Neelum River flows into Jehlum.
• Gilgit Agency was set up in 1873.
• Satpara Lake is located near Skardu.
• Mahabat khan Mosque was destroyed by? fire
• What is the ranking of Thar Desert in the world? 9
• What was the main difficulty which delayed the constitution making in Pakistan? The
distribution of powers between Federal and Provincial Governments
• Identify the importance of the Lahore Resolution of the Muslim League passed in 1940? It
had the support of the entire Muslim Country
• Liaquat – Nehru pact was announced at Delhi in April 1950.
• Muhammad Ali Bogra formula was put forward in October 1953.
• Area around the river is known as Bela.
• Cease-fire line case into existence in 1949.
• Pakistan established its first Atomic Energy Institute on January, 1955.
• Pakistan was declared as great ally of Non NATO in 2003.
• Shaikh ismail the saint, who first came in Lahore.
• When was the local govt.system under the devolution of power plan, 2001, inaugurated?
aug 14,2001
• When Pakistan got first loan from USA? 1952
• In which year Quaid-e-Azam went into self-exile in London? 1931
• Gandhi called Pakistan Resolution a Moral wrong.
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• How many Mughal emperors ruled over sub-continent? 17
• Who is the author of “Hunter par Hunter”? Maulana Zafar Ali khan
• The Indian forces occupy the state of Jammu and Kashmir on Oct. 27, 1947
• Defence Pact between USA and Pakistan? April, 1954
• ―A New History of Indo-Pakistan‖ is written by K. Ali
• Quaid-e-Azam became the permanent president of Muslim League 1934
• The Cabinet Mission announced their plan on 16th May 1946
• Dutch East Indies is the old name of Indonesia.
• Which US state has the sugar maple as its state tree and is the leading US producer of
maple sugar? Vermont.
• Apart from French, German and Romansch, what is the fourth official language of the
Switzerland? Italian.
• In which city was the world‘s first underground train was service opened in 1863? London.
• How many pairs of ribs are there in the human body? 12.
• What is the main port of Italy? Genoa.
• In which state is Harvard University? New Jersey.
• Which city was the first capital of the Kingdom of Italy until 1865? Turin.
• Which country is separated form Ethiopia (Abyssinia is it‘s old name) by the Red Sea?
• ―Mount Logan‖ is the highest peak in Canada.
• What is measured by an ammeter? Electric current.
• The doctrine of ―Wahdatul-Wajood‖ was presented by Ibn-e- Arabi.
• Before Referendum Sylhet was the part of Assam.
• Banks were nationalized in Pakistan 1974.
• Where is Kallar Kahar situated? Chakwal
• When Pakistan introduced National Identity cards (NIC)? 1974
• Which language is prominent in Hazara division? Hindko
• The northern part of which country is called Oesling? Luxembourg.
• Napier is a city in which country? New Zealand.
• What is the Hook of Holland? A port in the southeast Netherlands,
• The river Douro forms part of the border between which two countries? Spain and
• In which country is the Great Slave Lake? Canada.
• ―Brussels‖ is the headquarters of European Economic Community.
• Anjuman-i-Hamayat-Islam was established in subcontinent 1884 and Khalifa Hamid-udDin is the first president.
• Colorado river forms the Grand Canyon in the United States.
• England‘s greatest poet and dramatist whose 450th birth anniversary will be celebrated
throughout the world in 2014 is William Shakespeare.
• Woodrow Wilson was the President of USA during World War I.
• Hahn Otto is the German scientist who invented the atom bomb.
• Qutubuddin Aibak laid the foundation of the first independent Turkish kingdom in India in
• ―Rohtas Fort‖ was constructed on the bank river of Jhelum by (on Sher Shah‘s order)
Todar Mal.
• Hazara division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province comprises five districtd including
abbottabad, Batagram, Kohistan, Mansehra and Haripur.
• The foundation stone of the sikhism‘s holiest place ―Golden Tample‖ at Amritsar was laid
by Hazrat Mian Mir.
• ―Baburnama‖ (alternatively known as Tuzk-e Babri) is the name given to the memoirs of
Babur (1483-1530), founder of the Mughal Empire and a great-great-great-grandson of
Timur. It is an autobiographical work, originally written in the Chagatai language.
• Which of the following countries is the world’s largest emitter of Carbon Dioxide in the
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atmosphere? China
• Syed Abul Ala Maududi is the first Editor-in-Chief of the magazine ‗Tarjuman-ul-Quran‘.
• The Winter Olympic Games came into being in 1924.
• Road safety day is observed on 3rd June.
• Monsoon season in Pakistan starts in July and end in September.
• Headquarter of United Nations Fund for Population Activities (established in1967) is
located in New York.
• The river Danube rises in which country? Germany.
• The UK is the world‘s largest tea importer country. (Pakistan is the second largest; Sri
Lanka is the largest tea exporter and India is the largest tea producer country in the world).
• The district of the country having lowest population density is Kharan (with a population
density of only 4 ppl/km2, Awaran and Chagai share the same with Kharan).
• Darfur conflict is in Sudan.
• The first President of America who made an official visit to Pakistan was Dwight D.
• The ‗Aid to Pakistan Consortium‘ meets every year in Paris.
• Which of the following International Organizations has no formal structure and secretariat?
• Who were the three statesmen who formulated Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)? Nehru,
Nasser, and Tito
• Six official working languages are recognized by UNO.
• Alliance among India, Germany, Japan and Brazil to support each other‘s bid for
permanent seat on UN Security Council is called G 4.
• The Iran-Pakistan-India gas pipeline is also known as Peace Pipeline.
• ―Silk Air‖ is an airline of Singapore.

• Which of the following categories of Nobel Prise was established in 1968? Economics
• Total cultivable Land of Pakistan is approximately 80 million hectares which is the 25% of
total land area.
• Madagascar is the largest island in Indian Ocean.
• 2016 Summer Olympics will be held at Rio de Janerio
• ―Kyat‖ is the currency of Myanmar.
• Environment Treaty Kyoto Protocol will be expired in 2012 .
• Sudan established diplomatic relationship with China in 1959.
• Salahuddin Ahmad is the first Chief Justice of Federal Shariat Court.
• Shahida Milk is the first woman General in Pakistan.
• Spleen is called the graveyard of Red Blood Cells.
• Which country is nicknamed ‗The Cockpit of Europe‘ because of the number of battles
throughout history fought on its soil? Belgium.
• First Chaiman of SPARCO was Dr. Abdul Salam.
• ―Hutu‖ is the majority ethnic group of both Burundi and Rwanda.
• ―Ikhwan as Safa, is a secret Arab organization, was founded in Basra (Iraq).
• ―Long March‖ was the Chinese Communists historic 9600 km journey in 1934.
• ―Pan Islam‖ is the movement for uniting the Islamic nations, was originated in 1880 in
Ottoman Empire.
• ―Falkland Island‖ (also called Islas Malvinas) belongs to Britain.
• Telstar‖ was world‘s first communicayion satellite (1962).
• The Gobi desert extends over which two countries? China and Mongolia.
• The Great Barrier Reef is off coast of which Australian state? Queensland.
• Which three countries, apart from the former Yugoslavia, share borders with Greece?
Albania, Bulgaria, Turkey.
• In the Greek alphabet, what is the name for the letter O? Omicron.
• What, in the 16th and 17th century, was a pavana? A dance.
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• In which country is the ancient city of Tarsus? Turkey.
• Which six countries border the Black Sea?
Bulgaria, Georgia, Romania, Russia, Turkey and Ukraine.
• AOL are an internet service provider. What does AOL stand for? America Online.
• Which English queen had an extra finger on her hand? Anne Boleyn.
• Apart from America, which is the only country in the world to which alligators are native?
• After World War I, Transylvania became part of which country? Romania.
• Which sea in Northern Europe is bounded by several countries including Sweden, Finland,
Poland and Germany? The Baltic Sea
• A road tunnel runs from Pelerins in France to Entreves in Italy under which mountain?
Mont Blanc.
• The Barents Sea is part of which ocean? Arctic Ocean.
• Which two countries are either side of the mouth of the River Plate? Argentina and
• What is the longest river solely in England? Thames.
• Of where is Amman the capital? Jordan.
• How many innings are there for each team in a game of baseball? Nine.
• What is the longest river in India? Ganges.
• Which month of the year obtains its name from the Latin verb for ‗to open‘? April.
• On what river does Rome stand? Tiber
• What in Scotland is the meaning of the prefix ‗Inver‘? River mouth.
• Which US state has the lowest population? Alaska.
• Which county is nicknamed the Garden of England? Kent.
• Which African country was formerly called French Sudan? Mali.
• Which sport was originally called ‗soccer-in-water‘? Water polo.
• Which unit of measurement is derived from the Arabic quirrat, meaning seed? Carat.
• Which Italian city was originally built on seven hills? Rome.
• What does the acronym NAAFI stand for? Navy, Army and Air Force Institutes.
• Manama is the capital of which country? Bahrain.
• On which river does Berlin stand? River Spree.
• What type of clock was invented in 1656 by Christian Huygens? The pendulum clock.
• In which desert is the world’s driest place? Atacama (Chile).
• Which is the world’s saltiest sea? The Red Sea.
• Which is the least salty? The Baltic Sea.
• Which nun won the Nobel Prize for peace in 1979? Mother Teresa.
• How many points in the pink ball worth in snooker? Six.
• Which scientist was named ‘Person of the Century’ by Time Magazine? Albert Einstein
• Who sailed in Santa Maria? Christopher Columbus.
• Which country was formerly known as Malagasy Republic? Madagascar.
• Addis Ababa is the capital of which country? Ethiopia.
• The name of which North African city literally means ‗white house‘? Casablanca.
• Of what sort of fish is the dogfish a small variety? Shark.
• Which Asian country was divided at the 38th parallel after World War II? Korea (north
korea and south korea).
• What is the name of the Winter Olympics event that combines cross-country skiing and
shooting? Biathlon.
• Which American science-fiction writer wrote Fahrenheit 451? Ray Bradbury.
• Which African animal‘s name means ‗river horse‘? Hippopotamus.
• Which Indian religion was founded by Guru Nanak? Sikhism.
• What is the capital of Austria? Vienna.
• What in printing do the letters ‗u.c.‘ stand for? Upper case.
• What, politically, does UDI stand for? Unilateral declaration of independence.
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• Donnerstag is German for which day of the week? Thursday.
• Which Asian capital city was known as Batavia until 1949? Jakarta.
• The ancient city of Carthage is now in which country? Tunisia.
• What in Russia is Izvestia? A newspaper.
• Which is the world’s windiest continent? Antarctica.
• In which part of the body are the deltoid muscles? Shoulder.
• E is the international car registration letter for which country? Spain.
• Vienna stands on which river? Danube.
• Which French city is a meeting place for the European Parliament? Strasbourg.
• Annapurna is a mountain in which mountain range? Himalayas.
• How is October 24, 1929 remembered? Black Thursday.
• The River Danube flows into which sea? The Black Sea.
• Which strait separates the North and South islands of New Zealand? Cook Strait.
• Who wrote Black Beauty? Anna Sewell.
• What is the capital of Poland? Warsaw.
• Ice-cream was first produced in which country in the 17th century? Italy.
• In medicine, what does the acronym SARS stand for? Severe Acute Respiratory System.
• Which Shakepeare play was set in Elsinore Castle, Denmark? Hamlet.
• The Kyukyu Island chain lies between which two countries? Japan & Taiwan.
• Which explorer discovered Victoria Falls in Africa? David Livingstone.
• Who was the last king of Egypt? Farouk.
• Which war lasted 16 years longer than its name implies? The Hundred Year’s War.
• What is the national sport of Malaysia and Indonesia? Badminton.
• Which is the shallowest of the Great Lakes? Lake Erie.
• Which country was originally named Cathay? China.
• Sinhalese is a language spoken in which country? Sri Lanka.
• The Sao Francisco River flows through which country? Brazil.
• In which sport do teams compete for the Dunhill Cup? Golf.
• Which Shakespeare character’s last words are: ‘The rest is silence’? Hamlet.
• In economics, whose law states that: ‘bad money drives out good money’? Gresham’s.
• Who made the first navigation of the globe in the vessel Victoria? Magellan.
• Which mountaineer on being asked why he wanted to climb Everest said: ‘Because it’s
there’? George Mallory.
• What was the former name for Sri Lanka? Ceylon.
• Of which Middle east, country is Baghdad the capital? Iraq.
• How many arms does a squid have? Ten.
• Which indoor game is played with a shuttlecock? Badminton.
• Do stalactites grow upwards or downwards? Downwards.
• Which German city and port is at the confluence of the rivers Neckar and Rhine?
• Where in Europe are the only wild apes to be found? Gibraltar.
• The Brabanconne is the national anthem of which country? Belgium.
• In which country is the River Spey? Switzerland.
• What is the capital of Morocco? Rabat.
• How many balls are on the table at the start of a game of pool? Sixteen.
• What is the national airline of Russia, code name SU? Aeroflot.
• What would be kept in a quiver?Arrows.
• What is the modern name of the rocky fortress which the Moors named Gabel-al-Tarik
(the Rock of Tarik)? Gibraltar.
• Who was the last Bristish king to appear in battle? George II.
• San Juan is the capital of which island in the West Indies? Puerto Rico.
• Which profession gets its name from the Latin word for lead? Plumbing.
• What is the highest mountain in the Alps? Mont Blanc.
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• Of which Caribbean country is Port-au-Prince the capital? Haiti.
• What is the first book of the New Testament? The Gospel according to Saint Matthew.
• ―Haiti‖ had a police force called the Tonton Macoutes.
• Who was the first British sovereign to make regular use of Buckingham Palace when in
residence in London? Queen Victoria.
• Of where is Sofia the capital? Bulgaria.
• What is meant by the musical term andante? At a moderate tempo.
• Which team has a soccer team called Ajax? Amsterdam.
• Which Dutch explorer discovered New Zealand? Abel Tasman.
• Viti Levu is the largest island of which country?Fiji.
• Which country fought on both sides during World War II? Italy.
• In the game of chess, which piece is called springer in Germany? Knight.
• What is the meaning of the Russian word ‘mir’? Peace.
• What is the longest river in France? Loire
• What nationality was the explorer Ferdinand Magellan? Portuguese.
• Which Italian city is called Firenze in Italian? Florence.
• What is Autralia’s largest city? Sydney.
• Which term meaning ‘lightning war’ was used to describe military tactics used by Germany
in World War II? Blitzkrieg.
• Where is the deepest ocean and how deep? Pacific Ocean, largest and deepest of the
world’s four oceans, covering more than a third of the earth’s surface and containing more
than half of its free water. Apart from the marginal seas along its irregular western rim, it
has an area of 166 million sq km (64 million sq mi), substantially larger than the entire land
surface of the globe.
• What is a tornado? Tornado, violently rotating column of air extending from within a
thundercloud (see Cloud) down to ground level. The strongest tornadoes may sweep houses
from their foundations, destroy brick buildings, toss cars and school buses through the air,
and even lift railroad cars from their tracks.
• Where are the World‘s Rains Forests? In South America, a vast, forested area of the
Amazon River basin in Brazil and neighboring countries is by far the largest rain forest in the
world. It encompasses more than 3.5 million sq km (about 1.4 million sq mi) about half of
the total global rain forests cover.
• What is SCHIZOPHRENIA? Schizophrenia, severe mental illness characterized by a variety
of symptoms, including loss of contact with reality, bizarre behavior, disorganized thinking
and speech, decreased emotional expressiveness, and social withdrawal.
• What is bloodless revolution? Called also the Glorius Revolution in England, it marked the
end of the despotic rule of the Stuarts and gave way to parliamentary rule there in 1688.
• Which language is written from top to bottom and from left to right? Japanese.
• What is drindle? A kind of dress.
• What is a concordance? An index of words or topics in a book.
• What is the significance of the Corsica Island in history? Birthplace of Napoleon Bonaparte.
• Some important terms :
1. Blockade: Blockade, naval operation conducted by a country at war, with the object of
closing to foreign commerce the vital ports of an enemy country and thereby aiding in the
military defeat of that country by denying it access to supplies and communications from
2. Bourgeoisie: The term was first applied to those inhabitants of medieval towns in France
who occupied a position somewhere between the peasants and the landowning nobility;
soon it was extended to the middle class of other nations.
3. Buffer state: Small State between two larger ones, regarded as reducing friction.
4. Détente: Détente, policy toward a rival nation or bloc of nations characterized by
increased diplomatic, commercial, and cultural contact and a desire to reduce tensions, as
through negotiations or talks.
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5. Gentelman‘s agreement: Agreement binding in honour but not enforceable.
6. Fillbustering: Filibuster, in legislative procedure, term denoting the means employed by
members of a legislative assembly to delay or prevent action on a measure to which they
are opposed. Such means may include the introduction of dilatory motions, intentional
absence from the assembly in order to prevent the existence of a quorum, or the
presentation of abnormally long, often meaningless speeches.
7. Deflation: Deflation involves a sustained decline in the aggregate level of prices, such as
occurred during the Great Depression of the 1930s; it is usually associated with a prolonged
erosion of economic activity and high unemployment. Widespread price declines have
become rare, however, and inflation is now the dominant variable affecting public and
private economic planning.
8.Tout: Spy out the movements and conditions of racehorses in training.
9. Camouflage: Camouflage (military) (French camoufler, ‖to disguise‖), word introduced by
the French at the beginning of World War I to designate scientific disguise of objects
through imitation of natural surroundings.
10. Palliative: Aiming to make the patient as comfortable as possible for as long as possible.
11. Caucus: Caucus, meeting of members of a political party at which the party conducts its
business, discusses policies, and begins the process of nominating candidates for public
office. The caucus method of choosing candidates is usually contrasted with the primary
election. In most primary elections, voters select the party‘s candidates directly at polling
12. Amnesia: Amnesia, loss or impairment of memory. Amnesia is usually associated with
some form of brain damage, but it may also be caused by severe psychological trauma.
13. Lynching: Lynching, hanging or other types of executions, in punishment of a presumed
criminal offense, carried out by self-appointed commissions or mobs, without due process of
law. The term lynching is generally believed to be derived from the name of a Virginia
justice of the peace, Charles Lynch, who ordered extralegal punishment for Tory acts during
the American Revolution (1775-1783).
14. Lgnition point: Ignition, process or means of igniting a combustible substance. Ignition
occurs when the temperature of a substance is raised to the point at which its molecules will
react spontaneously with oxygen, and the substance begins to burn. This temperature is
called the ignition temperature or ignition point.
• Houston and Delware canals are present in the country? France
• ―Grand Canal‖ is the oldest man made canal for shiping purpose situated in? China
• Hudson Bay is the largest bay of the world situated in Northern Canada
• Budapest is the capital of Hungary situated on the bank of River Danube.
• Sea of Marmara and Aegean sea are connected by the strait Dardanelles
• Cook strait separates south New-Zealand from North New-Zealand
• River volga pours it’s water into the Caspian sea
• The important country close to international date line is? New zealand
• Longest day in the Northern Hemisphere? 21st june
• The shortest day is? 22 December
• Continent in the world has the least rainfall? Africa
• South pole is located in the continent of ?Antarctica
• Which is the largest country in the Arabian penunsula? Saudi Arabia
• Which is the least populated continent in the world? antarctica
• Which of the following countries leads the world in the export of oil? Saudi Arabia
• Which island was epicenter of Tsunami of 26, december 2004? Smatra
• Which continent is without glaciers? Australia
• The first Prime minister of Bangladesh was Mujibur Rehman
• The longest highway in the world is the Trans Canada (length of About 8000 km)
• The country that accounts for nearly one third of the total teak production of the world is
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• The country also known as “country of Copper” is Zambia
• The coldest place on the earth is Verkoyansk in Siberia
• The country which ranks second in terms of land area is Canada
• The largest Island in the Mediterranean sea is Sicily
The capital city that stands on the river Danube is Belgrade
• The Japanese call their country as Nippon
• The length of the English channel is 564 kilometres
The country in which river Wangchu flows is Myanmar
• The city which is the biggest centre for manufacture of automobiles in the world is Detroit,
• The country which is the largest producer of rubber in the world is Malaysia
• The earlier name of New York city was New Amsterdam
• The first Industrial Revolution took place in England
• World Environment Day is observed on 5th June
• The first Republican President of America was Abraham Lincoln
• The country famous for Samba dance is Brazil
• The name of Alexander’s horse was Beucephalus
• Singapore was founded by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles
• The famous British one-eyed Admiral was Nelson
• The UNO was formed on oct. 24,1945
• The independence day of South Korea is celebrated on 15th August
• ‘Last Judgement’ was the first painting of an Italian painter named Michelangelo
• The first President of Egypt was Mohammed Nequib
• The person who is called the father of modern Italy is G.Garibaldi
• The first woman Prime Minister of Britain was Margaret Thatcher
• What do you call a group of sheep?A Flock of Sheep
• On the banks of which river is the city of London located? Thames
• Which among the following trees is considered the tallest in the world? Eucalyptus
• Which of the following is a Kharif Crop? Rice,cotton
• Humidity in the river is maximum in ?Monsoon
• Simpson Desert is present in? Australia
• The national flag of Pakistan was designed by Amiruddin Kidwai.
• The most sunshine place is Arizona, U.S.A.
• Money is not made out of paper. It is made out of Cotton.
• Norway is the only European Country which is the member of OPAC.
• The oldest army in the world is that of the Swiss Guard in the Vatican City (Rome,Italy)
• A.D. is the abbreviation of Anno Domini.
• Someone who collects Teddy bear is known as Arctophile
• Solar Calendar is also Known as Gregorian calendar.
• Squash is not included in Olympics.
• Five rings in Olympic Flag represent Five Continents.
• Milan (Italy) is the fashion world of Capital.
• FORTUNE is the only Magazine which is issued for Top 100 Richest Persons in world.
• The largest circulated magazine in the world is Reader‘s Digest.
• Leaning Tower of Pisa is located in Italy.
• The largest capital is Lapaz, Bolivia (South America).
• Piccaso and Pablo are the Persons who Started Cubism movement.
• The largest City area wise is New York and Population wise is Tokyo.
• The largest artificial lake is lake Mead ( manmade)
• The largest active volcano is Mauna-lao Hawaii Island.
• The deepest cave is Reseau Jean Bernard in France.
• The largest tomb is the Mount Li Tomb belonging to Zheng the first Emperor of China.
• Technologically the most advanced Asian Country is Japan.
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• The largest forest is The Vast Coniferous Forest of the Northern Russia.
• The country with the highest rate of suicide is Sri Lanka.
• The smallest Islamic country is Maldives (in South Asia).
• Volga baltic canal system is the world‘s largest canal system.
• The country with the highest annual population growth rate is Oman, Asia.
• The largest cinema is The Radio City Music Hall, in New York, USA.
• The country without cinema is Saudia Arabia.
• The largest complex of film studio is at Universal City, Los Angeles, California, USA.
• The largest oil field is the Ghawar Field in Saudi Arabia.
Banana Tree having no wood.
• Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland and Iceland are known as Nordic Countries.
• The largest car manufacturing company of the world is general motors‘ of U.S.A.
• The weight of a cricket ball is 5 ½ oz (ounces). The length of a wicket is 27 inches.
• A hockey ground is 100 yards long and 80 yards wide.
• Sunbeams are the symbol of Olympics.
• The national game of Greece is boxing.
• Football is the national game of Russia and Brazil.
• The height of volley ball net is seven feet.
• Judo and Karate are Japan‘s national games.
• Bull fighting is Spain‘s national game.
• There are four player in a polo team.
• Jerusalem is known as the ‗ETERNAL CITY‘.
• Sea water is the chief source of water.
• The silicon valley is situated in PaloAlto (California) U.S.A.
• The most expensive car is Rolls Royce.
• The largest Airline is Aeroflot (USSR).

Cupid was the Roman god of love.
• 01000 is a positive binary number.
• George Eastman invented the KODAK camera and photographic film.
• The longest skating ‗rink‘ in the world is Ottawa.
• France is known as the perfume capital of the world.
• Hazrat Muhammad (S.A.W.S.) liked to wear White Colour.
• The name of Hazrat Nooh‘s (A.S.) son who was drowned in the Nooh‘s Deluge (Storm)
was Kan‘aan.
• Namrood was a king during the days of Hazrat Ibrahim.
• Barani Dam in Pakistan was built on river Kurram.
• Hub Dam near Karachi was constructed in 1983.
• Begum Rana Liaquat Ali Khan was the first lady of Pakistan.
• Begum Shaista Ikram Ullah was a first women federal minister of Pakistan.
• In Pakistan, Sialkot is famous for producing sports goods.
• Protein is present in the highest amount in a human body.
• Book which is “collection of laws” of Hinduism? DHARMA
• East India company established in 1600. (Era Of Akbar)
• 19 april 2004 national security counsel eastablished
• Russia withdraw from Afghanistan in 1989 ( invasion 1979)
• Palestine liberation organization was established in 1964
• Capital of Cyprus is Nicosia; Cyprus freed 16 august 1960
• Dutch is the language of Belgium
―Karez‖ or small coverd canals are dug to avoid evaporation due to excessive heat.This
method of irrigation is prevalent in Balochistan.
• ―Harnai‖ in Balochistan is famous for woollen mills.
• The village life of Pakistan is the best depicted in the paintings of Ustad Allah Bakhsh.
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• Z.A. Bhutto government‘s land reforms prescribed the ceiling of land holding as 150 acres
of irrigated and 300 acres of un-irrigated land.
• Laws passed by the legislature of a country are called Statutes.
• ―Abdin Palace‖ is the official residence of the president of Eygpt.
• ―Hellenic Republic‖ has the official name of Greece.
• The Lahore Resolution 1940 was first called ―Pakistan Resolution‖ by Hindu press and
• After independence, the first industrial unit inaugurated by Quaid-e-Azam was Valika
Textile Mills.
• The first chairman of Senate after its creation was Khan Habibullah Khan.
• ‗Khojak Pass‘ connects Qila Abdullah and Chaman.
• Johnson is the first president of America who faced an impeachment trial in the
constitutional history of USA.
• Under 1956 constitution, for the first time, the president was given the power to opiont
the prime minister at his own discretion.
• Under 1962 constitution, ‗Basic Democracy System‘ served as an electoral college for the
election of the president, central and provincial legislatures.
• Senate, under 1973 constitution, is a permanent chamber which cannot be dissolved and
its one-third members shall be replaced after every three years.
• Proclamation of Emergency on account of war of internal disturbances has been laid down
in Article 232 of the constitution of 1973.
• South of the Kabul River up to Kurram Pass lies the Koh-e-Safeid.
• The Geneva Pact was signed on April14, 1988 between Pakistan and Afghanistan.
• ‗Hiran Minar‘ was a favourite hunting ground of Emperor Jehangir.
• Bay of Biscay is situated between France and Spain.
• Mohammad bin Tughlaq ruler is referred to as the ‘Mad Monarch’.
• Austin said these words ―Law is a Command of Sovereign, enforceable with sanction‖.
• Nasir-ud-Din-Mahmud was the last ruler of the Tughlaq dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate.
• Shams-ud-din Iltutmish Sultans of the slave Dynasty reigned for the longest period.
• Battle of tarain was fought between Muhammad ghauri and raja pirthavi in 1192 AD
• China‘s parliament has the largest membership
• February will have 30 days after 400 years
Prince suleman al masood was first muslim who traveled in space
• Exxon is largest oil company in the world
• Rahbar was first rocket launched by Pakistan
• The country with minimum birth rate is Sweden
• Highest life expectancy in Japan
• First pc made in 1970 called Altair
• China joined UN in 1946 and Afghanistan in 1946
• Under water frogs breathe through their skin (cutenious).
• Which famous author penned the words, “To be or not to be…”? – William Shakespeare
• Why do birds migrate? – To reach food and breeding grounds
• Which language has the most words? – English
• What do deciduous trees do —– Lose their leaves in winter
• Which country grows the most fruit —– China
• What is a baby rabbit called —– Kit or Kitten
• Hardest substance is diamond, what’s the softest? — Talc
• What is 6 inches bigger in Summer —– Eiffel tower
• De Witt Wallace founded what —– Readers Digest
• Which country was the first to introduce old age pensions —Germany
• From what language does the word alphabet come —– Greek -alpha beta
• What colour is the bull on an archery target? —- Gold
• Pirates remain a problem off the coast of which African country? Somalia
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• Name of author/authoress of novel series ―Harry Potter ?J.K. Rolling
• A group of zebras is called a Herd
• The Quaid-i-Azam was born in Wazir Mension Karachi
• BOAC is international airline of Britain
• Emirate is international airline of UAE
• USA used veto power most of the times in UNO Security Council.
• Current total of SAARC members are eight. Which last country joined the SAARC in its
13th conference at Dhaka? Afghanistan
• Talbul project is disputed between Pakistan and India.
• Mehdi Shah was elected first Chief Minister of Gilgit Baltistan.
• Talpatty Island is disputed between India and Bangladesh
• Hermon area is disputed between the countries Syria, Israel and Lebanon
• Isfara velley is disputed between Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan.
• Parang Island is disputed between China and South Korea.
• Kurial islands are disputed between Japan and Russia.
• In Which countries of Europe, United States is planning to set up a missile defense base?
Czech Republic and Poland
• Hans Island is disputed between Denmark and Canada.
• Banana Island is disputed between Kiribati and Fiji.
• 7th NFC award was signed by prime minister and other chief ministers of all provinces on
30th December 2009.
• Halaib Triangle is disputed between Sudan and Egypt.
• Canary Islands is disputed between Spain and Morocco.
• Shahbaz Airbase is located in Jacobabad.
• Shamsi Airbase is located in Quetta.
• NATO expelled Russian diplomats from NATO headquarters in Brussels over a spy scandal
in Estonia
• Who won maximum number of Grand Slam in the history of world tennis? Roger Federer
• How many Grand Slam titles Roger Federer has won till 2009? 16
• In 1991 Madras was also changed to a new name of Chennai
• ―In the line of Fire‖ is the autobiography of General Pervez Musharraf
• Democracy and Authoritarianism in South Asia book is written by Ayesha Jalal
• The State of Martial Rule book is written by Ayesha Jalal
• Self and Sovereignty book is written by Ayesha Jalal
• The Lord of the Rings book is written by JRR Tolkien
• Books written by Barack Obama are: 1. Dreams from My Father 2. The Audacity of Hope
• Who is called ―The Father of Comedy‖? Aristophanes
• The name United Nations was coined by Roosevelt
• Which one of the following king of France is called ―Citizen King‖? Louis Philip
• Who is called the Shakespeare of Punjabi language? Peer Waris Shah
• Who is called the father of Academy Award (Oscar Award)? Louis B Mayer
• Who is known as the founder of USA? John Adams
• Who is called ―Father of Economic‖? Adam Smith
• Who is known as the founder of Modern Turkey? Kemal Ataturk
• Who is called ―lion of the Punjab‖? Ranjit Singh
• Otto Von Bismarck is called the? Man of Blood and Iron
• Who is known as the ‗Iron Man of India‘? Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
▪ Shahnama-i-Islam was written by Hafeez Jalandri.
▪ Taloo e islam was written by Allama Iqbal
• Man who ruled India was written by Philip Woodruff.
• The book confession was written by Rousseau.
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• Quaid –e-Azam Jinnah. The story of a Nation is written by G.Allana.
• Foundation of Pakistan was written by Sharif ud din Pirzada.
• Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam was written by Edward Fitzgeranld.
• Gitanjali was written by Rabindranath Tagore.
• Asrar-e-khudi is written by Allama Iqbal
• Bal-e-Jibril is written by Allama Iqbal
• Bang-e-dara is written by Allma Iqbal
• Bostan is written by Sheikh Saadi
• Darbar-i-Akbari is written by Azad, Muhammad Hussain
• Gulistan is written by Sheikh Saadi
• Javaid Nama is written by Allama Iqbal
• Jawab-e-Shikwah is written by Allama Iqbal
• Ktab al Shifa is written by Ibn Sina
• Mirat ul Aroos is written by Nazir Ahmed
• Muqaddamah is written by Ibn Khaldun
• Shaer o Shaeri is written by Altaf Hussain Hali
• Mussaddas-i-Hali is written by Altaf Hussain Hali
• Naqsh-e-Faryadi is written by Faiz Ahmed Faiz
• Payam-e-Mashriq is written by Allama Iqbal
• Shahnama is written by Firdausi
• Tehzeeb al Ikhlaq is written by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan
• Tafhim ul quran is written by Syed Abdul ala Maudoodi.
• Yadgar-i-Galib is written by Hali
• Zabur-e-Anjam is written by Dr. Allama Iqbal
• Zarb-e-Kaleem is written by Dr. Allama Iqbal
• Anthony Cleopatra is written by W. Shakespeare
• As you like it is written by W. Shakespeare
• Caesar and Cleopatra is written by G.B Shaw
• Comedy of Errors is written by W. Shakespeare
• Daughter of the East is written by Benazir Bhuto
• Decline and Fall of Roman Empire is written by Edward Gibbon
• Great Expectations is written by Charles Dickens
• Hamlet is written by W.Shakespeare
• Ibn Battuta Travels in Asia and Africa is written by Ibn Battuta
• Jinnah of Pakistan is written by Stanley Wolpert
• Myth of independence is written by Z. A Bhutto
• World War is written by W. Churchill
• Muhammad Ali Jinnah is written by M.H Saiyid
• Nineteen Eighty Four is written by George Orwell
• Old man and the Sea is written by Ernest Hamingway
• Oliver Twist is written by Charles Dickens
• Origin Of species is written by Charles Darwin
• Paradise Lost is written by John Milton
• Pride and Prejudice is written by Jane Austen
• Social Contact is written by Rousseau
• Twelfth Night is written by W. Shakespeare
• A Tale of Two Cities is written by Charles Dickens
• Vanity of Human Wishes is written by Samuel Johnson
• Wealth of Nation is written by Adam Simith
• Zulfi Bhutto of Pakistan is written by Stanley Wolpert
• Faust is written by Goethe
• Mein Kampf is written by Hitler
• Divine Comedy is written by Dante
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• Odyssey (Greek) is written by Homer
• Utopia is written by Thomas Mooore
• War and Peace is written by Leo Tolstoy
• Crime and Punishment is written by F.M Dostovsky
• Communist Manifesto is written by Karl Marx and Eagles
• Das Capital is written by Karl Marx
• The Prince is written by Machiavelli
• Constitutional Development of Pakistan is written by G.W Choudhry
• Five Thousand Years of Pakistan is written by Wheeler R.E.M
• Foreign Policy of Pakistan is written by Zulifkar Ali Bhutto
• Jinnah, Creator of Pakistan is written by Hecor Bolitho
• Muslim Separatism in India and Pakistan is written by Abdul Hamid
• Political Syetem in Pakistan is written by Khalid B. Saeed
• Politics in Pakistan is written by Khalid B. Saeed
• Quaid-i-Azam and Pakistan is written by Ahmad Hasan Dani
• Struggle for Pakistan is written by I.H Qureshi
• The Emergence of Pakistan is written by Mohammad Ali Choudhry
• The Making of Pakistan is written by K.K Aziz
• Towards Pakistan is written by Whaeed-uz-Zaman
• Khusboo is written by Parveen Shakir
• Laila Majnoo is written by Amir Khusro
• Akbar nama is written by Abu Fazal
• Al Qanoon fil Tib is written by Ibne Sina
• Green Book is written by Presisdent Moamoor Gadafi
• Republic is written by Plato
• Revolution and Independence is written by Words Worth
• Road to Freedom is written by Bertrand Russel
• Romeo and Juliet is written by Shakespeare
• The spirit of Islam was written by Syed Ameer Ali.
• The poem Shikwah and Jawab-e-Sikwah was written by Allama Iqbal.
• Five Thousand Years of Pakistan was written by REM Wheeler.
• White Papers are policy statements published by the British parliament on the subject of
tremendous public importance.
• Blue Books are the official reports of the British Government.
• White Books are the official publications of the countries like Portugal, China, and
• Yellow Books are the official records of France.
• Grey Books are the official policy as well as reports of the Japanese government.
• Green Books are the official reports of the Italian government.
• Orange Books are the official publication of the Netherlands.
• Lenin wrote ‗the state and revolution‘.
• Ibn-e-Khaldun retired as a judge.
• Al Ghazali is known as Hujatul Islam.
• The name of the book which Al-Farabi wrote is ‗Ara Madinatul Fazila‘.
• Plato wrote ‗the laws‘.
• Aristotle founded ‗the lyceum‘.
• Mao wrote ‗On contradictions‘.
• J.S. Mill wrote ‗On liberty‘.
• A short history of Pak:=I.H.Qureshi.
• Discovery of Pak:= A.Aziz.
• History of Freedom Movement=I.H.Qureshi.
• Jinnah as I know him= Abdul Hassan Isphahani.
• Jinnah:Creator of Pak:=Hector Bolithio.
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• India wins Freedom= Abdul Kalam Azad.
• Emergence of Pak:=Ch: Rahmat Ali.
• Transfer of Power in India=V.P.Memon.
• Pakistan Nagozeer Tha= Syed Hasan Raza.
• Quaid-i-Azam & Pakistan=Ahmed Hassan Dani.
• Friends not Masters=Ayub Khan.
• The Pakistan Issue= Nazir Yar Jung.
• Quid wrote the preface of ―My Leader‖=Ziauddin Ahmed.
• Muslim Nationalism in India= Malik Hafeez.
• Pathway to Pak: = Ch: Khaiquzzaman.
• The Indian Musalimans= W.W.Hunter.
• Our Struggle=Mohd: Noman.
• Evolution of Pakistan: Sharifuddin Pirzada.
• Birth of Pak: =Dr. Sachin.
• Pakistan the Heart of Asia= Liaquat Ali Khan.
• Incomplete Partition = Alastair Lamb.
• My Last day with Quaid=Ilahi Bux
• Outline of a scheme of Indian Federation=Sir Sikandar Hayat Khan.
• The Forgotten Years is an autobiography of from Foreign Minister Sir Zafarullah Khan.
• Mission with Mountabatten=Alan Campbell Johnson.
• Religious Thought of Sayyid Ahmed Khan==Bahir Ahmad Dar.
• The Cambridge History of the British Empire=H.H.Dodwell.
• The book ―party politics in Pakistan‘ (1947-58) is written by K.K.AZIZ.
• Higher than Hopes is biography of Nelson Mandela.
• Who wrote “History of God”? Karen Armstrong
• Hayat-e-Jawaid, written by Altaf Hussain Hali, is on the life of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan.
• ―The Sun also Rises‖ is written by Earnest Hemingway.
• Khadija Mastoor wrote Angan.
• Imam Ghazali is the author of Ihya-ul-Uloom.
• Montesquieu wrote ‗the spirit of laws‘.
• Who is the author of ―Preparing for the Twenty First Century‖? Paul Kennedy
• Who wrote ―Supreme Court and Human Rights‖? Tamizuddin
• The author of famous book, ―Nuclear Weapons and Foreign Policy‖ is Henry Kissinger.
• ‗Rise and Fall of Great Powers‘ is the work of Paul Kennedy.
• ―My Experiments with Truth‖ is autobiography of Mahtma Gandhi.
• Palk Strait separates India from Sri Lanaka.
• Babul Mandab strait separates Arabia from Africa.Babel-Mandab strait leads into the Red
• Red sea is b/w Arabia and Africa.
• Davis Strait separates Greenland from Baffin Island.The Davis Strait lies between Canada
and Greenland
• Messina strait separates Italy from Sicily.
• Johor strait separates Malaysia from Singapore.
• Bass Strait separates Australia from Tasmania.
• Florida Strait separates Cuba from Florida. It joins Atlantic Ocean with Gulf of Mexico.
• Dover strait separates England from France.
• Gibraltar Strait separates Spain and Africa and joins Mediterranean Sea with Atlantic
• Torres Strait separates Australia and Papua New Guinea
• Bosporus Strait connects Black Sea with the Sea of Marmora.
• Dardanelles strait (Turkey) joins Marmora sea with Aegean Sea.
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• Malacca strait separates Sumatra from Malay Peninsula. It is longest strait in the world.
• Mozambique strait is the broadest strait in the world. It is b/w Mozambique and
• Sunda strait separates Sumatra from Java Island.
• Battle of Jhelum was fought b/w Alexandar the Great and Raja Porus in 326 B.C. The
latter was defeated.
• Mahumud Ghaznavi invaded on Somnath in 1025 A.D.
• Battle of Tarain was fought b/w Mohd: Ghouri and Prithvi Raj in 1192 A.D. The former won
the battle.
• First battle of Panipat was fought b/w Ibrahim Lodhi and Babur in 1526. Babur won the
• Second battle of Panipat was fought in 1556. Akbar won the battle.
• Third battle of Panipat was fought b/w Ahmad Shah Abdali and Marahttas in 1760. Ahmed
Shah defeated the latter.
• West Bank was occupied in 1967.
• Japan attacked Pearl Harbour located in Hawaii on 7 Dec: 1941.
• Israel occupied Golan Heights from Syria.
• West Bank is located b/w Isreal & Jordan.
• West Bank was occupied in 1967.
• Iran & UAE dispute over Persian Gulf islands, Greater & lesser Tunbs.
• Sakhalin Island is dispute b/w Russia & Japan.
• Iran & UAE dispute over Persian Gulf islands, Greater & lesser Tunbs.
• Sakhalin island is dispute b/w Russia & Japan.
• In Battle of Sabroan, English defeated Sikhs and captured Lahore.
• Nickname of Atomic Bomb dropped on Hiroshima in 1945 was Little Boy and on
Nagasaki=Fat Man.
• The hundred year war actually lasted for 114 years.
• Sir William Howard Russell was the first Great War correspondent.
• Hundred years war fought between France and Britain during 1338-1453.
• Cease fire between Iran and Iraq took place in 1988, by the intervention of U.N.
• The place named Normandy became worlds famous due to the D.Day landing during the
Second World War on 6th June 1944. Normandy is located in France.
• Pearl Harbor incident took place on 7th Dec 1941.
• In 1982 the Falklands war was fought between Britain and Argentina.
• Civil War of USA lasted from 1861-1865.
• The famous British Naval commander, who defected the French Naval Fleet at Nile in 1788
and at Trafalgar in 1805 was Horatio Nelson.
• Doer war fought between South Africa and British.
• Fighting broke out between Greeks and the Turks in July 1974.
• At the end of Second World War in 1945, Germany was divided among 4 major powers.
• In Opium war Britain fought against China.
• Gulf war Jan 1991 stopped in Feb 28, 1991.
• Iran-Iraq was started in Sep 1980 and ended in Aug1988.
• Lloyd George of Great Britain represented in treaty of Versailles.
• Germany remained in grip of allied occupation from 1994 to 1952.
• The American general who acted as the supreme commander of Allied forces in Europe
during the second world war was D.D Eisenhower.
• The criminals of the Second World War were trailed in the city of Nuremburg.
• Break up of Germany occurred on 1945 and merger on Oct 3, 1990.
• Iraq occupied Kuwait on 2nd Aug 1990.
• USA dropped an atom bomb on Hiroshima on 6th August 1945.
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• First World War begun on 1914 A.D. and Second World War started in 1939 when
Germany attacked on Poland, it is also considered as greatest war.
• Germans call a WW1 sea fight Battle of Skagerrak what in UK: Battle of Jutland
• Operation Thunderbolt was the nickname given to which raid Israeli raid on Entebbe
• In WW2 the Germans launched operation Bernhard – what Counterfeit British Notes
• In WW2 what was the German codename for invasion of Russia- Barberossa
• Operation Dracula in WWII freed what city- Rangoon Burma
• Which 19th century battle UK / USA fought after peace signed- Battle of New Orleans
• Waterloo is now in… Belgium
• The Duke of Wellington defeated Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.
• In Battle of Sabroan, English defeated Sikhs and captured Lahore.
• Iraq occupied Kuwait in August 1990.
• North Korea invaded South Korea in 1950.
• Darfur conflict is in Sudan.
• Buckingham palace is the residence of British king and Queen is in London.
• 10 Downing Street is the residence of British PM.
• Queen‘s house is the official residence of Sri Lankan president.
• Great Wall of China was built in the reign of Shih Huang-ti
• Blue House is the official residence in .. South Korea
• Istana Merdeke is the official residence of President of Indonesia.
• Elysee palace is the name of the residence of Franch President.
• What country‘s leader does not have an official residence: Cuba
• Bond Street is located in London. It is famous for tailoring and jewelry.
• Dalal Street is located in Mumbai (India). It is the stock exchange market of Mumbai.
• Drowning Street No. 10 is located at Westminster (England). It is famous for the official
residence of the British Prime Minister. It was named after Sir George Drowning, a diplomat
under Cromwell and King Charles II.
• Elgin Street is located in Scotland. It is the world‘s shortest street.
• Young Street is located in Toronto (Canada). It is the longest street in the world.
• Vicolo della virilita is the world‘s narrowest street.
• Canal Street is the widest street in USA.
• Broadway (USA) is famous for various theaters and cinema halls. It is regarded as biggest
street in the world.
• Fleet Street is in London where newspaper offices and press agencies are located.
• The busiest shopping centre of London is Oxford Street
• Lombart Street is located in San Francisco. This street is also called the Crookedest Street.
It is the financial centre in San Francisco.
• Wall Street is located in New York. It was built in 1653. It is famous for banking, finance
and stock exchange market.
• In which London Street is the US embassy- Grosvener Square.
• Mount Olympus is in Greece.
• The mountain range in Russia that is regarded as the boundary b/w Europe & Asia is
• Margalla Hills of Islamabad are extension of Himaliya range.
• Ural mountains separate Asia from Europe.
• Ordovician are oldest rocks.
• Oldest mountain system are Araveli.
• Youngest mountain system are Himaliyas.
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• Andes Mountains are in South America.
• Ring of Fire are volcanoes in Circum-Pacific Seismic belt.
• Alps are Europe‘s largest mountain system.
• Atlas are North Africa‘s mountain range. Atlas Mountains are in Morocco.
• The Himalaya mountain range (Asia) is the greatest mountain range in the world.
• Ayers Rock is the largest single rock in the world.
• Mauna kea volcano is in Hawaii
• What is the worlds longest mountain range-The Andes
• Black forest is a mountain in Germany.
• Rocky or Rockies Mountains is the largest mountain system of North America.
• Koh-i-Sultan is in Pakistan.
• Highest mountain system in the world is Himalayas.
• Sefid Koh is mountain range in Afghanistan.
• Blue Mountains are in Australia.
• Mauna Kea volcano is in Hawaii.
• What is the name of the second highest mountain in Africa-Mount Kenya
• In what modern country is mount Ararat-Turkey
• Most active volcano Italiana is situated in Hawaii.
• Mount Everest is in Himalaya range with height 29,028 feet first ascent made on May 29,
• K2 named Goodwin Austin or Chagori is in Karakoram Range with 28,250 ft height. First
ascent made on July 31, 1954.
• Nanga Parbat is in Himalaya range is known as Killer Mountain with height 26,660 ft. First
ascent was made on July 3, 1953.
• Broad Peak I is in Karakoram range with height 26,470.
• Tirich Mir is in Hindu Kush mountain.
• Prince Charles is mountain range in Antarctica.
• Zardak is the highest peak of Kirthar range.
• Where are the glasshouse mountains- Queensland Australia
• Namni Pass is in Myanmar.
• Khunjerab Pass is highest pas in Pakistan.
• Alpine Pass is in USA.
• Lowari Pass is in Pakistan.
• Khojak tunnel is in Balouchistan.
• Bolan (Sulaiman range) pass is in Baluchistan.
• Kolpur pass is in Baluchistan.
• Shandur Pass is in Pakistan.
• Donner pass is in California (USA)
• Hispar & Biafo glacier is in Pakistan.
• Siachen glacier is in Karakoram Range.
• Baltoro gracier is in Karakoram Range.
• Chogo Lugma is in Karakoram range.
• Hispar glacier is in Hunza.
• Malaspina glacier is in Alaska (US),
• Tasman glacier is in New Zealand.
• Alpine is the highest mountain pass in the world.
• Siachen, batoro and chogo lugma glaciers are in Karakorum.
• April 1984, India conducted an Operation known as ‘Operation Meghdoot‘ to capture
• Siachen Glacier is the Worlds Biggest Glacier outside the two Poles. It is also the world’s
Highest Glacier that is why it is refered to as “The Third Pole.” It is also the World’s Highest
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Battle Ground Ever
• Africa is without glaciers.
• Highest point of Asia is Mount Everest (Nepal-Tibet).
• Mount Aconcagua, highest peak in the western hemisphere, located in the Andes
Mountains of western Argentina, near the border with Chile.
• Bodpo La pass is highest pass in Tibet (China) with height 19,412.
• Vesuvius is a volcano in Italy.
• Swat valley is in the mountain range of… hindukash
• Saddle peak is highest peak in Anandaman & Nicobar islands.
• Karoko tao is a volcano in Indonesia.
• Approximately the south west monsoon begins in Pakistan in late July.
• Largest ocean is pacific, then Atlantic, Indian and then Arctic.
• Largest sea is South China Sea, then Caribbean Sea, then Mediterranean sea, Behring Sea
Gulf of Mexico, Sea of Japan, Hudson Bay, East China Sea, Andaman Sea, then Black sea
then Red sea and in the last Baltic sea.
• Sea of Japan is famous for fishing area.
• Total seas are 12.
• Bermuda Triange is located in Atlantic Ocean.
• Diego Garcia is in Indian Ocean.
• The deepest place in the Indian Ocean is Sunda Trench.
• Caspian Sea is located in Iraq-Azerbaijan, Turkmensitan, Kazakhstan & Russia.
• Caspian Sea is the largest salt water lake in the world.
• Caspian Sea water is shared by Iran, Russia & Azerbaijan.
• Which sea is sometimes called the Euxine Sea- Black Sea
• What sea is directly north of Poland- Baltic sea
• Arctic Ocean is the smallest ocean.
• Cyprus is an island in the Mediterranean Sea.
• The waters of Caspian Sea are shared by Russia, Iran & Azerbaijan.
• What is the worlds largest sea (in area): South China
• Aral Sea is in Central Asia (Kazakhstan). Aral is an inland sea.
• What is the world’s warmest sea- The Red Sea
• Aegean Sea is located in Atlantic Ocean.
• Sargasso Sea is without a coastline.
• Which of the following cause ocean currents? Permanent winds
• Nether land‘s land is below sea level.
• Atlantic Ocean is called the ―Herring Pond‖.
• Third world comprises of 70% of world population.
• Hamun Mashkel Lake (Baluchistan) is salt water lake.
• Most important crop of Nile delta is Cotton.
• Pak: is 4th among world‘s largest cotton producers.
• A famous natural bridge is located in Virginia.
• Eskimos live in North America.
• Iberian Peninsula is a part of Europe.
• The number of CARS is five.
• Height of Islamabad is 2000 ft: above sea level.
• The Devil Tower present in US is a volcano.
• Hudson Bay is largest bay and is in Northern Canada.
• Largest gulf is Gulf of Mexico.
• Grand Canal is oldest man made canal for shipping purpose in China.
• Shark bay is in Western Australia.
• English Channel separates England from France.
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• Gulf of Sidra is in Libya.
• Red river is in USA.
• Gulf of lion is in France.
• Churchill water fall is in Canada.
• Danube River is in Romania (Europe). It pours into Black sea.
• The Volga is Europe longest river what is the second longest Danube
• Volga River is in Russia.
• What is the only river that flows both north and south of equator – The Congo
• New Zealand is situated in the region of Oceania.
• Oxus River (also called Amu Darya) is flowing between Afghanistan and Tajikistan. It is
the largest river of central Asia.
• Bari Doab is the area lying between River Ravi and River Beas.
• SURMA is the name of a river.
• Windermere Lake is the largest lake of UK.
• What is France‘s longest river: Loire
• Hundroo (Hundrubagh) Water Falls are in India.
• An iceberg floating in sea will have one-tenth of its mass above the surface of water.
• Jog Falls are the highest waterfalls in India.
• Which river is in Lebanon? River Latani
• Highest salinity is found in the Great Salt Lake in USA.
• Niagara Falls was discovered by Louis Hennepin
• Madagascar is popularly known as the Island of Cloves
• Niagara Falls was discovered by Louis Hennepin
• Gateway of Pacific is Panama Canal.
• Panama Canal links Pacific Ocean with Atlantic Ocean.
• Panama Canal was opened in 1914.
• Panama Canal links North America with South America.
• The Amazon river rises in which country-Peru
• Amazon River is largest river in terms of volume. It is in Brazil. It pours into Atlantic
• The longest and largest river in Asia is Yangtze.
• The largest river in China is The Yangtze River.
• The Soan and the Haro are the two rivers of Potohar Plateau.
• Aswan dam is constructed on river Nile.
• World‘s largest earth filled dam is Tarbela.
• Voctoria falls are on the border b/w Zimbabwe & South Africa.
• Titicaca is the highest navigable lake in world extending from Peru to Bolivia.
• Lake Baikal is the deepest lake in the world. It is located in Siberia.
• Indus River pours into Arabian Sea.
• After Indus, the longest river is Sutlaj in Pakistan.
• The longest river in South Asia is the Brahmputra.
• Nile River pours its water into Mediterranean Sea.
• Don River pours its water into Sea of Azov.
• Tigris River pours its water into Caspian Sea.
• Suez Canal is 170 Km long constructed in 1869.
• The Suez Canal was constructed in 1869.
• The Suez Canal link the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea. The Canal was constructed
by a French Engineer, Ferdinand De Lesseps.
• The Suez Canal was nationalized by Col. Nasser on 26th July, 1956.
• Mariana trench is the deepest part in the ocean and it lies in Pacific Ocean. It is also called
the deepest seafloor depression in the world.
• River Zambezi flows in Southeast Africa.
• Euphrates flows in Syria and Iraq.
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• Mesopotamia is the region b/w Tigris & Euphrates.
• Mississippi river flows in USA. Mississippi is longest river of America.
• Missouri river flows in USA
• Hudson River flows in USA.
• Golden River flows in Alaska, Canada.
• In what country are the Painted Lakes- Indonesia
• Name the river that flows through Baghdad- Tigris
• What city has the most canals- Birmingham
• Suez Canal was acquired by Britain in 1875 and nationalized by Egypt in 1956. It remains
closed 1967-75 after Arab Israel War.
• Thames River is in England.
• Seine River is in France.
• Hang He river is in China.
• Victoria Lake forms boundary line b/w Tanzania and Uganda.
• Source River Jehlum is Verinag.
• Lake Superior is the largest fresh water lake in the world. It is located in North America
• Lake Victoria is located in Kenya-Tanzania and Uganda.
• Great Bear Lake is located in Canada.
• In which country would you find Lake Disappointment Australia
• The Amazon river dolphins are what colour- Pink
• Which of the following rivers rises in lake Lan-Ka Tso in Tibet? Sutlej
• Volga river pours its water into Caspian Sea it is longest river of Europe.
• Don is a river of Russia.
• Lake Erie (N.America) is most polluted lake in the world.
• Lake Mead on the Arizona-Nevada is largest man-made lake in USA.
• Baikal Lake is in Siberian desert.
• Palk Bay lies b/w Gulf of Mannar and Bay of Bengal.
• Panama Canal connects Atlantic Ocean with Pacific Ocean.
• 3- Gorges Dam is in .. China
• Indus originates from Tibet near Mansorowar Lake.
• The Victoria Falls in Africa is located on river Zambezi. It is the highest fall of Africa.
• Mt Merapi is located on Java.
• What is the longest river in Australia- Murray-Darling
• Gulf Stream is an ocean current named after the Gulf of Mexico.
• The panch Pokhri Lake situated in the Himalaya Mountains is the highest lake in the world.
• Aswan dam is in Egypt.
• Word Tsunami is of Japanese language.
• Largest coral reef is in Australia.
• Colorado River forms Grand Canyon.
• River Rhine is in Western Europe.
• The Victoria Falls is located in Zimbabwe.
• Highest fall of world Angel Falls is on river Carrao Venezuela.
• Niagara fall is in North America b/w America & Canada.
• Ribbon fall is in North America.
• Silver Strand fall is in North America.
• Grand Canal is located in People‘s Republic of china.
• After Australia, Europe is the smallest continent.
• ‗Victoria falls‘ is located in Rhodesia.
• Deccan Plateau is in Asia.
• Asia is the largest continent and covers about 1/3 of the world‘s total land area.
• Both the highest and lowest points on the earth are found in Asia.
• The lowest point of Asia is Dead Sea which is about 397 meter below sea level.
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• Dead sea lying b/w Israel and Jordan.
• Asia Minor is a geographical expression, a part to Turkey.
• The world‘s longest river, the Nile is located in Africa.
• Africa is also known as Dark Continent.
• Highest point of South America is Mount Aconcagua (Argentina) and lowest point is Valdes
Peninsula (Argentina).
• Highest Point of North America is Mount Mckinley and the lowest point is Death Valley
(California, USA).
• Highest point of Africa is Kibo, a peak of Kilimanjaro (Tanzania) and lowest point is Lake
Assal (Djibouti).
• Highest point of Europe is Mount El‘brus and the lowest point is Caspian Sea.
• Highest point in Antarctica is Vinson Massif.
• Highest point in Australia is Mount Kosciusko (New South Wales) and the lowest point is
Lake Eyre (South Australia).
• The lowest point of the North America is the Death Valley located in California.
• Danube River flows in Austria.
• Victoria River is the chief source of River Nile.
• Dardanelles connects black Sea and Mediterranean.
• Black sea is so called because a dense fog prevails there in winter.
• The river Jordan flows out into the Dead sea
• River Mekong flows in Vietnam.
• River Thames flows in Southern England.
• River boat Gondola is used in Italy‘s city Venice.
• Hydespes River is now called the Jhelum River.
• The length of Panama Canal is 50072 miles.
• At the equator, the equation of the day is 12 hours.
• Meridan means mid-day.
• Shale is not a metamorphic rock
• Thar desert is located in Northwest India and East Pakistan
• Dsht-i-Lut desert is in Iran.
• The world‘s largest desert Sahara is located in Africa.
• Kalhari desert is in South Africa.
• Gobi desert is in Mongolia & China.
• The Atacama Desert is located in North Chile, South America.
• What is the worlds oldest desert – country named after it-Namib
• Namib Desert is in South-West Africa.
• Simpson Desert is in Australia.
• Great Victoria Desert is in Australia. • Arabian Desert is in Egypt.
• Death Valley desert is in California.
• Gibson Desert is in Australia.
• Great Sandy Desert is in Australia.
• Karakum desert is in Turkmenistan.
• Kavir Dasht Davir desert is in Iran.
• Nafud desert is in Saudi Arabia.
• Rub-el-Khali desert is in South Arabian peninsula.
• Sonoran desert is in Arizona to Mexico.
• Deserts in Asia are: Gobi, Karakum, Rub-al-Khali, Takla makan.
• Takla Makan desert is in Xinjing (China).
• Deserts in Africa are: Kalhari, Namib, and Sahara.
• St. Helena is in Atlantic Ocean.
• Largest island in Indian Ocean is Madagascar.
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• Sumatra is an island in Indonesia.
• The largest island in the world Greenland is located in North America. (chk)
• Greenland is geographically in America but politically in Europe.
• Kalaalit Nunaat (Greenland) Island (Denmark), the largest island is in North Atlantic
• New Guinea is world‘s second largest island.
• Virgin Island is a group of 100 Island in W.Indies.
• Canary Island is in Spain.
• The largest Island in the Mediterranean Sea is Sicily.
• Malaqasv (Madagascar) is in Indian Ocean.
• Baffin is in North Atlantic Ocean (Canadian).
• Sumatra is in Northest Indian Ocean (Indonesia).
• Neaw Zealand is in South Pacific Ocean.
• Borneo Island is in Pacific Ocean.
• Honshu Island is in North West Pacific.
• Great Britain Island is in North Atlantic.
• Victoria Island is in Arctic Ocean.
• Baffin Island is in Atlantic Ocean.
• Ellesmere Island is in Arctic Ocean.
• Galapagos Islands are in Pacific Ocean.
• Indonesia consists of 1300 islands.
• World‘s largest Delta is Sunderlands (India).
• Paracel Islands are of…. china vs Vietnam
• Which country owns the Hen and Chicken islands: North island New Zealand
• Indian city Mumbai consists of seven islands.
• The famous Island located at the mouth of the Hudson river is Manhattan
• Sugar Island is the located at the confluence of Ganga and the Bay of Bengal.
• Cathy Pacific is an island.
• Aero float is the airline of Russia.
• Al-Italia is the Italian international airlines.
• Royal Nepal‘s Airline is the name of Nepal‘s airline.
• Transworld Airway (TWA) belongs to USA.
• Scandinavian airlines operate in the countries Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.
• KLM is the oldest national airline of netherland.
• JAL is an airline of Japan.
• BOAC airline is of Great Britain.
• Garada is the airline of Indonesia.
• Qantas is an airline of Australia.
• The famous airport Dum Dum is located in Mombai (India).
• Chaklala airport is situated in Rawalpindi.
• Orly airport is located in Paris.
• Santa Cruz airport is in Mumbai.
• LOT is the national airline of what country-Poland
• TABSO is the national airline of which country-Bulgaria
• Lufthansa is an airlines from Germany
• Cathy Pacific is an airline of Hong Kong.
• What is Belgium’s national Airline- Sebina
• Biman is the airline of Bangladesh.
• Asiana is the airline of … South Korea
• A Curzon line is the polish-Russian frontier setup in 1945.
• Dead line is the line or boundary of a military prison, which prisoners are not allowed to
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• Green Line is a demarcation line between the Greek and Turkish Cypriot communities.
• Hindenburg line separates Germany from Poland.
• Pak-Iran border line was demarcated on 24th Sep: 1872.
• Line of control is b/w Azad Kashmir & Occupied Kashmir.
• Mc Mohan line is the boundary line between India and China. It was demarcated in 1914.
• Radcliff line is the boundary between Pakistan and India. It was demarcated in 1947 by Sir
Cyril Radcliff.
• 17th parallel line is the boundary line between North Vietnam and the South Vietnam.
• 24th parallel Line lies in Rann of Kutch. It is frontier between Pakistan and India.
• 38th Parallel line is the boundary between North and South Korea.
• 49th Parallel Line is the boundary line between Canada and the USA.
• Durand line is 1300 mile long frontier b/w Pakistan & Afghanistan demarcated in 1893-95.
it has over 200 passes.
• Maginot line is French line of fortification built in WWII along the German border form
Switzerland to Belgium. It divides France from Germany.
• Maginot line divides France from Germany.
• Mannerheim line was defensive fortification line on the Karelian Isthmus built by Finland
against the Soviet Union.
• Oder-neisse Line was boundary b/w Germany & Poland during WWII.
Name Founded Member Headquarter
• ADB- 1966- Headqarter at Philippines(Manila) and total 187 member countries
• Arab League- 1945- 22- Cairo(Eygpt)
• ASEAN- Aug 8, 1967- 10 member countries -Hq Jakarta, founded at Bangkok.
• Colombo Plan- 1st July 1951- Colombo (Srilanka)
• Common Wealth- 1931 HQ London. Total members 54
• D8- 15 June 1997- Founded at Turkey, HQ Turkey.
• ECO- Jan 1985- 8- Tehran.Total members 10
• ICJ- 1951- Hq in Hauge.
• ICRC- 1883- Geneva.
• NAM 1961
• OIC 22 to 25 Sep 1969- 57 member countries – Hq in Jeddah established in Rabat
• SAARC 8, 1985- 7- 8 Katmandu- established at Dhaka.
• NATO- 1949 Brussels.
• SEATO Sep 8, 1954 founder at Manila, ended in 1972
• UNO 24 Oct 1945 New York.
• Warsaw Pact 14th May 1955. Dissolved in 1991
• Term of non-permanent members of the Security Council is 2 years.
• General Assembly and Security Council appoints the judges of International Court of
• RCD was changed to ECO in Jan 1985.
• G-8 was established on 22 September 1985. G-8 was originally the G-5 but was expanded
when Canada, Italy and Russia jointed in June 1997.
• European Union came in to being on January 1, 2000, EU adopted Euro currency in 2001.
Its head quarter is in Brussels (Belgium).
• International Energy Agency was founded in 1974; its head quarter is in Paris (France).
• International Olympic Committee was formed in 1984; its head quarter is in Lausanne
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• The head quarter of international Red Cross and Red Crescent is in Geneva (Switzerland).
• Organization of Petroleum and Exporting Countries was founded in Baghdad in 1960; its
head quarter is in Vienna (Austria).
• The organization of Economic Cooperation and Development was founded in 1961; its
head quarter is in Paris (France).
• The world council of churches was established in 1948 in Amsterdam (Netherlands), its
headquarter is in Geneva (Switzerland).
• North American Free Trade Agreement, its origin lies in the free trade agreement signed
by the USA and Canada in 1989.
• The organization of African Unity was founded in 1963; its head quarter is in Addis Ababa
• The organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries was founded in 1968, its
headquarter is in Cairo (Egypt).
• Organization of American State was founded in 1948; its heat quarter is in Washington DC
• China became the member of the World Trade Organization on 11 December 2001
• OPANAL stands for Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America.It was
formed on 2nd December, 1969, its headquarter is in Mexico City.
• OECS stands of Organization of Eastern Caribbean States, established on 18th June, 1981.
• The head quarter of OECS is in Casries (St. Lucia).
• UN has 6 principle organ
• Security Council has 5 permanent members.
• The Economic and Social Council acts as coordinating body for the numerous specialized
agencies created by the UN. The council has 54 members elected for the term of 3 years.
• The international court of justice comprises 15 judges.
• The IBRD was established in 27th Dec 1945.
• Steel Pact was signed between Italy and Germany on 22nd May 1939 at Berlin.
• Camp David Accord made between Egypt and Israel on 17 Sep 1978.
• Locarno pact signed on 16th October, 1925, signed at Locarno.
• Four Power Pact was signed on 16th July, 1933 at Paris.
• CENTO was signed on 24th Feb, 1955 in Baghdad.
• Balkan Pact was signed on 9th Feb, 1934.
• Eisenhower Doctrine was announced in 1957.
• Entente Cordiale was formed in April 1904, the agreement was signed between England
and France.
• Dawes Plan was introduced in 1924.
• CTBT opened for signature from Sep 24, 1996.
• KELLOGG-Briand pact was signed by 15 states on 27th August, 1928, it was signed in
• Rio Summit was held in Rio-de-Janero on 14th 1992.
• Amnesty International is an international organization which works for the release of the
political prisoners. It was established by peter Bomenson in the year of 1961.
• In 1941 the Atlantic Charter was signed by Churchill and Roosevelt.
• Truman Doctrine——-announced on 12 March 1947 about the security of Greece and
• USSR and its allies signed Warsaw pact in the year 1955.
• The famous Dumbarton Oaks conference, which formulated proposals about UN charter,
was held in Dec 1944.
• On 14th August 1941, US president F.D Roosevelt and British Premier W. Churchill signed
the Atlantic Charter on a battle ship.
• Veraillies Treaty was signed in 1919.
• Bostan Tea party tool place in 1773.
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• The civil right act which was passed in USA in 1964 was the result of the March of 250000
people organized by Martin Luther king in 1963.
• The famous XYZ affair tool place when an American delegation visited England.
• Potsdam conference was held in 1945.
• Mamoon Abdul Gavvum (PM of Maldives) said SAARC is a brain child.
• Napolean I, first person to call English a nation of shopkeepers.
• Genius is one percent inspiration and 99 percent perspiration; these words are said by
Thomas A. Edison.
• Hippocrates said that extreme remedies are most appropriate for extreme disease.
• Archimedes said that give me but one firm spot on which to stand, and I will move the
• The Asian development bank established in 1966 with headquarter located at MANILA
• Eqypt , Iraq , jorden , Lebanon , Saudi Arab , Syria and Yemen are the founder nations of
the arab league.
• Asian development bank was established in 1966 with headquarter located at
• The International court of Justice is located in Hague,Holland
• WHO is not the principal organ of the United Nations.
• Declaration of Human Rights was adopted on Dec: 10, 1948.
• Green Peace has no formal structure and Secretariat.
• Who were the three statesmen who formulated Non-Aligned Movement (NAM): Nehru,
Nasser, Tito
• international headquarter of Transparency International (TI} is located in Berlin, Germany.
The founder of the organisation is Peter Eigen
• The permanent Secretariat of SAARC is established at: Khatmandu
• How many official working languages are recognized by UNO:6
• Who was the first Asian Secretary General of the United Nations? U. Thant
• Baden Powel was the founder of Boy Scout and Civil Guides Movement.
• CIS are 11 independent states of the former Soviet Union known as Commonwealth of
Independent States
• Head quarters of WWF are in Vienna, Austria.
• SAARC was formed in December, 1985.
• SAARC Human Resource Development Centre is located at Islamabad.
• HQ of Universal Postal Union is in Berne.
• New Zealand‘s Don McKinnon is the first secretary general of commonwealth.
• First Islamic Summit was held at Rabat in 1969.
• Second Islamic Summit was held at Lahore in 1974.
• 1n 1948 the UN drawn up a charter of civil and political rights.
• First Secretary General of UN was Tregav Lee of Norway.
• Kofi Anan got noble peace price in 2001.
• UNO world was coined by F.D Roosevelt.
• Kofi Anan is the 7th Secretary General of UNO.
• What was the first country to leave the United Nations-Indonesia
• The term of the judges of the international court of justice is 9 years.
• ILO is not an organ of the UN.
• First city to be placed under UN was Sarajevo.
• The UN observed 1998 as the human rights year with the theme ― All Human Rights for
• ICJ has 15 judges, any two of whom cannot be of the same nationality.
• UN Charter was signed on June 26, 1945 and came into force on October 24, 1945.
• Olive Branch is the emblem of the U.N.
• Five permanent members of U.N Security Council are China, France, Russia, UK and US.
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• UN Security Council has five permanent and 10 non-permanent members.
• Bangladesh is not a member of ASEAN.
• As per SAFTA agreement, India, Pakistan & Sri Lanka have to decrease their custom
duties to 0-5% by 2013.
• Estonia is not a member of CIS.
• Portuguese is not an official language of UN.
• ICJ has issued the arrest warrant of … Omar al Basher of Sudan
• The United States of America has used its veto power more than any other permanent
• G-7 is the group of seven rich industralial nations- Britain, Canada, France, Germany,
Italy, Japan and the US.
• The UNO originated during the second world war.Its charter was drawn up from 25th April
to 26th June, 1945 at San Francisco which was signed by 51 countries.
• In 1971 the people republic of china was given membership of UNO by expelling Taiwan.
• The UN Industrial Development Organization has its headquarters at Vienna.
• Initially, Arab league has seven countries.
• Headquarter of Arab League is located in Cairo. Arab League was established on 22nd
March 1945.
• Amnesty International was established in London by the British Lawyer, Peter Benenson in
• The International court of justice was constituted on 26th June 1945
• The Charter of United Nations consists of 111 articles.
• The Common Wealth of Australia came into existence in 1901.
• Article 55 of the UN Charter promotes international Human Rights.
• Territorial waters traditionally are recognized to extend how far from a state‘s coastline?
12 miles.
• A state‘s executive economic zone (EEZ) is recognized to extend how far from the
coastline? 12 miles
• ECOSOC has been established under chapter 10 of the UN charter
• United Arab Emirates is a federation of 7 Emirates.
• Switzerland joined the UN during 2002.
• African Development Bank was established in 1964.
• The principal organs of United Nations are Six.
• United Nations spends a lion‘s share of its budget on Refugees rehabilitations
• The UNO originated during the Second World War. Its charter was drawn up from 25th
April to 26th June, 1945 at San Francisco which was signed by 51 countries.
• Transparency International is based in Berlin.
• Where is the headquarter of the Amnesty International located: London
• Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted in 1948.
• Human Right Watch dog headquarter is in.. New York
• In which city World Economic forum usually holds its meetings? The World Economic
Forum (WEF) is a Geneva-based non-profit foundation best known for its annual meeting in
Davos, Switzerland
• Astronomers cannot be nominated for noble prize
• Marie curie twice won Noble Prize.
• First Nobel Prizes were awarded on 10 Dec: 1901.
• What country awards the Nobel peace prize- Norway
• Who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1972-Nobody
• Who was the first American to receive the Nobel Literature prize Sinclair Lewis
• Which Nobel Prize is not awarded annually in Stockholm Peace
• Mother Teresa was awarded Nobel Prize in the field of peace.
• The New York Times received five Pulitzer prizes of 2009 for investigative, breaking news
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and international reporting, feature photography and criticism.
• Four persons have been awarded Nobel Prize twice.
• Van‘t Hoff was the first Nobel Laureate in Chemistry.
• Wole Soyinka is a Nobel Prize winner for literature. He is from Nigeria.
• Which field was not included by Alfred Nobel originally… Economics
• Person getting the nobel peace prize in 2008 was of the country. Finland
• Alfred Nobel was born in Stockholm, Sweden, more than 150 years ago. In what year was
he born? Alfred Nobel was born in 1833
• What did Alfred’s father, Immanuel, do for a living? Alfred’s father was an engineer and
• Alfred Nobel never married.
• A future Nobel Laureate worked for a short period of time as Alfred Nobel’s secretary.
Who? Bertha von Suttner
• Alfred Nobel died on 10 December 1896, but not in Sweden, his home country. Where did
he die? Alfred Nobel died in San Remo, Italy.
• Why did Alfred Nobel establish a prize in his will? Alfred Nobel wanted to award the
greatest benefits to mankind.
• Which Nobel category does not yet have a single female laureate? Economics
• Who won the first Nobel Prize in Physics? Roentgen.
• Which single winner won the most number of Nobel Prizes? International Committee of the
Red Cross.
• Who was the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature? Rabindranath Tagore
• Mathematicsis not a valid Nobel Prize category.
• In what year did the most people decline their Nobel Prize? 1939
• Who was the only person to win the Nobel Prize twice — in Peace and Chemistry? Linus
• Who was the only person to win the Nobel Prize twice — in both Physics and Chemistry?
Marie Curie
• Name the six categories for which the prizes are awarded. Physics, Chemistry, Physiology
or Medicine, Literature, Peace and Economics.
• For which category was a Nobel Prize given starting 1969? Economics.
• Who awards the Peace Prize? The Norwegian Nobel Committee.
• Max Planck received the noble prize in Physics in 1918 for his discovery of: energy quanta
• Climate change campaigner Al Gore and the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate
Change have been jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
• Rabindra Nath Tagore was the first Indian/South Asian to win Nobel Prize. (Literature in
• Former US Vice-President Al Gore has won Noble Peace Prize 2007 for his campaign
against Global Warming.
• Mr Gore won an Oscar for his climate change film An Inconvenient Truth
• The first negro to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize was Ralph Johnson Bunche
• Rabindarnath Tagore won first Nobel Prize from South Asia.
• The first Muslim Nobel Laureate was: Anwar Sadaat of Egypt
• Nobel Prize holder UN institutions…..UNHCR, UAEA
• Who known as ‗Nightingale of India? Sarojinin Naidu
• Who is called as the ―Herodotus of Arabs‖? Abul Hassan Ali AI-Masudi
• Where was Albert Einstein born? Germany
• Heavy Mechanical Complex, Taxila was set up with the aid of China.
• Antarctica is the uninhabited continent of the world which is without any regular
• Turkey is the country having its land in two continents
• The world‘s longest current reigning monarch is Queen of England.
• The Cambodian Language is the language with most Alphabets. It has a total number of
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74 alphabets.
• Glaciers are found on every continent except Australia. The Lambert Glacier enjoys the
distinction of being the largest glacier in the world. It is located in the Australia Antarctic
Territory. Its length is 440 miles (700 km) and was discovered in 1956-57.
• • The lowest mountain range in the world is the Bhieuna Bhaile
• The country known as the Land of Cakes is Scotland
• The place known as the Garden of England is Kent
• The largest bay in the world is Hudson Bay, Canada
• The largest church in the world is Basilica of St.Peter,Vatican City,Rome
• The country whose National Anthem has only music but no words is Bahrain
• The largest cinema in the world is the Fox theatre,Detroit,USA
• The country where there are no Cinema theatres is Saudi arabia
• The country where military service is compulsory for women is Israel
• The largest city of Africa is Cairo
• The most densely populated Island in the world is Honshu
• The first man to reach Antarctica was Fabian Gotileb
• Oldest surviving building in world is pyramids of Egypt.
• K-2 is also known as Godwin Austin, first climbed by Ardito Desio 1956.(Karakram range
in Pakistan)
• Mount Everest is the highest mountain located in Himalaya (Nepal — Tibet).
• Mount Everest was named after Sir George Everest.
• Mozambique has the lowest GNP.
• The biggest airport in the world is King Khalid situated in Saudi Arabia.
• Largest palace is in Brunei.
• Longest underground railway Tunnel is in Moscow.
• •
• • Country with largest budget is USA.
• The highest birth rate is of Malawi.
• Peru with lowest birth rate.
• Country with most billionaires is USA.
• Monaco has the shortest coast line.
• The biggest Square the Tiananmen Square is in China.
• Largest Tomb the mount li tomb is in China.
• The longest cricket match between England and South Africa in 1939 abandoned after 10
• Largest number of school is in China.
• Largest fort, Fort George situated in UK.
• • Largest exhibition centre is in Germany.
• Lake Victoria is the largest lake of Africa.
• The film Ben Hur won the most (11) Oscur Awards in 1959.
• Largest capital is Ottawa.
• Largest delta is in Bengal created by the river Bharamputra and the Ganges.( Sundrbans )
• Hottest place is Aziziyah, Libya.
• Driest place is Atacama Desert in Chile.
• Most spoken language is Mandarin Chinese.
• Oldest civilization is Sumerian civilization (Mesopotamia).
• Oldest town is Jericho (Jordan).
• Largest land mammal is African Elephant.
• Longest strait is the Strait of Malacca which seperat Malaysia and Indonesia.
• Tallest animal is Giraffe.
• First Muslim dynasty in India is slave dynasty.
• Lowest birth rate and highest death rate is of Peru.
• A richest woman is Queen Elizabeth.
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• The largest of oil consumer is USA.
• Busiest airport is O‘Hare International Airport at Chichago (USA).
• Oldest capital city is Damascus (Syria).
• Largest metropolitan is Mexico City.
• Longest canal is Volga Batlic canal.
• Longest day 21 June and shortest day December 22.
• Largest diamond is Cullinan.
• Longest big ship canal is Eurasia Ship Canal with length 700 km, which connects Caspian
Sea and Black sea.
• The Bamboo has the fastest growth rate ever green grass. It grows up to 3 feet in 24
• Largest peninsula is Arabian Peninsula.
• The river which carries maximum quantity of water into the sea is the Mississippi
• Volentina Treshkova (USSR) was the first woman astronaut who orbited the earth in the
year 1983.
• The American astronaut Neil Armstrong was the first man to steps on the surface of moon
on 21 July 1969.
• The largest producer of cotton is USA.
• The largest producer of Jute is Bangladesh.
• The largest producer of Rice , Silk , wheat, tin , gold , grows the most fruit , Largest
country by population , country grew the first Orange , most tobacco , where Ice Cream
invented and county first used pepper is China.
• The largest producer of Steel and aluminium is USA.
• The largest producer of Sugar and Tea is India.
• The largest producer of Wool is Australia.
• The largest producer of oil is Saudi Arabia.
• The largest producer of coffee is Brazial
• The world‘s leading banking center is Zurich.
• World‘s largest fish catching country is China.
• Muhammad Fathullah Khan Kandahari’s translation: Printed in 1861, Bhopal, India, It is
the first known translation of the holy Qur’an in Pashto
• First translation of the Quran into a Western language was made into Latin. It was carried
out by Robertus Rotenesis and Hermannus Dalmata in 1143
• South China Sea is the largest sea.
• What animal has the best hearing-Bats
• What country had the first banknotes-Sweden China paper not banknotes
• Which country grows the most sugar-Brazil
• Name the largest Mediterranean island-Sicily
• In 1901 who first transmitted radio signals across Atlantic: Marconi
• What is the worlds oldest monotheistic religion: Judaism
• Where was the first Miss World contest held in 1951-London
• The largest bell in the world is the Tsar Kolkol at Kremlin,Moscow
• The biggest stadium in the world is the Strahov Stadium,Prague
• The country which has the greatest population density is Monaco
• The first President of Egypt was Mohammed Nequib
• The primary producer of newsprint in the world is Canada
• The first explorer to reach the South Pole was Cap.Ronald Amundson
• The airplane was used in war for the first time by Italians(14 Oct.1911)
• United State has most TV stations in the world.
• China has most land frontiers with16 neighboring countries.
• The first man to circumnavigate the world was Magellan.
• The world‘s poorest country with a lowest per capita income is Burundi after that congo.
• First test tube baby Louise Brown (England) was born in 1978.
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• USA is the largest nuclear electric power producing country in the world. It produces
98,784 MW electricity which is about 30% of the total nuclear electricity generated in the
• Robert E. Perry (1856-1920) an American explorer reached North Pole on 6th April, 1909
for the first time in human history.
• Highest % of land under cultivation is in India.
• Canal Street is the widest street in USA.
• Fastest animal is cheetah.
• Slowest animal is Snail 2 to 3 feet per minute.
• Fastest bird is Peregrine Falcon.
• Bird that never makes its nest is Cuckoo.
• Wingless bird is Kiwi.
• Highest capital is La Paz (Bolivia).
• Biggest city (by population) is Tokyo.
• Largest coral formation is The Great Barrier Reef (Australia).
• Highest country is China (Tibet region).
• Highest dam is Rogunsky in Tajkistan.
• Largest concrete dam is The Grand Coulee, USA.
• Largest diamond mine is Kimberley (South Africa).
• Lightest gas is hydrogen.
• Largest gorge is Grand Canyon.
• Largest Island is Greenland.
• Largest man-made lake is Lake Mead Arizona.
• Longest lifespan of animal is of Giant tortoise.
• Largest mammal is Blue whale.
• Highest melting point is of Tungsten, 3410° C.
• Tallest mountain range is The Himalaya range with 96 of world‘s 109 tallest peaks.
• Longest mountain range is Andes (South America).
• Largest Commercial Ocean is Atlantic Ocean.
• Mediterrian Sea means ‗sea in the middle of land‘.
• Ocean shrinking and growing is Atlantic Ocean.
• Fastest ocean swimmer is Sailfish (68 mph).
• Longest poisonous snake is King Cobra.
• Largest port is Rotterdam (Netherlands).
• Largest river basin and volume is Amazon (Brazil).
• Largest sea bird is Albatross.
• Tallest statue is Spring Temple Buddha (china).
• Largest suspension bridge is Verazano-Narrows, NY.
• Longest swimming course is English Channel, UK.
• Broadest strait is Mozambique.
• Largest temple is Angkor Vat (Cambodia).
• Highest town is Wenchuan, Tibet (China).
• Tallest tower is Tokyo Sky Tree (Japan).
• Highest volcano is Cotapaxi (Ecuador).
• Longest wall is Great Wall of China 1550 miles(6700km) long, which is built in 214 BC.
• Highest waterfall is Angel (Venezuela)
• Lowest body of water is Dead Sea.
• Biggest zoo is Etosha National Park, Namibia.
• In 776 First Olympic Games were played in Greece.
• Alexander invaded India in battle of Hydaspes.
• Emperor Theodesius banned the Olympic Games.
• Sun and Moon pyramids are in Mexico.
• Rainfall related to mountains is Orographic rainfall.
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• Bangladesh has a dispute over the construction of a dam on Naaf River with Myanmar.
• The thinnest earth layer is Crust.
• Name of the second largest river of Africa is The Congo.
• Khunjra Pass connects Pakistan with China.
• Chile is the largest copper producing country in the world.
• The country where death rate is lowest in the world is Japan.
• Lithuania was the first Soviet Republic of the former Soviet Union which declared itself
• Madagaskar is the largest island in the Indian Ocean.
• Ferdinand Magellan commanded the first expedition in 1590 to sail round the world and
discovered passage to the Pacific from the Atlantic. He proved that the shape of the earth is
• Suez Canal is the largest ship canal in the world. It joins Red Sea with Mediterranean Sea.
The plan of the Suez Canal was conceived by Ferdinand de Lesseps.
• Largest sugar producing country is India second is Brazil.
• The North Atlantic Route is the largest and busiest of the ocean trade routes.
• World‘s oldest regligion is Hinduism and largest religion is Christianity.
• World‘s second most populous city is Mexico City.
• Largest number of Palestinian refuges is in Jordan.
• Kazakistan is the largest country in Central Asia.
• Largest landlocked country in world is Kazakistan and 2nd Mongolia.
• Biggest oil refinery is at Abadan (Iran).(Reliance _ India)
• Glasgow is biggest ship building centre.
• Havana is famous for cigar manufacturing.
• Oldest Search Engine is … Yahoo
• Only Hindu kingdom in World is Nepal.
• Who was the first man to fly across the channel: Louis Bleriot
• The largest state in the USA is Alaska.
• Which of the following countries of South-West Asia leads in the production of oil? Saudi
• What is the smallest state of Australia-Tasmania
• Paris and What other capital had the worlds first telephone link-Brussels
• What is the oldest known science- Astronomy
• What is the worlds most popular first name-Mohammed
• People`s republic of china has the largest army of the world.
• Khan Mehtarzai is the highest railway station in Asia.
• Maximum quantities of diamonds are found in Africa.
• The highest rainfall for one month was recorded at Indian town of Cherapoonje. 366.14
inches rain fell there during the month of july 1861.
• Light is the fastest thing in the universe.It travels at a phenomenal speed of 186,000
miles per second.
• Takla Makan is in China is the driest desert in Asia.
• King of Malaysia is the only king in the world who is elected for 5 years term.
• Largest oil company belong to USA is The Exxon Corporation.
• The busiest shopping centre of London is Oxford Street
• ―Panch pokhari trekking‖ (highest lake) is non touristy trekking trail in Nepal. Panch
Pokhari is named after 5 holy ponds and Hindus religiously respect the place. Panch Pokhari
Lake is just northeast of Kathmandu toward snow wall.
• Oil is the most traded product in the world what is the second-Coffee
• Which country makes the most films per year- India
• first man to set foot on all five continents- Captain Cook
• What country drink the most milk per capita-Iceland
• What country consumes the most fish per capita-Japan
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• What was the first country to recognise the US as independent-Morocco
• Who was the first person to wear a wristwatch- Queen Elizabeth.
• Ambedkar, B.R is known as the architect of the Indian Constitution.
• Apsra is the first nuclear reactor of India.
• Aquaculture refers to fish-farming or fish culture.
• Baku is famous for the production of petroleum.
• Blue revolution relates to fish farming.The readings of a Fahrenheit and a Centigrade
temperature is the same at -40°.
• Gregory Mendel is called the Father of Genetics.
• Fenugreek seeds can benefit a patient of diabetes mellitus by normalizing his blood sugar
• It is the President and not the PM who presides over the cabinet meetings in France.
• Ikebana is the Japanese art of flower arrangement.
• Inflation means an increase in the amount of paper money which tends to raise general
price level of commodities. It is a comparative figure showing cost of living, production
prices, etc as compared with a base year. Debtors are likely to benefit by Inflation.
• James Bond is a character in the novels written by Ian Fleming.
• Jana-gana-mana is India‘s National Anthem.
• Thomas Jefferson authored American Declaration of Independence.
• Laos is the only land-locked country in South-East Asia.
• Last Supper is a famous Renaissance painting by Leonardo da Vinci.• Montesquieu gave
the theory of separation of power.
• Mother Teresa was born in Albania in 1910.
• New Moore Island is situated in the Bay of Bengal.
• Parliament of Switzerland is known as Federal Assembly.
• Pasumpatinath temple is in Nepal.G.J. Mendel is known as founder of genetics.Pulitzer
Prizes are awarded to Americans for excellence in journalism. Red Cross Movement was
launched by J.H. Dunant in 1864.
• A team of men in opposition to take over the different portfolios in case the party is able
to wrest power is known as Shadow Cabinet.
• Shahtoosh is the finest, warmest and lightest wool in the world produced in Uzbekistan.
• The Road Ahead is written by Bill Gates.
• United Kingdom consists of England, Northern Island, Scotland & Wales.
• Qutub Minar made by Iltutmish, Gol Gumbaz made by Mohammad Adil Shah, Buland
Darwaza made by Akbar and Moti Masjid made by Aurangzeb.
• The agreement between India and China, by which both accepted Panchsheel as the basis
of their relations, was signed in 1954
• In which city was the famous black hole: Calcutta
• Whose autobiography was the long walk to Freedom: Nelson Mandela
• Which American state is nicknamed The Diamond State: Delaware
• Zambia and Zimbabwe used to be called what: Rhodesia
• Oil seed rape belongs to which plant family: Mustard
• What is the staple food of one third of the worlds population: Rice
• What digit does not exist in Roman Numerals: Zero
• Who was nicknames The desert Fox (both Names): Erwin Rommel
• Which European country is divided into areas called Cantons: Switzerland
• Who created Tarzan (all names) in 1914: Edgar Rice Burroughs
• Who is the only American president elected unopposed: George Washington
• Which countries men use the most deodorant: Japan
• From what language does the word alphabet come: Greek -alpha beta
• On what is the Mona Lisa painted: Wood
• Who rode a horse called Bucephalus: Alexander the Great
• The Koh-i-Nor is a famous diamond – what does the name mean: Mountain of Light
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• Who was the Goddess of the rainbow: Iris
• Which animals can live longest without water: Rats
• Which fruit contains the most protein: Avocado
• A muster is a group of which birds: Peacocks
• Gossima was the original name of what game: Table Tennis
• Minerva is the Goddess of what: Wisdom
• USA has most airports which country has second most: Australia
• In 1829 Walter Hunt invented what common item: Safety Pin
• What is the oldest known infectious disease: Leprosy
• In which city is the worlds oldest tennis court from 1496: Paris
• Who said Politics is the art of the possible 11 Aug 1867: Otto Von Bismarck
• In which country did Turkeys originate: USA
• What colour is worn for funerals in Egypt: Yellow
• In what country did red onions originate: Italy
• What job did Ernest Hemmingway do in WW1: Ambulance Driver
• What was the name of the Roman God of sleep-Somnos
• What does the name Ghengis Khan mean-Very Mighty Ruler
• What is the most common disease in the world-Dental Caries
• The name of which countries capital means good air-Argentina – Buenos Aires
• The USA president lives in the White House – Who Blue House-President of South Korea
• What does an aronophobe fear -Internet
• What county has its map on its flag-Cyprus
• Lucknow is a city in India – and what other country-Canada
• Which animal has legs but cant walk- Hummingbird
• What is the sacred animal of Thailand-White Elephant
• What animal is the symbol of long life in Korea-Deer
• What animal was the symbol of freedom in ancient Rome-Cat
• Time Magazine named what as the Man of the Year 1982-The Computer
• The United Nations in New York were originally where-San Francisco
• In what country is the northernmost point of Africa-Tunisia
• Napoleon had a fear of what – Aelurophobia-Cats
• In the Bible who built the ancient city of Babylon-Nimrod
• In what country did stamp collecting start -France
• Where do the White and Blue Niles join-Khartoum – in Sudan
• What plant has flowers but no leaves-Cactus
• Who was the Roman Goddess of peace-Pax
• What country has a Bible on its flag-Dominican Republic
• The Invisible Empire is better known as what-Klu Klux Klan
• What European countries flag is square-Switzerland
• What bird has the most feathers per square inch-Penguin
• A dog is canine – what animal is ovine-Sheep
• A cat is feline – what animal is murine-Mouse or Rat
• What countries nation anthem is Land of Two Rivers-Iraq
• Queen Alexandria’s is the worlds largest what-Butterfly 1 foot wing
• Who said “The child is the father of the man”-Wordsworth
• There are over 130000 species of what on earth-Butterflies
• There are more telephones than people in what city-Washington USA
• If you landed at Arlanda airport where would you be-Stockholm Sweden
• What country declared itself first atheist state in 1967-Albania – banned religion
• What is Canada’s oldest city founded in 1608-Quebec
• 72% of what country is covered by forest- Finland
• The Red Rose City has what more common name in Jordan-Petra
• What flower is the symbol of culture-The Lotus
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• In what prison did Nelson Mandela spend 19 of 27 years in jail-Robben Island
• Monology is the study of what- Stupidity
• What country is the worlds oldest functioning democracy-Iceland
• Where was volleyball invented-France
• What gives onions their distinctive smell- Sulphur – taken in when growing
• Where are the glasshouse mountains- Queensland Australia
• What animals name translate from Arabic as He who walks fast Giraffe – from Xirapha
• What place is nicknamed “The City of Lilies”- Florence
• What place was nicknamed “The Pearl of the Orient”-Manilla – Philippines
• What countries name translates as lion mountains- Sierra Leone
• In WW2 what was the German codename for invasion of Russia- Barberossa
• First American state to enter the union 7 Dec 1787- Delaware Pennsylvania second
• old man in The Old Man and the Sea named Santiago
• unit of sound named after- Alexander Graham Bell – Decibel
• first space probe to land on the moon 13 Sept 1959 Luna 2
• What city was known as Christiana until 1925- Oslo – Sweden
• Countries on 2 continents Russia and Turkey (Asia Europe) and Egypt – Africa and Asia
• In WW2 the Germans launched operation Bernhard – what Counterfeit British Notes
• What country had three presidents – in the same day-Mexico
• There are 300 distinct different types of what food-Honey
• What country has three capital cities Admin Legislate Judicial-South Africa
• Countries name means Place where one struggles with God-Israel
• Ecuador was named after who / what-The Equator
• The Davis Strait lies between Canada and where-Greenland / Baffin
• Children take SATs what does SAT stand for-Standard assessment tasks
• A lion and a sword appear on what countries flag-Sri Lanka
• What is sometimes nicknamed Adams Profession-Gardener
• What is the word Taxi short for-Taximeter
• Name the Hong Kong stock exchange-Hang Seng
• What is a bandy bandy-A Snake
• The New Testament originally written in what language-Greek
• The Black Death came to England from what port-Calais
• What is the currency of Egypt-The Pound
• After English what’s the most widely used language on the net-German
• The word Angel derives from the Greek meaning what-Messenger
• What is measured on the Torro scale -Tornados
• Sicily is the traditional source of which element- Sulphur
• Who was the first person to wear a wristwatch- Queen Elizabeth 1st
• What city is at the mouth of the Menam river- Bangkok
• Ireland and New Zealand are the only countries that lack what Native Snakes
• In Hindu philosophy what does Yoga literally mean- Union
• Which sea is sometimes called the Euxine Sea- Black Sea
• The Wright brothers made aircraft but what was their other job: Bicycle manufacturers
• What is the official language of Cuba-Spanish
• Who was the last Emperor of France-Napoleon III
• What country does China have its longest land border with: Mongolia
• In which country did the study of geometry originate -Egypt
• What was the capitol of Russia before Moscow-Saint Petersburg And who designed itMichelangelo
• What was Ghandi’s profession- Lawyer
• What does Magna Carta literally mean- Great Charter
• What country is coffee originally from- Ethiopia
• What is the currency of Turkey- Lira
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• Which worlds city is known as The Golden City: Prague Czech
• Which country contains every type of climate in the world:New Zealand
• The Afghan Taliban use which colour of flag- White
• What was Queen Victoria’s first name- Alexandria
• In Sanskrit it means House of Snow – what does-Himalayas
• What was the White House formerly known as – Executive Mansion
• Which country consumes the most chicken per capita: Saudi Arabia
• What does Honolulu mean in Hawaiian- Sheltered Harbour
• Which fruit is the symbol of hospitality- Pineapple
• Which city is built on 118 islands- Venice
• In WW1 what warning device was on the top of Eiffel Tower: Parrots
• What is sometimes referred to as Zulu time- Greenwich mean time
• Which vegetable is 91% water – Cabbage
• Edible part of tomato is whole fruit.
• One micron is equal to One-thousandth of a millimeter.
• First world war was began on 1914 A.D. and second world war started in 1939 when
germany attacked on poland, it is also considered as Greatest war.
• The maximum ever temperature of 136.4 F was recorded on september 13,1922 in the
city Azizia (Libya) and The minimum temperature of -129.6 F was recorded in the town of
Vostok near Antarctica on 24th august , 1960.
• The Umayyad Dynasty (661-750 A.D) was the first Muslim dynasty.
• The earth is the densest planet of universe .It has density of 5.515 time that of water.
• The panch pokhri lake situated in the himalaya mountains is the highest lake in the world.
• Mahavira(founder of jainism)and gautama buddha (founder of buddism) were
contemporaries and flourished in india in the 6th century B.C.
• The three pyramids of eqypt were built from 2700 to 2500 B.C.,these are tombs of
khufu,khafra and menkaura.
• The great wall of china was completed in 214 B.C.it is 1500 miles long.Its average height
is 25 feet and about 12 feet wide at the top.
• The city rome was founded in 753 B.C. by romolus.
• The muslim rule of spain lasted from 711 to 1492 A.D.
• The statue of liberty (newyork) was installed in 1886.It is 151 feet one inch high from the
base to torch.
• The world is divided into 24 time zones,each 15` longtitude wide. the longitudinal
meridian passing through greenwich,England is the starting point and is called the prime
• Christopher columbus discovered bahamas on 12 oct 1492 A.D.
• Russia invaded afghanistan on dec 27,1979.
• A billion contain 1000 million. It has 9 zeroes. similarly a trillion has 12 zeroes,a
quadrillion 15 zeroes,a quintillion 18 zeroes and a decillion 33 zeroes.
• One inch is equal to 2.5400 cms and one mile is equal to 1.6093 kms.
• About half of the world population speaks indo-european languages. The Indo-European
branch to which english belongs is germanic.
• Out of the 193 sovereign independent nations of the world 147 are republics and other 46
are under personal rules (14 kings,1 emperor,3 queens,7 hereditary sheikhs,1 grand duke,2
sultans,1 constitutional monarch etc).
• All india mulim league was formulated on december 30,1906 and first president was Sir
Agha Khan.
• Afghanistan got independence on 19th aug 1919.
• Sunlight is composed of seven colours
• “Braille system” is used for the education of Blind.
• Lousis Braille of France made it possible for the blind to read and write.
• Blue color has shortest wavelength(Red-Largest)
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• Protein is a natural polymer
• Redwood or Giant Sempervirens is the tallest tree in the world . It rises up to a height of
111 metres (366 feets).
• Pakistan-Afghanistan border ‘ Durand line ‘ was drawn in 1893 by Sir Mortimer Durand
and Afghanistan`s ruler Abdur rehman khan.
• Asian Development Bank was established on 16th jan, 1966 (Headqurter in ManiliaPhilipine).
• Radcliff was a lawyer by profession.
• In 1945, Hiroshima was the first city Atom bomb dropped.
• Leo Tolstoy was the political guru of Gandhi.
• South Africa is the country which has three capitals.
• A piece of land surrounded by water on three sides is known as ―peninsula “.
• The literal meaning of Renaissance is Revival
• Julius Caesar was killed by Brutus
• Adolf Hitler was born in Austria
• Slavery in America was abolished by Abraham Lincoln
• The famous Island located at the mouth of the Hudson river is Manhattan
• The famous painting `Mona Lisa’is displayed at Louvre museum,Paris
• The earlier name for tomato was Love apple
• Archimedes was born in Sicily
• Togo is situated in Africa
• The first ruler who started war games for his soldiers was Genghis Khan
• The name of the large clock on the tower of the House of Parliament in London is called
Big Ben
• `Man is a Tool Making Animal’ was said by Benjamin Franklin
• Blue Mosque is in Istanbul.
• Camp David is famous for Camp David Accord, which took place between Egypt and
Israel. It is located in USA.
• Jaffna is the headquarters of LTTE guerillas in Sri Lanka.
• Akal Takht is a place of confession of Penance in the Golden Temple complex, it has been
the spiritual and temporal seat of authority of Sikh since 1906.
• Hanging garden of Babylon is situated in Baghdad and was planted in 603 B.C; this is
included in seven wonder of the world.
• Leaning tower of Pisa, it was built in 12th Century, it is located in Italy.
• The famous Empire State Building in located in New York.
• Bermuda Triangle is in Caribbean region.
• Bermuda is the colony of UK.
• Lumbin is the birthplace of Gautam Budh, it is in Nepal.
• Dehro Dun is located in UP (India), it is famous for its military academy.
• Yellow Stone National Park is in USA.
• The Indonesian island Bali is famous for Temples.
• Great Wall of China can be seen from the moon, the total length of the wall is 1684 miles
or 6000 kms, it was built in the reign of Shih Huang-ti (246-210) BC.
• Abu Simbal is the famous temple in Egypt.
• Adam‘s bridge is 17 miles long line of rock and sand bank between India and Sri Lanka.
• Mermaid Statue is in Copenhagen.
• Temple mount is located in Jerusalem.
• Buland Darwaza is situated near Agra its height is 176 feet.
• Jordan is an Islamic country which has boundary with many countries.
• Break up of Germany occurred on 1945 and merger on Oct 3, 1990.
• Iraq occupied Kuwait on 2nd Aug 1990.
• Indonesia has 13000 islands.
• Japan is an archipelago.
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• Namibia is administrated by South Africa.
• UAE is the federation of 7 Emirates.
• Bosnia Herzegovina became independent on Jan 17, 1996.
• Kosovo mostly consists of Albanian Muslims.
• Baltic States is the name given to the European countries like Lithuania, Latvia and
• Spanish is the official language of Argentina.
• The majority of Japan‘s Population is by religion Shinto.
• The term Boxer Rebellion is associated with China.
• Philippines comprises of 7000 tropical islands.
• Aukland and Christ Church are the major cities of New Zealand.
• Melbourne is the capital city of Australian city Victoria.
• Berlin was approved as a capital on 20th June 1991.
• Manchester is the city of Great Britain famous for textile industry.
• The criminals of the Second World War were trailed in the city of Nuremburg.
• Mauna Loa (USA) is the largest active volcano of the world.
• Robert Mugabe is the personality of Zimbabwe.
• Newton was English and Goethe was German in origin.
• Hazrat Bullay Shah was a famous Sufi poet of Punjabi language. His tomb is in the city of
• Haroon ur Rashid belonged to Abbasid dynasty.
• Firdusi was a Persian poet.
• President Roosevelt of USA delivered his famous Four Freedoms speech in 1941.
• Duke of Wellington was of England.
• F.D Roosevelt was elected as president for three times.
• Pablo Picasso was born in Spain and settled in Paris.
• Ajmeer is fomous for a sufi saint‘s tomb named Khawaja Moin ud Din Chisti.
• Lloyd George of Great Britain represented in treaty of Versailles.
• British rules over India about 90 years.
• Shogun period (1603-1867) is related to Japan.
• There are 5 lending religions in the world.
• In Opium war Britain fought against China.
• At the end of Second World War in 1945, Germany was divided among 4 major powers.
• Akbar the great ruled the India from 1556-1605 A.D.
• Before Independence East Timor was being ruled by Indonesia.
• Imam Ayatullah Khumani Brought about an Islamic revolution in Iran by ousting Shah
Reza Shah in the year 1979.
• Doer war fought between South Africa and British.
• People‘s Republic of chine gained its independence in 1949 under the leadership of MaoZedong. In China the Cultural Revolution lasted from 1966-1969.
• Sumerian Civilization were settled in Euphrates and Tigris regions.
• Civil War of USA lasted from 1861-1865.
• Hong Kong was returned to china on 1 July 1997.
• A French economist named Francois Quesnay proposed the concept of Laissez-Faire in the
18th Century.
• The name of Mesopotamia was changes to Iraq in the year 1935.
• American war of Independence started in 1776 and came to an end in 1783.
• In 1982 the Falklands war was fought between Britain and Argentina.
• Sadam Hussain Became President in 1979.
• After breakup Grobachev became president of USSR.
• Pearl Harbor incident took place on 7th Dec 1941.
• The currency Euro was launched on 1 Jan 1999.
• Alexander died in Babylon in 322 B.C.
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• Mohen jo Daro was founded by Sir John Marshall, also know as mound of dead. The
people residing there were traders by profession. There is found of statue of bull, which
denotes that people were worshippers of it.
• Taj Mahal is locted in Agra, the white marble mausoleum built by shah Jahan in the
memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal in 1529. It was designed by Shiraz (Iranian
Architect) over twenty years.
• Taxilla is the ancient city of the province of Punjab. It is the site of ancient archeological
• Industrial Revolution first started in Britain(1917).
• The Marshal Plan was announced on 5th June 1947 at Harvard.
• Statue of liberty is 151 feet tall. It is made of copper, located in the Liberty Island in New
York. It was presented by France to US. It unveiled in 1886.
• The original residents of India before the arrival of the Aryan were Dravidi
• Buddhism is non-theistic religion.
• Majority of the population of Vietnam comprise of Buddhist.
• A group of Nightingales is called a Watch.
• Northern Europe is known with Scandinavian Region and Nordic Region.
• Countries Area wise-Russia-Canada-China-USA-Brazil-Pakistan-Bangladash.
• Virtue party belongs to Turkey.
• The Gurkhas are the original inhabitants of Nepal.
• The term ―In Camera‖ is used for the trial of case when case is heard without reporting to
• Latin term De Jure means by Law.
• The word Iron Curtain was used by Winston Churchill.
• Reconciliation means when third party investigates and suggests a solution to a dispute.
• Tax on import and Export is called Tariff.
• Stone Age is also known as Paleolithic period.
• Sugar Island is the located at the confluence of Ganga and the Bay of Bengal.
• Agraphia means inability to write.
• King Faisal is called ―The Islamic Coordinator‖.
• The creator of ―Mona Lisa‖ belonged to Italy.
• The Labor party believes in Socialism.
• The US Senate comprises 100 members.
• ―The Sun also Rises‖ is written by Earnest Hemingway.
• Black Death reaches England in 1348.
• Intifada denotes Palestinian uprising.
• Caucasus is situated between Caspian and Black Sea.
• Kabul in the largest city of Afghanistan.
• In 1783 Britain acknowledged the independence of USA in Treaty of Paris.
• Term the belief in the ―rightness‖ of rule is legitimacy.
• Tyranny is the form of government in which one person rules arbitrarily.
• Barbers invaded North Africa before Arabs.
• Popular name of Canada is Land of Maple.
• Indian city, Ahmedabad, is associated to textile industry.
• ‗National People‘s Assembly‘ belongs to Algeria.
• Aeroflot is Russia‘s airline.
• Bakhtar is the news agency of Afghanistan.
• Croix de Guerre is the highest military award of France.
• Som is the currency of Uzbekistan.
• Machiavelli was born in Florence.
• Montesquieu wrote ‗the spirit of laws‘.
• Rousseau was born in Geneva.
• Bentham is the father of utilitarianism.
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• Lenin was a Bolshevik leader.
• Hitler‘s theory of the state is known as National Socialism.
• John Locke advocated basic human rights.
• Montesquieu was a political sociologist.
• Mao joined communist party in 1921.
• Cease fire between Iran and Iraq took place in 1988, by the intervention of U.N.
• 8 furlongs make one mile.
• Balloki barrage is located on Ravi.
• Loan to a corporation is ‗debt funding‘.
• Khadija Mastoor wrote Angan.
• Imam Ghazali is the author of Ihya-ul-Uloom.
• Boxing is called ‗noble art of self defence‘.
• 50 nations are there in Africa.
• Fort Monroe is located at Suleiman hills.
• Derawar fort is located in Cholistan Desert.
• Relli is the name of a game.
• Al Beruni discovered that light travels faster than sound.
• Due to buffer system, human blood has a ph of 7.4.
• General secretariat of the European parliament is in Luxemburg.
• On 2nd August, 1990, Iraq occupied Kuwait.
• The city of Jerusalem is known as ‗Al Quran‘.
• Headquarter of PLO is in Ramallah; it is founded in 1964.
• In East Jerusalem ‗wailing wall‘ is a sacred place of Jews.
• Hindenburg line is a boundary line between Poland and Germany.
• Changa Manga, part of Punjab, is famous for Sheesham Timber forest.
• Karl Marx belonged to Germany.
• ‗Bear‘ is a symbol of Russia.
• King Faisal was shot dead by his nephew in 1975, in the city of Riyadh.
• Samudar Gupta is called ‗Napoleon of India‘.
• The theme of the famous play ‗Caesar and Cleopatra‘ by G.B. Shah is a History.
• The reign of Razia Sultana lasted for 4 years.
• ‗Gita or Vedas‘ are the holy books of Hindus.
• Khalid bin Waleed had been titled as ‗saif-ullah‘.
• Uqba-bin-Nafah is called ‗Muslim Alexander‘.
• ‗Lords‘ is famous a cricket ground in England.
• During the civil war the supporter of the parliament came to be called Roundheadssupporters of OLIVER CROMWELL and the parliamentarians against KING CHARLES 1 during
• The queen can do no wrong means the queen is immune from the jurisdiction of law.
• The federal government of the USA came into existence on 30th April, 1787.
• In America the residuary powers are vested in the sates.
• Virginia, one of US states, is called the MOTHER OF PRESIDENTS.
• The anti federalists later on assumed new name ‗CAVALIERS‘.
• The American declaration of independence was issued in 1783.
• ‗The pharos of Alexandria ‗, an ancient wonder, was situated in an Island near Alexandria
was a light house.
• PM Indira Gandhi was assassinated by Sikhs in 1984.
• ‗Blue mosque‘, also known as the mosque of ‗Sultan Ahmad‘, is the only mosque in the
world that has six minarets, and it is situated in Istanbul.
• Omar bin Abdul Aziz was a caliph of Umayyad dynasty.
• Mizzini was known as the ‗the prophet of Italian Unification‘.
• Baba Farid Gang Shakar was the first Punjabi poet.
• National game of Switzerland is skiing.
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• UAE consists of seven independent states. Abu Dhabi, Sharjah, Fujaira are three of the
seven states.
• Safety stock of the grains hold by the government is ‗overhead stock‘.
• General sales tax, under the constitution 1973 is a Federal subject.
• House of lord is the final court of appeal in England.
• Two terms tenure of US parliament was fixed in 1951.
• The federalists later on assumed new name, Republic
• The lower house of France consists of National assembly.
• All light waves have same frequency.
• Buddhism accounts for 100% total population in Bhutan.
• Mauritius is the part of the world that is known as ‗star and key of the Indian ocean‘.
• Tower of silence is Place where dead remains of followers of Zoroastrian are placed after
funeral rituals.
• Shah Jehan is called the ‗master builder‘.
• Pristine is the capital of Kosovo.
• To show the distribution of people of Pakistan we should use ‗Do method‘.
• Hieroglyphics is the script of Nile Civilization.
• General Sherman is a living old tree in California State of U.S.
• After persistent decay, radium would be finally changed into Lead.
• Grand Canyon National Park in U.S.A. is located in the State of Arizona.
• Marseilles is the seaport of France.
• Who wrote ‘Muslim Sufferings under Congress Rule’:Maulvi Fazlul Haq.
• Sindh Sagar is between the rivers of: Indus and Jhelum.
• Nanga Parbat is commonly known as: Killer mountain.
• Who invented CD. (Compact Disc: James T. Russell.
• Videotape used in camcorders to record audio and video signal employee Fine grains of
Iron oxide.
• The real brother of Hazrat Yousuf A.S was Bin-Yamin.
• Taliban movement in Afghanistan emerged from Kandhar.
• Largest coal deposits have been discovered in which Taluka of Sindh Province: Diplo.
• Nubian Monuments are located in Egypt.
• Shaheed Benazir Bhutto became first woman Prime Minister of Pakistan on December 2,
• How many planets are is solar system? 8
• Which cell does not have a nucleus? RBC
• Abusive Drug Which Cells Of Body Most Effected? Brain
• Who killed Abu-Jahal? Maaz & Mauz
• Pakistan Falls in? Golden Triangle
• On US map Alaska State is on? Away from mainland
• In English Dictionary Which Word Has Largest Words? S
• What are Capital goods? Goods used for further production
• Horse is the Chinese name given to the year 2000.
• Pollen is produced in a part of the flower called the Calyx.
• After drinking contaminated water you would be most apt to develop symptoms of
‗typhoid fever‘.
• Panini was a great scholar of Sanskrit language.
• Hundred years war fought between France and Britain during 1338-1453.
• Wenceslas square is in Prague.
• The first Afro-Asian conference held in April 1955.
• Hot money is said for money which moves from one place to another to seek profit or high
rate of interest.
• Liver receives blood from the alimentary canal through hepatic portal vein.
• At the equator, the equation of the day is 12 hours.
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• Singapore city is known as ‗lion city‘.
• The chemical name of baking soda is sodium bicarbonate.
• Pharaoh is the title of the king of ancient Egypt.
• The largest city of South Africa is Cape Town.
• After joining congress, Muslim League joined the interim government in October 1946.
• The Bofors scandal occurred in India.
• Czar is the title used by the ruler of Russia from 1547 to 1721.
• Gorgon is a terrible monster of Greek mythology.
• The reduction or elimination of inflation is called creeping inflation.
• Indira Gandhi was the famous PM who first used the popular slogan ‗gharibi hatao‘.
• A pair of scissors is an example of a lever.
• Pair of doors belongs to the second class of lever.
• During the winter months 90% of fallen leaves are taken underground by earth worm.
• Dick Turpin was a highway man.
• Four US presidents are so far assassinated.
• Incident ‗Boston Tea Party‘ took place in America.
• Initially, Arab league has seven countries.
• Timbola is a kind of lottery.
• Sir William Howard Russell was the first Great War correspondent.
• A meteorological term for a high pressure is called anticyclone.
• Zenda vesta is a holy book of parsis.
• Islamic summit Minar is erected in Lahore.
• Privatization program began in Pakistan is 1991.
• Spirograph is an apparatus used for recording the movement of the lungs.
• Chomas festival is held in Kalash valley near Chitral.
• Defense day is celebrated in Pakistan since 1966.
• Name of a famous mosque in Beijing is Niujie Mosque.
• Flag flown at half mast means national mourning.
• Maginot line divides France from Germany.
• Declaration of human rights was adopted on 10th December, 1948.
• Olive branch is a sign of peace.
• Cox orange pippen is a biological name of an apple.
• Afghanistan was known as Ariana.
• The first European scientist, who refuted the belief that the earth was the centre of the
universe, was Copernicus.
• Prior to independence, Ghana was called ‗Gold Coast‘.
• Tanzania was formed by the unification of two countries, Tanganyika and Zanzibar.
• Drinker‘s apparatus is for measuring the amount of Alcohol in the blood.
• Dewar‘s flask is called as thermos.
• Chief food of mosquito larva is micro organism found in water.
• Chief food of butterfly larva is leaves of plants.
• Clinical thermometer usually measures in Fahrenheit.
• If a green leaf is seen in a red light its color will be black.
• Roots absorb water from soil which is Hygroscopic.
• Legumes increase the fertility of the soil by adding nitrogen to the soil.
• New varieties of organisms can be brought about by hybridization.
• Male child is born if xy chromosomes are united.
• Seeds are developed from Ovule.
• Parthenocarpic fruits are seedless fruits.
• Chlorophyll contains magnesium.
• Oxidation is the process in which electron is lost.
• Light is necessary for photosynthesis because it produce ATP and reducing substance.
• Oxygen liberated from photosynthesis comes from water.
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• Red light is most suitable for photosynthesis.
• Respiration means food oxidation and evolution of energy.
• Chemical preservation of dead organisms in liquid is called Cryo-Bilogy.
• Trypanosome a parasite causing sleeping sickness.
• Half-time is a time of radioactive substance taken by that substance to decompose
radioactivity to half of its weight.
• In Nuclear DNA is concentrated in chromatin.
• Cellulose respiration is done by Mitochondrion.
• Light energy is stored in the form of chemical energy due to the activity of Chloroplast.
• Protoplasm is a colloidal solution.
• In cryptograms, the sex organs are primitive and hidden.
• Thallophytia include algae, fungi, and lichens.
• Angiosperm includes the plants which have covered flowers and covered seed.
• Plant cells resembles animal cell because having a cell membrane made up of protoplasm.
• Snake have been evolved from lizard.
• Plants in which seed are outside the fruit are called Gymnosperms.
• 0.200 grams are equal to one carat.
• One million cycles per second is called Megahertz.
• Owl can rotate his head to 180 degrees on either sides.
• Ostrich eat pebbles for helping digestion by grinding up the ingested food.
• Dyne is a unit of Force.
• Birds are warm blooded animals.
• Birds bones are hollow.
• Male birds are more colorful than females.
• Birds do not fly are penguins, emus, kiwis, ostriches.
• Aircraft designers test their model of aircraft in with tunnel.
• Amphibians were the first vertebrate.
• There are three stages of frog. Egg-tadpole-adult frog.
• Metamorphosis – > a series of changes.
• Konrad Lorenz (1903-1989) was one of the first to study animal behavior.
• Amal is radical Lebanese Shi‘ite military force established in 1970 by Musa Sadr.
• Balfour Declaration was issued in 2 Nov: 1917.
• Bootlegging is a form of smuggling.
• Religion of Chinese people is Confucianism.
• Long March was 9600 km journey organized by Mao Tse Tang in the year of 1931-1934.
• Pan-Islam originated in 1880 in Ottomon Empire was a movement for uniting the Islamic
• Paper was invented in 3500 BC by Chinese.
• Printing was invented by Chinese and Printing Press introduced by the German, Gutan
• Unity, faith & discipline was used by Quaid on Dec: 28, 1947.
• Philately is the hobby of stamp collection.
• Oscar Award was introduced by Louis B Mayer of Metro Goldwin-Mayer Academy Award in
• First black president of South Africa was Nelson Mandela his party was banned in 1961
and he was imprisioned.
• Feminism is the belief that women subordination to men should end.
• River boat Gondola is used in Italy‘s city Venice.
• Hydaspes River is now called the Jhelum River.
• Dinosaur means ―Terrible‖ lizard.
• The name of heaviest dinosaur was Branchiosaurus.
• Ikhwan as Safa, a secret Arab organization was founded in Basra, Iraq.
• St. Vitus‘s Dance is a disease.
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• Pyramids of Egypt are the oldest and only survived wonder.
• The first tanks were used in 1916 during WW-I by British.
• Harward University is in USA, Cambridge is in UK
• Titanic sank on 14 April, 1912 on voyage from Southampton to New York City in North
• Tour De France is French cycle race.
• First women in space Valentine Tereshkove went into space in Vostoc 6 on 16 June 1963.
• Watergate scandal involved President Richard Nixon in 1972.
• Parses follow Zoroastrianism.
• Seatle is the seaport of USA.
• Dickson is the seaport of Malaysia.
• At Hyde Park London public meetings are assembled.
• Eskimos live in Igloo.
• Blitzkrieg means sudden attack.
• Dragon is the symbol of China.
• Caspian Sea water is shared by Iran, Russia & Azerbaijan.
• Magna Carta is known as the Bible of English Constitution.
• Russian equivalent of Pentagon is Kremlin.
• East Timore, the Colony of Portugal, was captured by Indonesia in 1975.
• Tiwan separated from China in 1949.
• Ulster Unionists wanted to retain British rule in Northern Ireland.
• Anti Semitism means animosity towards Jews.
• Lens at the end of the compound microscope is called objective.
• Protoza was first observed in compound microscope.
• Francisco Fernandez introduced Tobacco in Europe.
• Mobile phones started in 1973 by Martin Cooper.
• Penology is the study, theory and practice of prison management & criminal rehabilitation.
• Length of India-China border is 3,380 km.
• Cyprus gained independence from Britain in 1960.
• Cyprus was divided into Turkish Repbublic of Northern Cyprus and Greek Cyprus in 1974.
• Al-Azhar University I located in Cairo, Egypt.
• Fortress of Grenada, known as Alhamra is in Spain.
• Capital of ancient Babylonia was Babylon.
• Babylon was on the bank of Euphrates.
• Alma-Ata (Father of Apples) is the capital of Kazakhstan.
• Ireland is also called Eire.
• Largest earthquake fatalities occurred in Izmir, Turkey in 1999.
• Pentagon is in Arlington, Virginai state.
• Pentagon was designed by George Burgstrom.
• Takla Makan in China is the driest desert in Asia.
• Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalized Suez Canal in 1956.
• Capital of Tebet is Lhasa.
• White House is in Washington DC.
• Frigid Zone is the area withing the polar circle area around the South Pole.
• Guantanamo Bay is in Cuba.
• Tartus is the seaport of Syria.
• Voctoria falls are on the border b/w Zimbabwe & South Africa.
• House of U.S Congress in Washington D.C is on Capitol Hill.
• The idea of SAARC originated in the mind of Zia ur Rehman.
• Pakistan left Commonwealth in 1972 and rejoined in 1989.
• Mustafa Kamal Pasha gave 6 Principles of Kemalism.
• Dayton Accord was signed to solve the problem of Bosnia.
• The Chinese communist party was founded in 1921.
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• Karl Marx and Engels presented the Communist Manifesto in 1848.
• The Batista regime in Cuba was overthrown by Fidel Castro in January 1959.
• Rasko mountain is situated in Baluchistan
• Singapore became independent in 1965
• The ‗Aid to Pakistan Consortium‘ meets every year in: Paris
• One US barrel is equal to: 159 litres
• Second smallest by area is Monaco
• Gibraltar is the smallest colony.
• Monaco has a shortest coastline of 3.49 miles.
• Most sparsely populated territory is Antarctica.
• Afghanistan, Bhutan, Mongolia, Nepal are landlocked countries of Asia.
• Greatest snow fall is recorded at Tamarack California (USA)
• Planetary winds consist of doldrums, trace winds and westerlies.
• Rainfall is recorded on maps by Isohyets.
• The country which provides free education at university level is Sri Lanka.
• The country to adopt gold standard for the first time was UK.
• First system of English short hand was devised in 1602.
• China is situated in Eastern part of Asia.
• Bosnia-Herzegovina joined the UN on May 22, 1992.
• Costa Rica is a Central American country.
• Equator passes through Brazil.
• After Australia, Europe is the smallest continent.
• Sakhalin Islands enriched with oil reserves are claimed by Russia & Japan.
• The total length of railways in Pakistan is 8875 km.
• The largest district of Punjab by area is Bahawalpur.
• Pakistan Environmental Protection Ordinance was enforced in 1984.
• Frost shattering kind of weather takes place on the valley side above the surface of a
• Monsoon wind reverses seasonlally.
• Bermuda triangle extends up to South Florida & Puerto Rico.
• The longest river in South Asia is Brahmputra.
• The oldest Hydro-electric Project in Pakistan is in Malakand.
• Europe has no desert.& Australia has no glacier
• Arabia, Scandinavia & Alaska are called Peninsula.
• The richest fishing ground in the world is North Eastern Asia.
• When one place on the earth is on a bigger eastern longitude then its time will be ahead.
• Arakan Yoma: is the exten¬sion of the Himalayas located in Myanmar.
• Climograph: is a graphical representation of the differentia-tion between various types of
• Cosmic year: One cosmic year is equal to the time taken by the sun to complete one orbit
around the galactic centre.
• Date Line, International: International Date Line is an internationally agreed line drawn
parallel to the 180° meridian. It divides the Pacific Ocean into two equal parts. A crossing of
the International Date Line entails repeating one day when travelling westwards.
• Aberdeen in Scotland is known for Britain‘s largest granite-exporitng industry. It is knwn
as Granite City.
• Alexander (ship) is the name of the ship in which Charles Darwin toured for five years.
• Mediterranean climate has the characteristic of ‗dry summers with great sunshine and
rainy winters‘
• Precipitation takes place whentemperature of moisture in air sharply decreases
• Which of the following processes is related to the formation of Himalayas? Folding
• The term ‗Eye‘ in a cyclone refers to circular region of relatively light Winds
• Gold Harp bridge of Istanbul connects Asia with Europe.
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• Land occupied by Asia 29.7 %.
• Thickness of earth crust 20 miles.
• 45 Countries are there in Asia, 18 in Latin America.
• A meteorological term for a high pressure is called anticyclone. * ATP is a molecule
containing high energy bonds.
* The primary producers of organic matter in nature are Green plants.
* The primary plant body consist of 3 tissue systems.
* A tissue is a group of cells having similar structure and function.
* The edible portion of mango is Mesocarp.
* The rice grain is a seed.
* Ethylene is a hormone concerned with Ripening of fruits.
* The biotic relationship between insects and plants with reference to pollination is called
* Opium is obtained from seed capsule of opium poppy.
* Carbon dioxide is required during photosynthesis process in addition to sunlight and
* The cavity of Ascaris is known as Coelom.
* The membranous labyrinth of the ear is filled with Endolymph.
* Crura-cerebri is found in Mid-brain.
* The compound eye of insect produces Mosaic vision.
* The post embryoniv stages in the life history of cockroach is known as Nymphs.
* Ptyalin is present in the saliva.
* Central nervous system control the reflex action in the body.
* The terminal part of vertebral column in man is called Coceyx.
* Beingn tertain malaria is caused by plasmodium vivax.
* The life history of human malarial parasite in Anopheles was first described by Sir Ronald
* The mouth parts of anopheles are adapted to piercing and sucking type feeding.
* The “Urinary system” of the body consists of 3 organ.
* Haryersion canals are present in Bone.
* The heart bear is initiated and regulated by nodal tissue made of specialized cardiac
muscles called Purkinje tusse.
* The gestation period of human being is Nine months.
* The first heart sound is produced when Diastole begins.
* Kari Landsteiner discovered the blood groups of man.
* Prothrombin which helps in clotting of blood is released by Blood platelets.
* Glycogen is mainly stored in Liver and muscles.
* Pepsin converts protein into peptides in acid media.
* The most important function of perspiration is to regulate the body temperature.
* The main function of white blood cells in the body is to protect the body against diseases.
* One micron is equal to One-thousandth of a millimeter. * Solar eclipse occurs at the new
moon and not on the full moon and atleast one & seven is maximum no of solar eclipse in a
* The highest earth quake severity on richter scale has been recorded at southern chile in
1960 which was 9.5.
* Hally’s comet will return in the year 2062.
* Our solar system has about 140 Natural satellites.
* Bacteria ,fungi,virus are Non-green plants.
* LASER stands for “light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation”.
* Brazil covers nearly half of south america
* The constitution of 1973 was enforced on 14th aug,1973.It is comprises of twelve parts
consisting of 280 articles. * WAPDA (water and power development authority) is responsible
for the generation and distribution of electricity.
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* The govt of pakistan convened a convention of Ulema from 21-24th jan 1951 at karachi.
The convention was attended by 31 muslim religious scholars belonging to all sects of
Islam.The Ulema agreed on 22 points.
* The miracle of a pregnant female camel was sent to the nation of samood.
* The soap was made by Hazrat Salih (AS) first of all.
* The nation of Hazrat Loot (AS) was destroyed by a rain of stones.
* In six days (Surah Yunus,Verse no three) Allah had created the earth and the heaven.
* 32 times along with namaz ,Zakat has been mentioned in the Holy Quran.
* Hajj made compulsory In the year 9 A.H.
* Hazrat Hamza (RA)was the first commander of Islamic Army.
* There are 114 surahs , 30 Paras and 6666 Ayats in the holy Quran.Surah-e-Fatiha is the
first surah and Surah-e-Nas is the last Surah of the holy Quran.
* Seven stages are there in the Holy Quran.
* A shooting star is a meteor that comes from space,burning out in the earth`s upper
* The total number of star visible with the naked eye can not be more than 6000.
* Star twinkle for two main reasons, The intensity of the stars decreases and increases
because of line-of-sight effect and there are disturbance in the gases of the atmosphere.
* The earth is about three million miles closer to the sun in january.
* The essential parts of radio are: Vacuum tubes, transistors , Amplifier and Oscillator.
* If you look at sky from the moon,It appears completely black because the moon has no
* FM stands for Frequency modulation.
* THere is no colour of the sky but it is the blue part of the white light of the sun which gets
scattered by the dust particles hanging in the atmosphere.
* Kilowatt hour (kWh) is a bigger unit of energy used in addition to SI unit.
* Mitosis and meiosis are two types of cell division.
* Light travels at a speed of 186,000 miles per sec.
* The volcanoes of HAWAII are the most common and thoroughly studied in the world
* There is about 340 million cubic miles of liquid water on the surface of the earth
* Ducts are small tubes which transfer the secretion of glands.
* Borneo, sumatra , kenya ,uganda, brazil , colombia and equadore are some countries
through which the equator passes.
* Computer virus has created from pakistan
* The dead sea is the world lowest sea.Its surface is 400 metres below the mediterranean.
* MegaWatt is a unit of power equal to 1000 kiloWatts.
* There are 15 main tectonic plates which makes the dynamic crust of the earth.
* Northern edge of the Atacama desert in Chile is richest with the desposits of copper.
* Dry ice is solid carbon dioxide at a temperature of -80 C.
* Hydro-electric power means production of electricity by making Dams.
* Chronic disease usually begins slowly and persists over a longer time.
* Abu Dhabi to Set-up Oil Refinery in Gawadar, Pakistan (2012).
*The only fish that can blink with both eyes is a shark.
*The Niagara falls froze solid as it was so cold in winter of 1932.
*Compared to men, women blink nearly twice.
*Its not possible to keep your eyes open and sneeze.
*56% of the average typing work is done with the left hand.
*In every two weeks if the stomach does not produce a new layer of mucus it will digest
*The words read left to right or right to left in the words racecar kayak and level are the
*When a chocolate bar melted in the pocket after a researcher walked by a radar tube, he
invented the microwave.
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*The brain of the Ostrich is smaller than its eyes.
*In each ear of the cat there are 32 muscles.
*Life span of a dragonfly is 24 hours
• What has 32 panels and 642 stitches-A football (soccer)
• First British open squash championship played in 1922.
• First world squash championship 1976.
• Jhangir khan has won world open 6 times.
• Wimbledon open tennis was instituted in 1877.
• A winner of four competitions (Wimbledon, French open, us open, and Australia open) is
called Grand Slam. • Most Wimbledon single (Men) title are won by Pete Sampras (USA). •
Most Wimbledon single (woman) title won by Martina Navratilova (USA).
• Common Wealth game are held every 4 years, they were started in 1931.
• First Asia games were played at New Delhi in 1951.
• Current World cup holder of hockey is Australia.
• FIFA established in Paris on May 21, 1904.
• Grand slam is the title associated with Pete Sampras.
• Michael Chang (USA) is the youngest to win the title of grand slam.
• The title ―Oval Hero‖ is with Fazal Muhammad.
• The sports man Kasparvo is associated with Chess.
• Modern summer Olympic were held in Greece in 1896.
• Olympic held every 4 years.
• Hockey became Olympic event in 1908. Pakistan took part in 1948 in London.
• 1st world cup hockey 1971 at Barcelona (Spain).
• Hockey world cup held every 4 year.
• First world cup cricket 1975, won by West Indies.
• India won world cup cricket in 1983 by beating West Indies. • 10 countries have test
• First test mach was played in 1877 between Australia and England.
• First One day match between Australia and England in Jan 5, 1971.
• First word cup football 1930, Uruguay, and won by Uruguay.
• 1942 world cup football cup did not hold due to Second World War.
• Spain is the current Olympic footfall champion.
• In cricket batsman can be out by 10 ways.
• First three world cup crickets were played with 60 over.
• Rocky Morciono only heavy weight boxer remained unbeaten throughout his career.
• Lowest test match inning is 26 by New Zealand.
• Highest no of one-days are played at Sharjah Cricket Ground.
• The champion trophy hockey tournament was introduced by Pakistan in year 1978.
• Davis cup is for tennis.
• Thomas cup badminton is for men only.
• Each team in volleyball consists of 6 players.
• Modern Olympic Games were first held in Athens.
• ICC has 10 test members and it was founded in 1965 with Headquarter at Dubai.It‘s
former name was Imperial Cricket Conference; established in 1909.Pakistan played first test
in 1952 with India.
• Lowest total in one day cricket is 36 by Canada.
• Tennis player steffi graf belongs to Germany.
• First modern Olympic games were held in 1896 in Athens.
• First women competed in Olympic games in 1912.
• The number of countries which participated in the first Olympic Games held at Athens was
• Who owns The Oval cricket ground- Prince Charles
• Who among the following batsmen achieved the feat of hitting six 6s in one over for the
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first time in international cricket during the World Cup 2007 Herschelle Gibbs
• The Honourable Usain St. Leo Bolt, born 21 August 1986), is a Jamaican sprinter and a
five-time World and three-time Olympic gold medalist. He is the world record and Olympic
record holder in the 100 metres, the 200 metres and (along with his teammates) the 4×100
metres relay. He is the reigning Olympic champion in these three events.
• First cricket cup was played in England in 1974.
• First Asian Games were held in New Delhi in 1951. From 1954 they were held every four
• Baron Pierre de Coubertin was founder of the modern Olympic Games.
• Bunting is a term in the game of Baseball.
• Grand Master is a term in Chess.
• Grand Slam is a term in sports associated with Bridge as well as Lawn Tennis.
• Martina Hingis (born 30 September 1980) is a retired Swiss professional tennis player who
spent a total of 209 weeks as World No. 1. She won five Grand Slam singles titles (three
Australian Opens, one Wimbledon, and one US Open). She also won nine Grand Slam
women’s doubles titles, winning a calendar year doubles Grand Slam in 1998, and one
Grand Slam mixed doubles title.
• Olympic Games were held twice in Paris and London.
• The term ―Stalemate‖ is related to the game of Chess.
• Term ‗butterfly‘ associated with ? Swimming
• How many rings on the Olympic flag: Five
• Who ran the first marathon: Phidipedes
• How is the Olympic torch lit- By the sun in Greece
• Tour De France is French cycle race.
• Footballer Zaidane originally belongs to which country? Marseille, France
▪ Spleen is called the graveyard of Red Blood Cells.
▪ Oxgen Gas was discovered by Priestly.
▪ Dr. James Waston discovered the structure of DNA in 1953.
▪ Cell for the first time was discovered by Robert Hook.
▪ ―Debugging‖ is the process of locating and fixing or bypassing bug s (errors) in computer
program code or the engineering of a hardware device.
▪ ‗Claustrophobia‖ is defined as the fear of enclosed spaces.
▪ ―Brass‖ is an alloy of copper and zinc; the proportions of zinc and copper can be varied to
create a range of brasses with varying properties.
▪ ―Bronze‖ is a metal alloy consisting primarily of copper, usually with tin as the main
▪ Vitamin C (also callead Ascorbic Acid) is a powerful antioxidant, and aids in the production
of collagen, and stimulates the immune system. Vitamin C is essential for appetite.
▪ ―Soda Water‖ serves as a primary remedy for upset stomach.
▪ Normal arterial blood pH is 7.40, with a range of about 7.36-7.44. Blood pH depends on
carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration and bicarbonate (HCO3) concentration.
▪ The main constituent of Sui Gas is Methane.
▪ Agoraphobia is the fear of open or public places. ―Agraphia‖ is the inability to write.
Acrophobia is the fear of heights. Aerophobia is a fear of flying, Apiphobia is a fear of what?
Bees. Cyberphobia is the fear of computers or working on a computer.
▪ and acrophobia a fear of Heights.
▪ A CPU( cache) is a cache used by the central processing unit of a computer to reduce the
average time to access memory. The cache is a smaller, faster memory which stores copies
of the data from the most frequently used main memory locations.
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▪ ―Dry ice‖ is a Solid Carbon Dioxide.
▪ Chemically diamond is a Pure Carbon.
▪ Gas is use in Fire Cylinders CO2.(CO2 is use for extinguishing fire)
▪ Sulphuric Acid is use in the car batteries.
▪ ‗Parkinson‘ is adisease of Brain.
▪ The normal pulse beat of a human body is between 72—80.
▪ An instrument designed for testing the purity of milk is called Lactometer.
▪ ―Autopsy‖ is the Post-Mortem examination of a body.
▪ ―Lexicography‖ is the branch of science which deals with the process of writing
▪ Speed of Sound in Air 331 m/s.
▪ Red Colour has largest and Blue colour has shortest Wavelength.
▪ ―Pomology‖ is the study and cultivation of fruit.
▪ Logarithm tables were invented by John Napier
▪ Fish is the Best source of protein.
▪ Most commonly used bleaching agent is chlorine
▪ The chief constituent of gobar gas is methane.
▪ The frequency of which of the following is the highest? Radio waves
▪ ―Charles Drew‖ was the first pioneered the idea of a blood bank.
▪ Kidneys organ of the body purifies the blood.
▪ Skin is highly affected by the nuclear radiation first.
▪ Radio waves travel with almost the velocity of Light.
▪ Diamond is the hardest mineral.
▪ Life history of human malaria parasite in Anopheles was first described by Ronald Ross
▪ The distance between the earth and the sun is smallest in the month of January.
▪ Green vegetables are a good source of Minerals and Vitamins.
▪ One metric ton is equal to 1000 kg, or 2204 pounds.
▪ One square foot is equal to144 sq inches and 1 meter is equal to 3.28 foot.One nautical
mile is equal to 6080.
▪ ―Monometer‖ is an instrument for measuring Gaseous Pressure.
▪ Atmospheric pressure at sea level is 760 mm
▪ The acceleration caused by gravity per second is 32 feet.
▪ 1 Inch is equal to 2.54 centimeters.
▪ Silicon is called the ―Earth maker‖.
▪ When a disease occurs over a large area of earth‘s surface at one time, it is called
Epidemic disease.
▪ The area between the Tropic of Cancer and the Trpic of Capricorn, where the sun is
vertically overhead at some point of the year is called The Torrid zone.
▪ Deficiency of Vitamin C causes Scurvy.
▪ What does Angstrom measure? Speed of ships
▪ The scientist who first discovered that the earth revolves round the sun was Copernicus.
▪ ―Digital Computer‖ was invented by Howard Alken.
▪ Wood is the least conducter of electricity.
▪ ―Cryptography‖ deals with the study of secret writing.
▪ What is laughing gas? Nitrous Oxide
▪ The element common to all acids is Hydrogen.
▪ Diamond is an allotropic form of Carbon.
▪ Earth revolves around the sun from? West to east
▪ Philately is the science of stamp collection.
▪ Hydrometer is used for specific gravity of liquid.
▪ Which vitamin easily prepared in body? vitamin D
▪ Which gas is commonly used in balloons? Helium
▪ The most abundant element in earth curst is Oxygen (O) 46.6% and silican is the second
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abudent element of earth and silican is called earth maker.
▪ One horse power is equal to 746 watt.
▪ Which colour phosphorus used in matches? Red
▪ Oldest known element? Copper
▪ Which shape of carbon is used in lead pencils? Graphite
▪ Artificial silk is called rayon.
▪ Basic component of paper is wood.
▪ The bar is a unit of pressure equal to 100 kilopascals and roughly equal to the atmospheric
pressure on Earth at sea level.
▪ Light year is the unit of distance.It is the distance that light can travel in one year. A light
year is equal to 9.46 trillion kilometers.
▪ Largest organ of the body is Skin and largest gland is Liver.
▪ Kidney disease due to overdose of vitamin c.
▪ CPU is an abbreviation of Central Processing Unit.
▪ Cusec is unit of water flow.
▪ ATM stands for Automated Teller Machine.
▪ Mirage is an example of refraction of Light.
▪ Sound travels fastest in Glass.
▪ The gravitational force on the body is called as Weight.
▪ Most astronomers believe that origin of the Universe is Big Bang Theory.
▪ Hepatitis and jaundice are the diseases of Liver.
▪ Neon gas is used in decoration lighting.
▪ Creature having both male and female organs is known as Hermaphrodite.
▪ A low area storm with high winds rotating about a center of low atmospheric pressure is
called Cyclone.
▪ The first Muslim scientist who presented the law of reflection and refraction isIbn-ulHaitham.
▪ The difference in the duration of day and night increases as one move from Equator to
▪ Solar system was discovered by Nicolaus Copernicus.
▪ RAM stands for Random Access Memory.
▪ Richest source of Vitamin D is cod liver oil.
▪ 1sq cm is equal to how many square mm? 100
▪ 1 milligram gold is equal to how many milligrams? 1000
▪ We are saved from ultraviolet rays of sun through? Ozone Layer
▪ Vitamin K helps in blood clotting.
▪ Iron metabolism in the human body is helpful for Haemoglobin and blood is red due to
▪ In how many groups the living organisms that have back bone, are divided? 5 groups
▪ Vitamins C not stored in human body and lack of vitamin c create skin disease.
▪ Art and science of growing flowers, fruit and vegetables is called Horticulture.
▪ What did Sir Isaac Pitman invent? A form of shorthand
▪ ―Dactyliography‖ is the study of finger prints.
▪ ―Etymology‖ is the study of origin and history of words.
▪ ―Plague‖ is a disease, which spreads by rat.
▪ ―Choreography‖ is the art of designing sequences of movements in which motion, form, or
both are specified. Choreography may also refer to the design itself, which is sometimes
expressed by means of dance notation.
▪ Newton discovered that every applied force has an equal reaction.
▪ When heavy unstable elements split into relatively smaller elements along with the release
of energy is called fission.
▪ Protein is present in the highest amount in a human body.
▪ ‗Bicycle‘ was invented by Macmillan
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▪ ―Amino Acid‖ is the smallest unit of Protein.
▪ How many pairs of ribs are there in the human body? 12.
▪ A cataract is a clouding that develops in the crystalline lens of the eye or in its envelope
(lens capsule), varying in degree from slight to complete opacity and obstructing the
passage of light.
▪ Ice melting at poles is because of Ozone depletion. Afforestation stands for planting of new
▪ ―Marie Curie‖ was a physicist and chemist famous for her pioneering research on
radioactivity. She was the first person honored with two Nobel Prizes—in physics and
▪ On boiling egg hardens which indicates the presence of Protein.
▪ Abusive drugs damage cells of Brain.
▪ In modern television Cathode Ray Tube is replaced with Transistor.
▪ Acupuncture is a type of alternative medicine that treats patients by insertion and
manipulation of solid, generally thin needles in the body.this medical treatment was found
in China.
▪ ―Stainless Steel‖ contains chromium, Iron and corban.
▪ Red blood cells have no nucleus
▪ Pain in ears when aeroplane goes down because of High Air pressure.
▪ The maximum limit of sound beyond which a person can become deaf is 129 db.
▪ Natural gas effect on our lungs because, it is harmful for human being. When ever we
inhale carbon monoxide its poisonous and human body feeling illness. Its very dangrous
when ever natural gas leak some where repair or block this leakage its very harmfull for
human body and childrens as well.
▪ The tiny air sacs in the lungs tissues are called Aliveoli.
▪ The quantity of charge that is stored in a condenser is measured in Coulombs and SI unit
of pressure is Pascal.
▪ The deficiency of Viamin E causes sterility in men and women.
▪ A xerophyte or xerophytic organism is a plant that has adapted to survive in an
environment that lacks water, such as a desert.
▪ A halophyte is a plant that grows where it is affected by salinity in the root area or by salt
spray, such as in saline semi-deserts, mangrove swamps, marshes and sloughs, and
▪ An epiphyte is a plant that normally grows on another plant for support. It is not parasitic,
but uses the host plant for support only.
▪ Anthophobia is the fear of flower. Xenophobia is the dislike or fear of people from other
▪ Photophobia is the extreme sensitivity to light.
▪ ―Herpes‖ is a disease caused by a herpes virus, affecting the skin or the nervous system.
▪ ―Erythrocyte‖ is a red blood cell ( typically a biconcave disc without a nucleus) that
contains the pigment hemoglobin and transports oxygen and carbindioxide to and from the
▪ ―Leucocyte‖ is a colourless cell which circulates in the blood and body fluids and is involved
in counter acting foreign substances and disease ; a white blood cell.
▪ ―Isobar‖ a line on a map connecting points having the same atmospheric pressure.
▪ ―Pneumonia‖ is a lung infection in which the air-sacs fill with pus.
▪ ―Leprosy‖ is a contagious bacterial disease that affects the skin, mucous membranes and
nerves, causing discoloration and humps on the skin and, in severe cases, disfigurement
and deformities.
▪ ―Lithophytes‖ are a type of plant that grows in or on rocks. Lithophytes feed off moss,
nutrients in rain water, litter, and even their own dead tissue.
▪ Gunpowder is a mixture of sulphur, charcoal and potassium nitrate (nitre). When water is
added to the mixture potassium nitrate dissolves.
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▪ A black hole is a region of spacetime from which nothing, not even light, can escape.
▪ Rabies (Hydrophobia) is a disease recognized by Insane Dog biting. It effect on the Central
Nervous system.
▪ Pneumonia affects the respiratory system.
▪ ―Cooking gas‖ is a mixture of Butane and Propane.
▪ Iron articles rust because of the formation of a mixture of ferrous and ferric hydroxide.
▪ ―Chlorination‖ is the process of adding the element chlorine to water as a method of water
purification to make it fit for human consumption as drinking water.
▪ Sulphur is mixed with the rubber to make it more flexible.
▪ Dysentery is an intestinal inflammation, especially in the colon, that can lead to severe
diarrhea with mucus or blood in the feces.
▪ Vibrio cholerae is a Gram-negative, comma-shaped bacterium. Some strains of V. cholerae
cause the disease cholera.
▪ ―Thanatophobia‖ is an extreme and irrational fear of death.
▪ ―Psoriasis‖ is a common skin condition that causes skin redness and irritation.
▪ ―Hippocratic Oath‖ is an oath historically taken by physicians and other healthcare
professionals swearing to practise medicine ethically. It is widely believed to have been
written by Hippocrates, often regarded as the father of western medicine, or by one of his
▪ Microphone is used to convert sound waves into electrical energy.
▪ Penicillin is widely used as an antibiotic
▪ The air we inhale is mixture of gases. Which of the following gases in the mixture is
highest in percentage? Nitrogen
▪ The average thickness of the earth’s crust is 32km.
▪ The substances human body produces to fight against disease germs are called Antibodies.
▪ The distance of place south or north of Equator is called Latitude.
▪ ―Aboriculture‖ is a science of the cultivation, management, and study of individual trees,
shrubs, vines, and other perennial woody plants.
▪ ―Vitamin E‖ is present in egg.
▪ ―Y2K‖ is a computer problem.
▪ Which of the following animals can hear ultrasonic sound? Bat
▪ SIM stands for Subscriber identity Module.
▪ The energy generation in stars is due to Fusion of light nuclei.
▪ Martin Cooper is known for his invention of Mobile Phone.
▪ The law of floating bodies was discovered by greek scientist Archimedes.
▪ First human heart transplant operation conducted by Dr. Christian Bernard on Louis
Washkansky, was conducted in 1967
▪ Exposure to sunlight helps a person improve his health because the ultraviolet rays
convert skin oil into Vitamin D
▪ The ozone layer restricts Ultraviolet radiation
▪ Eugenics is the study of altering human beings by changing their genetic components
▪ Ecology deals with Relation between organisms and their environment.
▪ Filaria is caused by Mosquito.
▪ If speed of rotation of the earth increases, weight of the body decreases
▪ Fathometer is used to measure Ocean depth
▪ Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit was a German Physicist ; developed the mercury thermometer in
1714 ; devised temperature scale
▪ Who discovered penicillin? Alexander Fleming.
▪ ―Entymology‖ is the study of Insects.
▪ In Algebra and mathematics who is credited with the originating the Binomial Theorem by
▪ Nitrogen gas is used in electric bulb.
▪ One US barrel is equal to 159 litres.
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▪ Quicklime is an alkaline powder obtained by strongly heating which other material? Chalk.
▪ What is the name of the milky fluid obtained from trees which is used to produce rubber?
▪ Which is the only mammal with the power of active flight? Bat.
▪ Which lower level of clouds are commonly called ‗rain clouds‘? Nimbus.
▪ Which medical specialty is concerned with the problems and illnesses of children?
▪ What name is given to the stiffening of the body after death? Rigor mortis.
▪ The name of which Roman god means ‘shining father’ in Latin? Jupiter.
▪ What is the central colour of a rainbow? Green.
▪ What part of the body consists of the duodenum, the jejunum and the ileum? Small
▪ What, in internet terminology, does SMTP stand for? Simple Mail Transfer Protocol.
▪ What, in internet terminology, does FTP stand for? File Transfer Protocol.
▪ What is the art of preparing, stuffing and mounting the skins of animals to make lifelike
models called? Taxidermy.
▪ What is the technical name for abnormally high blood presure? Hypertension.
▪ What part of eye is responsible for its color? The iris.
▪ What is the second planet from the sun? Venus.
▪ Which gas used in advertising signs has the symbol Ne? Neon.
▪ In medicine, which is the most widespread parasitic infection? Malaria.
▪ What causes earthquakes? Earthquakes occur when energy stored within the Earth,
usually in the form of strain in rocks, suddenly releases. This energy is transmitted to the
surface of the Earth by earthquake waves.
▪ What is Galaxy? Galaxy, a massive ensemble of hundreds of millions of stars, all
gravitationally interacting, and orbiting about a common center. Astronomers estimate that
there are about 125 billion galaxies in the universe. All the stars visible to the unaided eye
from Earth belong to Earth‘s galaxy, the Milky Way.
▪ What is an anemometer? Anemometer (Greek anemos, ―wind‖; metron, ―measure‖), an
instrument that measures wind speed.
▪ What is paleontology? Paleontology, study of prehistoric animal and plant life through the
analysis of fossil remains.
▪ How far is the sun from earth? the average distance from Earth is 150 million km (93
million miles).
▪ What was the first creature to travel in space? The Soviet Union also launched the first
living creature, a dog named Laika, into space on November 3, 1957.
▪ What is dry ice? Solid carbon dioxide, known as dry ice, is widely used as a refrigerant. Its
cooling effect is almost twice that of water ice; its special advantages are that it does not
melt as a liquid but turns into gas, and that it produces an inert atmosphere that reduces
bacterial growth.
• The origin of earth dates back to approximately? 4.6 billion year
• The dates on which day and night is equal are? 21st march and 23rd september
• Haematite is an ore of iron.
• Earth completes one rotation on its axis in? 23 hours 56 mints and 4.9 sec
• Which of the following gases is most predominant in the sun? Hydrogen
• The coldest planet is Neptune.
• The Cornea of the eyes is the only part of body without blood supply.
• The Average weight of man‘s brain is 4.8 ounces.
• The Average weight of woman‘s brain is 4.4 ounces.
• The most common element in the atmosphere is Nitrogen (N), which is present at 78.08
percent by volume and 75.52 percent by mass.
• The most common element in the universe is Hydrogen (H), according for 90 percent of all
known matter in the universe, and68 percent by mass in the Solar System.
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• Radium was discovered by Mario Curie Pierre Curie.
• Railway Engine was invented by Stephenson.
• The largest bone of human body is Thigh Bone.
• The proportion of water in human body is about 85%. (Blood in Human Body 5-6 Liter 10
% of total volume )
• Cockroach is considered as the ancient insect of the world.
• ―Rickets‖ is a disease of the bones ( due to deficiency of Vitamin D ).
• Sound will travel fastest in Solids.
• Lack of oxygen at high altitude produces bleeding.
• Chronometer is used to measure time while on ship.
• Dental enamel is the hardest thing present in a human body.
• The density of a liquid is measured by Hydrometer.
• ‗Fathom‘ is the unit of measurement of depth.
• Iron is the most widely used metal.
• A human body has 236 joints. (206 bones , new baby contains 300). There are 24 ribs in
a human body.
• A colour blind person cannot distinguish between Red and Green.
• Hippocrates is considered as the father of Medicine.
• Platinum is the costliest metal in the world.
• The main component of a TV is a cathode ray tube.
• A man breathes 17 to18 times in a minute.
• The breathing rate is controlled by the medulla.
• The only metal which is liquid at ordinary temperature is Aluminium.
• In the normal composition of human body oxygen is 64 percent.
• The use of fingerprints for identification purposes was first proposed by the British
scientist Sir Francis Galton.
• Who invented ‗Printing Press‘? Gutenberg
• Who invented ‗Television‘? John L. Baird
• Who was the inventor of ‗mercury thermometer‘? Fahrenheit
• Albert Einstein presented ‗theory of relativity‘.
• Insulin was invented by F. Banting.
• Who discovered ‗X-rays‘? Roentgen
• Dr. Alfred Bernhard Nobel discovered Dynamite
• ‗Law of gravitation‘ was introduced by Sir Isaac Newton
• ‗Vaccination for smallpox‘ was discovered by Jenner
• Who discovered ‗Oxygen‘? Priestley Joseph
• What is the scientific name of man? Homo sapiens
• Polio, AIDS and Measles are caused by Virus
• T.B., leprosy , whooping cough and diphtheria are caused by Bacteria
• Lack of vitamin B can cause Beri Beri
• Goiter is caused by Deficiency of Iodine
• Man eat both plants and animals so called Omnivore
• Pepsin produced in stomach digests the Proteins
• Bile is secreted by Liver
• Blood sugar level is controlled by hormone called Insulin
• DNA double helix model was given by Watson and Crick
• Who gave the theory of evolution? Darwin
• Pituitary glands are located on Brain
• Tears are produced by Lachrymal glands
• In human eye image is formed at Retina
• Lemon contains vitamin C vitamin
• What is diploid number of man‘s chromosome? 46
• A patient is put to Dialysis, when he or she suffers from Kidney ailment
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• Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is infected by Virus
• A universal donor has blood group is O (reciepter A&B)
• Kangaroo is native animal of Australia
• Helium, neon and argon are called Noble Gases
• Water is made of which two gases? Hydrogen and Oxygen
• Copper is used in making brass, bronze and German silver.
• Which atom does not have a neutron? Hydrogen
• The charge present on an electron is Negative
• The charge present on a proton is Positive
• Water was discovered by Cavendish
• Most abundant element in human body is Oxygen
• Which of the following is the lightest element of the periodic table? Hydrogen
• An instrument used for measuring atmospheric pressure is called Barometer
• Natural radioactivity was discovered by Becquerel in 1896
• Neutron was discovered by Chadwick
• The circumference of the earth was determined by Al-Beruni
• Telephone was invented by Graham Bell
• SI unit of length is Metre, SI unit of force is Newton, Unit of work in SI units is Joule and
Unit of Power in SI unit is Watt.
• Energy possessed by a body due to its motion is called Kinetic Energy
• Lens which is thinner at the centre and thicker at the edge is called Concave Lens .
• A lens which is thicker at the centre and thinner at the edges is called Convex Lens
• The diameter of a lens is called Aperture
• Energy in sun produced by hydrogen nuclei is the result of Fusion
• Ohm is unit of which quantity? Resistance
• Calorie is unit of which quantity? Heat
• Dyne is unit of which quantity? Force
• Angstrom is unit of which quantity? Length
• Becquerel is unit of which quantity? Radioactivity
• Who invented printing press? John Guttenberg
• A beam of white light passing through a prism scatters in Seven colours
• How much time does the sun light take to reach the Earth? 8.5 minutes
• The Sun is made of gases mainly Hydrogen and Helium
• The outer surface temperature of the Sun is 6000 0C
• In the core of the Sun Nuclear Fusion process is occurring all the times.
• Which is the hottest planet of our solar system? Venus
• Which planet is closest to the Earth? Venus
• Which planet is biggest from the Sun? Jupiter
• Which is the closest planet to the Sun? Mercury
• During Solar eclipse the moon comes between the Earth and the Sun.
• During Lunar eclipse the Earth comes between the moon and the Sun.
• The greenish planet of solar system is Uranus
• Which planet of solar system is red in colour? Mars
• Name the blue coloured planet. Neptune
• Formation and change of one season to another is due to Earth Revolution
• The Sun appears to rise from the East and set into the West due to Rotation of Earth
• ROM stands for Read Only Memory
• A byte is a group of 8 bits
• SIMM stands for Single Inline Memory Module
• Four nibbles are equal to Two Bytes
• Smallest unit of memory is Bit
• 1 Megabyte is equal to 1024 Kilobytes
• 1 Kilobyte is equal to 1024 Bytes
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• A condition in which memory lost is called Amnesia.
• Which planet is known as ―Earth‘s near twin planet‖? Venus
• Which is the brightest planet in the Solar System? Venus
• The smallest, fastest and smallest diameter planet is Mercury.
• Which one of the following planets has the maximum number of satellites? Jupiter
• To measure electric current: Ammeter is used
• Which instrument is used to measure blood pressure? Sphygmomanometer
• Which instrument is used to measure minute electrical currents? Galvanometer
• Hydrometer is the device that measures: The specific gravity of a liquid
• Hygrometer is used to measure: humidity
• What is used for detecting and measure earthquakes? Seismograph
• What splits light into its spectrum? Spectroscope
• Thermometer is used to measure: Temperature.
▪ The science of study of old age is called Gerontology
▪ The function of the thermostat in a refrigerator is To maintain the temperature
▪ Blotting paper absorbs ink because The action of capillary
▪ Name the vaccine that protects against tuberculosis? BCG
bacillus Calmette-Guérin
▪ Name the disease of the liver that causes a patient to turn yellow? Jaundice
▪ Equinox is the time when the sun appears vertically overhead at noon at the equator.
▪ In the human body, blood-clotting factor is produced by the liver
▪ Human blood is able to carry large amounts of oxygen because of the chemical hemoglobin
▪ The living part of a plant cell is composed of a nucleus and cytoplasm
▪ The front of the eye is covered with a tough transparent material called CORNEA
▪ The smallest branches of an artery lead into tiny blood vessels called CAPPILARIES
▪ Insulin is produced in the human body by the Pancreas
▪ In an animal cell protein is synthesized in the Ribosome
▪ Chemically finger nails are made up of Protein
▪ Muscle stiffness is a symptom caused by the disease Tetanus
▪ The fat in our food is digested by the enzymes lipase
▪ Sound is a form of energy
▪ A fraction of sunlight is refracted as it enters the earth‘s atmosphere.
▪ Electric current is measured by an Ammeter.
▪ Light with larger wavelength than that of the red colour is called infrared
▪ Medulla Oblongata connects the small brainwith the spinal chord.
▪ Spinach is a good source of vitamin A, B2 (Riboflavin) and Iron.
▪ Femur is a bone of the leg.
▪ Excessive burning of fossil fuels cause acid rain.
▪ Planet Mars has two moons.
▪ Bauxite is an ore of aluminium
▪ Mica is a nonconductor of electricity
▪ Sun is the biggest star in the universe.
▪ The capacity to do work is called energy.
▪ The energy possessed by a body die to its position is called potential energy.
▪ Nucleus usually lies in the centre of an animal cell
▪ Calcium and phosphorus are the essential elements of bones.
(vi) Proteins are formed by combination of amino acids.
(vii) Rainwater dissolves sulphur dioxide to form sulphuric acid.
▪ The set of instructions given to a computer is called software.
▪ In a heat engine, heat energy is changed into mechanical energy
▪ The smallest unit of measurement of wavelength is angstrom
▪ The chemical generally used in refrigerators is ethylene
▪ Period of famous Muslim scientists is 7th – 13th century A.D.
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▪ Heat radiation travels at a speed equal to speed of light
▪ Amoeba is a unicellular animal.
▪ Leprosy is a disorder of the nervous system.
▪ Quartz is chemically a Silicate.
▪ Solar eclipse occurs in New moon.
▪ Centigrade & Fahrenheit scales give same reading at – 400o
▪ Who described protoplasm as the physical basis of life? T. H. Huxley
▪ The scientist who first discovered that the earth revolves round the sun was Copernicus
▪ Who invented the steam engine? James Watt
▪ Who discovered circulation of blood in human body? William Harvey
▪ The credit of inventing the television goes to Baird
▪ The credit of developing the polio vaccine goes to Jonas Salk
▪ The unit of energy in MKS system is Joule
▪ The telephone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell
▪ What is the body temperature of a normal man? 36.9oC
▪ The pancreas secretes Insulin
▪ Tibia is a bone found in the Leg
▪ The largest part of the human brain is the Cerebrum
▪ Red blood corpuscles are formed in the Bone marrow
▪ What is the main component of bones and teeth? Calcium sulphate
▪ The main constituent of hemoglobin is Iron
▪ The function of hemoglobin is Prevention of anemia
▪ Malaria is a disease which effects the Spleen
▪ A person of which of the following blood groups is called a universal donor? O
▪ A person with which of the following blood groups can receive blood of any group? AB
▪ Which gland in the human body is called the master gland? Pituitary
▪ How many bones are there in a newly born infant? 300
▪ Which of the following diseases is caused by virus? Small pox
▪ Medulla oblongata is a part of human Brain
▪ Myopia is a disease connected with Eyes
▪ Leukemia is a disease of the Blood
▪ Short-sightedness can be corrected by using Concave lens
▪ Trachoma is a disease of the Eyes
▪ Typhoid and cholera are typical examples of Water-borne disease
▪ Pyorrhea is a disease of the Gums
▪ Lack of what causes diabetes. Insulin
▪ Appendix is appendix is a part of Large intestine
▪ ECG is used for the diagnosis of aliments of Heart
▪ Biopsy is done on Tissues taken form a living body
▪ Dialysis is used for the treatment of Kidney failure
▪ Insulin is injected into the intestines by Pancreas
▪ Lock Jaw, i.e., difficulty in opening the mouth is a symptom of Tetanus
▪ Lungs are situated in the Thoracic cavity
▪ Enzymes help in Digestion of food. Food is normally digested in the Small intestines.
▪ The planet of the solar system which has maximum numbers of Moon is Jupiter (as of
▪ A unit of length equal to the average distance between the earth and sun is called
Astronomical unit
▪ The ozone layer is present about 30miles (50km) in atmosphere above earth. The stratum
(layer) of atmosphere in which ozone layer lies is called as Stratosphere
▪ Which rocks are formed by the alteration of pre-existing rocks by great heat or pressure
Metamorphic rocks
▪ The most abundant natural Iron oxides are Hematite and Magnetite
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▪ The most abundant elements in sea water Sodium and Chlorine
▪ The unit of home electricity energy consumption is Kilowatt hour
▪ The speed of sound in dry air at 20 C is about (343 m/s)
▪ The time light takes from Sun to reach Earth is 8 minutes
▪ Light from Sun travels a distance before it reaches Earth 150 Million Km
▪ The most suitable thermometer for measuring the boiling point of water is Mercury
▪ The density of water is greatest at 4°C
▪ A vacuum can not conduct heat
▪ The building blocks of elements are called Molecules
▪ Boiling of an egg is a change which is Chemical
▪ The usual raw material for ceramics, generally found beneath the top soil is? Clay
▪ Polyamides are synthetic polymers commonly known as Nylon
▪ Telephone was invented in 1876 in America by Graham Bell.
▪ Man belongs to the family Hominidae
▪ To measure the specific gravity of milk, the instrument used is Lactometer
▪ one of the fundamental characteristics of living organisms is Metabolism
▪ Water is heated in a kettle. The inside water is heated by convection. A person sitting near
the fire receives heat by Radiation
▪ Three elements needed for the healthy growth of plants are N,P,K
▪ Parsec is a unit of Distance
▪ Twinkling of stars is caused by refraction of light
▪ In humans , most nutrient molecules are absorbed by the small intestine
▪ Laughing gas has chemical composition of the following two elements which are Nitrogen
+ oxygen
▪ Hepatitis A is transmitted to different individuals by Water
▪ The unit that coordinates different devices of the computer system is Control unit
▪ Cancer can be treated by Chemotherapy and radiotherapy
▪ The name of the common mineral salt present in sea is Sodium Chloride
▪ Founder of modern astronomy was Nicolas Copernicus
▪ The instrument which measures very high temperature is Pyrometer
▪ Chemical used to kill rats and mice are Rodenticides
▪ The position of earth in its orbit, when it is at its greatest distance from the sun causing
northern summer is called Aphelion
▪ Which of the following layers make radio transmission possible?Ionosphere
▪ Which of the following explains the reason why there is no total eclipse of the sun?
Size of the earth in relation to that of moon
▪ Which one of the following is a non-metallic mineral? Gypsum
▪ Yeast is used in making bread because it produces Carbon dioxide
▪ Oasis is associated with Desert
▪ Name the famous book of Ibn-Sina in which he discussed human physiology and medicine?
▪ Animal which captures and readily kills living animals for its food is called Predator
• An alimeter is used for measuring Altitude
• Oology is the study of Birds eggs
• Radioactivity was discovered by Henry Bacquerel
• The metal used in storage batteries is Lead
• Barometer was invented by Torricelli
• Dynamo was invented by Michael Faraday
• Galileo‘s first scientific discovery was Pendulum
• Microscope was invented by Aaton Van Leewen Hock
• The scientist who is known as father of modern biology is Aristotle
• The first person to see a cell under microscope was Robert Hooke
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• The smallest flowering plant is Worffia
• The four blood groups were discovered by Karl Landsteiner
• The atomic number of oxygen is Eight
• The basic building blocks of proteins are Amino acids
• The unit of loudness is Phon
• An ammeter is used to measure Electric current
• Plant that eat insects are called Insectivorous plants
• Fruits that are formed without fertilization are called Parthenocarpic
• Plants that flower only once in their lifetime are called Mono carpic
• Penicillin is obtained from Mould
• Herpetology is the study of Reptiles
• Osteology is the study of Bones
• The botanical name for onion is Allium Cepa
• The study of heavenly bodies is called Astronomy
• Electric Lamp was invented by Thomas alva Edison
• The fear of crowd is called Ochlophobia
• The fear of books is called Bibliophobia
• The fear of going to bed is called Clinophobia
• Calcium sulphate is commonly called Plaster of Paris
• Sodium carbonate is commonly called Washing Soda
• Sodium chloride is commonly known as Common Salt
• The chemical name of Chloroform is Trichloromethane
• The chemical name of baking powder is Sodium bicarbonate
• The chemical name of bleaching powder is Calcium hypochlorite
• A fungus which can only survive on other living organisms is called Obligate Parasite
• A plant which lives in the dark is called Scotophyte
• Laser was invented by Dr.Charles H.Townes
• Thermostat is an instrument used for regulating Constant temperature
• The science of organic forms and structures is known as Morphology
• The fear of women is known as Gynophobia
• The fear of men is known as Androphobia
• The scientist who developed the Quantum theory was Max Plonck
• The acid used in a car battery is Sulphuric acid
• The system for writing by blind people was invented by Louis Braille
• The parachute was used for the first time by J.P.Blanchard
• The German physicit who first demonstrated the existence of Radio waves was Henrich
• Fountain pen was invented by L.E.Waterman
• The role of heredity was demonstrated by Mendel
• The instrument used to measure the concentration of salt water is the Salinometer
• Safety matches was invented by J.E.Lundstrom
• Dynamics is the study of Movements of bodies
• Statics is the study of Forces acting on bodies at rest
• Mechanics is the study of Forces acting on bodies
• The electro-cardiograph was invented by William Einthoven
• Chronometer was invented by John Harrison
• The study of antiquities is known as Archaeology
• The study of the duration of life is known as Chronobiology
Calcium oxide is commonly known as Quick lime
• A deviation of light passing from one medium to another is known as Refraction
• An apparatus for generation of atomic energy is called a Reactor
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• Vitamin C is also called Ascorbic Acid it prevents scurvy
• Vitamin C is also necessary for utilization of iron
• The food which contains largest amount of Vitamin C is tomato
• Cod liver oil contains Vitamin D
• Collagen is the substance that gives elasticity to skin
• Vitamin E promotes oxygenation and acts as anti aging
• Carbon dioxide we release comes from food we eat
• Vitamin B2 has what other name Riboflavin
• Fats are made of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
• Vitamin E is called anti-aging agent
• Vitamin E helps in fertility process
• Vitamin B helps maintain normal appetite and good digestion
• Water soluble vitamin are B and C and all other are fat soluble
• Vitamin A is stored as Ester in liver
• Vitamin A is found in carotene bearing plants
• Vitamin K helps to form prothrobin (fibro gin) one of the enzymes helpful in blood clotting
• Vitamin E is necessary for iron utilization; normal reproductive function. Vitamin E is for
• Vitamin A is found in Dairy products
• Deficiency of Vitamin A causes Night blindness.
• Too much presence of the Potassium salt in human blood increase the risk of heart attack.
• The lack of calcium in the diet causes what condition-Rickets
• Celluloses are carbohydrates.
• Milk contains lactose.
• Vitamin C is a preventor of infectious disease
• Vitamin C is also called Skin food
• Vitamin C can easily be lost in cooking and food storage
• Vitamin D is essential for calcium metabolism.
• Vitamin C hastens healing of wounds
• Vitamin capable of formation of blood is B12
• Riches source of Vitamin D is code liver oil
• Riches source of Vitamin A is eggs
• Deficiency of Calcium leads to rickets
• Vitamin B1 is available is yeast.
• Scury, arising due to deficiency of vitamin C, it is related to Gastro-intestinal disorder.
• Sodium is necessary of nervous system.
• Vitamin D is essential for calcium metabolism.
• Cheese contains vitamin D.
• Vitamin C can not be stored in human body.
• Scurvy, arising due to deficiency of vitamin C, it is related to Gastro-intestinal disorder.
• Sodium is necessary of nervous system.
• Ground nut has maximum protein
• Digestion of fat in intestine is aided by Emulsification
• Hair, finger nails, hoofs, etc are all make of protein
• Deficiency of sodium and potassium causes muscular cramps, headache and diahrae
• Milk (contains 80% water) is a complete food.
• Cheese contains vitamin D.
• Vitamin E is for reproduction.
• Glucose is the source of energy for human brain.
• Major component of honey is Glucose
• Three main food nutrients are carbohydrates, protein and fats. Other are vitamins and
• Meat is rich in iron we need to make blood cells
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• Eating of coconut increases man‘s mental faculties
• Food poisoning can result from the eating of too much toadstools.
• Vitamin c is also known as Ascorbic Acid.
• Celluloses are carbohydrates.
• Milk contains lactose
• Ascorbic acid is essential for the formation of bones and teeth.
• Citric acid is a good substitution for ascorbic acid in our nutrition.
• A guava contains more vitamin C than an orange
• Vitamin not stored in human body…..C
• Taxidermy means stuffing dead animals
• Stenography means short hand writing
• Psoriasis is a learning disability
• Paleontology is study of fossils.
• Hematology is the study of blood.
• Geology is the study of earth.
• Acoustics is the science of sound
• Cytology is the study of cell
• Entomology is the study of insects.
• Apiculture is science of bee keeping
• Ornithology is the science of birds
• Philology is the science of languages
• Oncology is the study of cancer
• Exobiology is the study of life in outer space
• Numismatics is the study of coins
• Eugenics is the study of altering humans by changing their genes or it refers to
Improvement of human race
• Ethology is the study of animal behavior
• Anthropology is the study of origin and physical and cultural development of mankind
• Carpology is the study of fruits and seeds.
• Pathology deals with diseases
• Histology deals with organic tissues
• Pedology is the study of soil
• Cryogenics deals with the production, control and application of low temperatures
• Seismology is study of movements inside earth‘s crust
• Ambidextrous is one who can write with both hands.
• Astrophysics is a branch of astronomy which deals with the physical and chemical nature
of heavenly bodies.
• A etiology is the study of causes of disease.
• Cryptology is the study of codes.
• Dendrology is the study of trees.
• Ergonomics is the study of relationships between people and their working environment.
• Graphology is the study of handwriting.
• Psychological study of life in artificial environment is called biopsy.
• Phycology is the study of Algae.
• Mycology is the study of fungi.
• The art of compiling dictionary is called Lexicography.
• Cartography is the art of making maps and charts.
• Philately is hobby of stamp collecting.
• An onomastician studies what – Names
• Thanatology is the study of what Death
• The study of human population is called Demography.
• What does an otologist study-The ear and its diseases
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• Noologists study what-The Mind
• Semiology is the study of what-Signals
• What is silviculture- Forestry
• What is Xylography- Wood Engraving
• Paleontology is the science of history of life.
• Meteorology is the study of study of weather.
• Cryptography is the study which deals with the secret writing.
• Hydroponics means cultivation of the plants without use of soil.
• Hyetology is the study of rainfall.
• Mycology is the study of fungus and fungi diseases.
• Petrology is the study of rocks in the earth‘s crust.
• Amniocentesis is a method for determination of foetal sex.
• What is Steganography: Invisible ink writing
• Ichthyologists study what Fish
• What does a psephologist study: Voting – Elections
• What is studied in Aerology-Planet Mars
• Orthoepy is the study of what-Word pronunciation
• A philomath has a love of what- Learning
• What is a nidologist interested in-Birds nests
• What is philography- Autograph collecting
• Agronomy is the science of soil management
• The process by which plants take food is photosynthesis
• Reduction is the removal of oxygen atoms
• Oxidation is the combination of oxygen or removal of hydrogen
• Horticulture is the cultivation of flowers, fruits and vegetable
• Pastevurization is the protection of food by heating
• If temperature rises gradually up to 40 deg: C, the rate of photosynthesis may stop
• Ibn baitar was a Botanist
• Kitab al Manazar on optical works was written by Ibn al Haitham
• Mamoon observatory was established during the reign of Caliph Mamoon
• Circulation of blood was described by a muslim scientist name Nafis Abdul al-Hasan.
• Al-Khwarizimi was first person who used zero.
• Muslim scientist Ali al Tabari is famous for his work on ___ (medical sciences)
• Al Beruni discovered that light travels faster than sound.
Knowledge about COMPUTER
• Half byte = 1nibble = 4 bits
• Bit means Binary Digit
• 1 byte = 8 bits
• 1 mega byte = 1048576 bytes
• 1 kilo byte = 1024 bytes
• A combination of 16 bits are called word.
• A terabyte = 1 trillion bytes
• Our PC belongs to 4th generation
• Fred Cohen coined the word computer virus
• First computer virus was created in 1970 at Bell laboratories
• WORM means Write Once Read Many
• Power of a super computer is measured in FLOPS (Floating Point Operations per Second)
• WWW/http: (hypertext transfer protocol) was created by Tim Burner Lee in 1992
• Intel means Integrated Electronics
• 1 worksheet contains 256 columns
• G.W.Basic G.W stands for Gate Way
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• Super Computer was created by J.H.Van Tassel
• CORBA is Common Object Request Broker Architecture
• URL is Uniform or Universal Resource Locator
• Intel invented RAM chip
• Information stored on disk as series of bumps on its shiny side.
• DVDs hold more information than CDs. They use smaller bumps and have two reflective
• Recordable CDs do not have bumps. There are patches of color on disk to change the
reflected laser light
• In 1951 Univac – 1, the world‘s first commercial computer was designed by John Mauchly
and J. Presper Eckert. They built ENIAC, the first electronic computer in 1946
• In 1968 mainframe was built.
• In 1976 first supercomputer the Cray-1 was developed
• In 1981 IBM produce the IBM PC.
• In 1998 IBM made quantum computer
• Super computers uses parallel processing
• In 1974, computer games were introduced.
• PROM is the abbreviation of programmable read only memory
• What was the world‘s first high level programming language 1957: IBM FORTRAN
• A JPEG is a picture file format – what does JPEG stand for: Joint Photographic Experts
• During World War II, IBM built the computers the Nazis used to manage their
death/concentration camps
• Registers are temporary storage areas within the CPU.
• First apple computer was built in garage.
• The language of small talk is object oriented.
• Shell is an operating environment.
• Virtual memory is also known as virtual page.
• NOS refer to operating systems for a network.
• In EBCDIC each character is denoted by 8 bits.
• Diodes are used in analog computer circuits as limiter.
• Wetware stands for any organic intelligence.
• GIGO stands for garbage in garbage out.
• Application of flip-flap are counters, shift register and transfer register.
• Bootstrap is associated with computer.
• FORTRAN stands for formula translator.
• A group of character that is termed as a single entity is called word.
• Clip art is a computer prepared art.
• Mark sensing is another term for OMR.
• Authorization to make multiple software copies is called site licensing.
• Antivirus is also known as vaccines.
• Free software is also known as public domain software.
• In computer DFD stands for Data Flow Diagram.
• Cyber Space is called to Virtual world of the computer.
• What does the sun in SUN Microsystems stand for Stanford University Network
• What does Intel stand for- Integrated Electronics
• All PCs have a BIOS what does bios stand for-Basic Input Output System
• What is the common name for an integrated circuit A Chip
• In WWW terms what does i.e. mean on a domain name-Ireland
• What company introduced the first commercial minicomputer 65 DEC
• Name the first web browser publicly available NCSA Mosaic
• The world‘s most powerful super computer is called ASCI white.
• World Wide Web was invented in 1993 by Tim Bareness Lee.
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• The B-programming language was developed by Ken Thompson.
• The 1st commercially produced and sold computer (1951) was UNIVAC.
• The transformation from heavy computers to PCs was made possible using
• The first microprocessor was developed in 1971 by Intel.
• A pentium 4 (P-4) employs roughly 40 million transistors.
• Mark-1, Apple-1, and collossus were initial desktop computers.
• Binary digits are briefed as bit.
• A collection of bits is called byte.
• The first home computer (1977), which was sold in millions of units was Apple II.
• ‗PARAM‘ is a supercomputer.
• Father of the Computer.. Charles Babbage
• First artificial satellite was Sputnik-I sent by Soviet Union on October 4, 1957
• What country launched its first space rocket January 1961-Italy
• First human in space is Yuri Gagrin 1961 on USSR • First space scientist was Henry
• First woman in space was Valentine Khurachoof in 14 June, 1963
• Apollo XI enabled man to step on moon
▪ Generators convert mechanical energy into electricity.
Nuclear energy is a cheap source of abundant electricity.
Why is one‘s breath visible in cold but not in hot weather? Because the water vapours
present in breath condenses while breathing incold weather and therefore are visible.
▪ Epiphytes is a plant that grows upon another plant.
▪ Joseph Aspdin is the inventor of cement.
▪ Neurology is the science of nervous system.
▪ Biochemistry is the application of statistics in the study of Biology.
▪ A sheet of muscles called diaphragm separates the chest from the abdomen.
▪ The pattern for building protein molecules is stored in the messenger RNA
▪ Anvil and stirrup are names of bones present in the EAR
▪ The young plant inside a grain of wheat is called the embryo plant
▪ In born behaviour that involve only one part of the body are called REFLEX ACTION
▪ Animals which obtain their food from dead organisms are called Scavengers
▪ Riboflavin is not affected by cooking.
▪ The number of chromosomes in the spermatozoa is twenty-three
▪ The energy possessed by a water fall is kinetic energy.
▪ Rainbows are produced by the reflection of light through raindrops.
▪ Light switches in our homes are connected in parallel series.
▪ Oil bulbs cleaner and is less damaging to the environment than coal as a fuel.
▪ Enzymes are biological catalysts which have multiple function in the body.
▪ The difference between electrical charges at the two ends of a conductor is called Potential
▪ The branch of zoology which deals with the study of insects is called Entomology
▪ Fuels formed from animal and plant matter that lived thousands of years ago are known as
fossil fuels
▪ Cryptograms is a coded message; a text or message that is in code or cipher
▪ Reserve food material is usually stored as starch in plants.Reserve food material is usually
stored as glycogen in liver and muscles of animals.
▪ Purest form of iron is wrought iron
▪ Hypo is a solution of sodium thiosulphate
▪ Aorta is an organ of the circulatory system
▪ Circular aperture which appears as a dark spot in the eye is called pupil
▪ Bacteria are parasites
▪ Ruby is an Oxide of Aluminum
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▪ Visible light energy has the wavelength range of 400 to 700 Nanometer.
▪ The particles with positive charge but having mass equal to that of electron is called
▪ Iron corrodes due to the formation of Iron Oxide.
▪ Transistors do not need a warm up period because they have no Filament.
▪ The type of radiation hat is unaffected by magnetic field is called Alpha.
▪ The Kelven scale of temperature is called the absolute scale.
▪ If we know the mass of an object and the force applied on it, it is possible to calculate
acceleration of the object.
▪ Arteries become hard due to deposition of Fats in them.
▪ What is the source of energy for the human brain? Phosphorous
▪ How many Ergs are these in 1 Joule? 107
▪ The unit of current is Ampere
▪ Who invented typewriter? Sholes
▪ The first attempt in printing was made in England by William Caxton
▪ Who was the surgeon who pioneered antiseptic surgery in 1865? Joseph Lister
▪ Who proposed the chemical evolution of life? Haechel .
▪ Who among the following evolved the concept of relationship between mass and energy?
▪ Who discovered Uranus? Herschel
▪ Which of the following helps in clotting of blood? Vitamin K (Blood do not clotting due to
▪ Total volume of blood in a normal adult human being is 5-6 liters
▪ Which of the following have maximum calorific value? Carbohydrates
▪ Which of the following vitamins promote healthy functioning of eyes in human beings?
Vitamin A
▪ Bronchitis is a disease of which of the following organs? Respiratory tract
▪ Barium is used for X-ray of alimentary canal
▪ Which of the following pairs is incorrect? Poliomyelitis-monkey
▪ Which of the following statements is correct Pulmonary artery carries impure blood
▪ When sound is reflected from floor, ceiling or a wall , it mixes with the original sound and
change its complexion, it is called as Reverberation
▪ The of light in vacuum is about 300 Million kilometers per second
▪ Ice can be changed to water by Changing the motion of the water molecules
▪ The temperature of liquid nitrogen is -196°C
▪ Information can be sent over long distances in the form of Light signals through optical
▪ Computers can Add and subtract information only.
▪ IBM stands for International Business Machines
▪ Chemicals used to kill weeds are called as Herbicides
▪ The cytoplasm consists of several types of structures, which are called Organelles
▪ The structure of DNA was elaborated by Watson and Crick in 1953
▪ In a DNA molecules, the rulefor base pairing is Adenine always bound with thymine and
cytosine with guanine
▪ As per eating habit, squirrels are Frugivorous
▪ Water loss from leaves through stomata is called as Transpiration
▪ Nervous system in human consists of:
Brain, spinal cord and nerves. (central and peripheral)
▪ In human eye, the light sensitive layer made of specializes nerve cells, rods and cones is
called as The retina.
▪ Copper can be converted into gold by Artificial Radioactivity
▪ In winter an iron pipe feel colder than a wooden window . This is because wood is nonConductor
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▪ The echo (reflected sound) will be distinctly heard only at ordinary temperatures if the
distance of the reflecting surfaces from the source of sound is at least 56fft
▪ It is possible to recognize a person in the dark by simply hearing his unique voice . It is
because of the pitch
▪ When a ray of sunlight enters a dark room , its straight path become visible because of
dust particles hanging in the air. It is because light is Visible
▪ A six feet tall lady wants to see her full image in a plane mirror . The minimum length of
the mirror will be 3 feet
▪ The principle used in radar is the same as that of Sonar. In radar we use radio waves ;
whereas in sonar we use Ultrasonic
▪ In a fission nuclear reaction , a heavy nucleus breaks up into smaller nuclei whereas in
another nuclear reaction two or more than two possibly nuclei are fused to form a heavy
nucleus This nuclear reaction is called Fusion nuclear reaction
▪ German silver is an alloy of approximately 60% copper, 20% nickle and 20% zinc
▪ The Continent Antarctica lies at the South pole
▪ The temperature of the dead body is temperature of the place where it is kept
Cusec is a volumetric unit for measuring the flow of liquids, equal to one cubic foot per
▪ Magnifying power of a simple microscope can be increased by increasing focal length of
the lens
▪ A very important practical application of properties of matter is hoeing or “godi” practiced
by the farmers. This property of matter is called Capillarity
▪ It is observed that the total pressure exerted by air on the man of average siz is around
14.7 lb wt. per square inch. But the man feels quite comfortable,. It is becausemof gravity
▪ A nuclear reactor is a device used to carry out controlled nuclear reaction whereas GM
counter is a device used to detect nuclear Radiation
▪ A body can escape the gravitational pull of the earth if it is thrown up with a velocity of 7
miles per sec
▪ Night vision is possible with the help of Infrared Rays
▪ Myopia is a defect of human eye. it can be corrected by using a lens called Concave lens
▪ Walnuts can be broken in the hand by squeezing two together but not one. It is because of
Work done
▪ The planet Mercury completes one rotation around the sun is 88 days
▪ Fossils found in the lowest geological strata are generally most Primitive
▪ Evolution can be described as A continuing process
▪ What is the only source of new alleles? Mutation
▪ Polygenic characteristic are controlled by Multiple genes
▪ Which of the following , lists the four stages of food processing in order?ingestion ,
digestion , absorption , elimination
▪ The energy needed to fuel essential body processes is called recommended daily allowance
▪ Inhaled air passes through which of the following in the last? Bronchiole
▪ Cobalt is a material which is Strongly attracted by a magnet
▪ What is the chance of diabetic baby born to parents both heterozygous normal ?¼
▪ Role of biotechnology in the production of food based on Fermentation
▪ Which form of drug abuse involves most risk of infection with the HIV (AIDS) virus?
Injection of heroine
▪ Chemical name of vinegar is Dilute acetic acid
▪ Defeciency of following vitamin decreases hemoglobin production Thiamine
▪ The most splendid and the most magnificient constellation on the sky is Orion
▪ Diamond is a very expensive ornament. It is composed of a single element Carbon
▪ Television signals are converted into light signals by Photo diode
▪ Where do most of Asteroids lie?
In asteroid belt between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter
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▪ The number of spark plugs needed in a diesel engine is 0
▪ The half life of a radioactive element is 8-days. How long it take to reduce it from 10 mg to
5 mg? 8 days
▪ The term ‗Blue Shift‘ is used to indicate Doppler Effect in which an object appears bluer
when it is moving towards the observer or observer is moving towards the object.
▪ Kilowatt-hour is a unit of Electric Current
▪ Fuel used in a Fast Breeder Reactor is Uranium Plutonium Oxide
▪ Monsoon is caused by Seasonal reversal of winds
▪ Which of the following atmospheric layers help in radio communication? Ionosphere
▪ A moderator is used in nuclear reactor in order to Slow down the speed of the neutrons
▪ Sedimentary rocks are Porous
▪ Quartz crystal in quartz watches work on the principle called Piezo-electric effect
▪ The fruits without seed, like banana, are called parthenocarpic fruits
Solved MCQs of EDS 2013
1. Who proposed the concept ―All motion is relative‖?
a. Albert Einstein
b. John Kepler
c. Galileo Galilie
d. None
2. The field of specialization of famous Muslim scientist Abu Usman Aljahiz was:
a. Botany
b. Zoology
c. Astronomy
d. None
3. Albatros is:
a. A sea bird
b. A beetle
c.A fruit
4. The sunlight can reach a depth of …….. meters in the ocean:
a. 100
b. 80
c. 120
d. None
5. The biggest planet in our solar system is:
a. Venus
b. Pluto
c. Jupiter
d. None
6. The biggest species of the cat family is:
a. Tiger
b. Lion
c. Leopard
d. None
7. Which group of animals has heterogametic females?
a. Domestic fowl
b. Earthworm
c. Rabbit
d. None
8. The dominant phase of life cycle in these organism is haploid:
a. Mosses
b. Bacteria
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c. Protoza
d. None
9. The atmosphere of moon consists of:
a. 90% Hydrogen, 10% Nitrogen
b. 80%Nitrogen, 20% Hydrogen
c. 60% Nitrogen, 40%inert gases
d. None
10. The chemical name of quartz is:
a. Silicon Dioxide
b. Stannous Oxide
c. Aluminium Oxide
d. None
11. Which month of calendar year can lack a new moon?
a. December
b. February
c. May
d. None
12. Deuterium differs from Hydrogen in having:
a. Different atomic number but same atomic weight
b. Different atomic number and different atomic weight
c. Same atomic number and different atomic weight
d. None
13. One of the following is a water soluble vitamin:
a. Vitamin A
b. Vitamin D
c. Vitamin K
d. None (Vitamin B and C)
14. Coulomb is the scientific unit to measure:
a. Velocity
b. Temperature
c. Mass
d. None
15. Equator passes through one of these countries:
a. Saudi Arabia
b. Italy
c. Japan
d. None
16. Anti Diuretic hormone is secreted by one of the following glands:
a. Pituitary
b. Pancreas
c. Thyroid
d. None
17. Basha Dam is to be constructed on:
a. River Sutlaj
b. River Jhelum
c. River Chenab
d. None (On Indus River)
18. UV light falls in the category of:
a. Ionizing Radiations
b. Non Ionizing Radiation
c. Visible light
d. None
19. The earth‘s ……………….is divided into 15 major plates of various sizes:
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a. Mesosphere
b. Stratosphere
c. Lithosphere
d. None
20. One of these scientists formulated basic laws of Geometry:
a. Pythagorus
b. Archimedes
c. Aristotle
d. None
21. Phosphorus is an essential component of one of the following biological molecules:
a. Amino acids
b. Nucleic acids
c. Carbohydrates
d. None
22. He was the first scientist to prove that plants move around the sun:
a. Archimedes
b. Galileo Galilei
c. John Kepler
d. None
23. Atom is made up of ………..different kinds of subatomic particles:
a. Three
b. Two
c. Four
d. None
24. Uranium is best used as nuclear fuel in one of the following forms:
a. U 235
b. U 237
c. U 238
d. None
25. The alpha particles are compact clusters of:
a. Electron and Proton
b. Two Protons and two Neutrons
c.Three protons and three Neutrons
26. The Beta particles are fast moving
a. Protons
b. Electrons
c. Neutrons
d. None
27. One of the following countries produces maximum energy from atomic reactors:
a. France (80% from its Nuclear Reactors)
b. USA
c. UK
d. none
28. The unit to measure the quantity of Ozone in atmosphere is
a. Dobson
b. Dalton
c. Cuolomb
d. none
29. The severity of 2005 earthquake in Pakistan on Richter scale was
a. 6.9
b. 7.6
c. 7.1
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d. none
30. Geiger-Muller counter is used to detect:
a. Protons
b. Neutrons
c. Photons
d. none
31. Vacuum tubes have been replaced by:
a. Conductors
b. Diodes
c. Transistors
32. Dacron is
a. Polyethylene
b. Epoxy
c. Polyamide
d. none
33. It is a secondary plant nutrient:
a. Nitrogen
b. Phosphorus
c. Sulphur
d. none
34. An area of microbiology that is concerned with the occurence of disease in human
population is
a. Immunology
b. Paracitology
c. Epidemiology
d. none
35. The number of electrons of a neutral atom is automatically known if one knows the:
a. Atomic number
b. Atomic weight
c. Number of orbitals
d. none
36. Which of the following is not an enzyme?
a. Chemotrypsin
b. Secretin
c. Pepsin
d. none
37. It is impossible for a type of O+ baby to have a type of …………..mother:
a. ABb. Oc. O+
d. none
38. Serum if blood plasma minus its:
a. Calcium ions
b. Clotting proteins
c. Globulins
d. none
39. The autonomic nervous system innervates all of these except:
a. Cardiac muscles
b. Skeletal muscles
c. Smooth muscles
d. none
40. The damage to the …………..nerve could result in the defect of the eye movement:
a. Optic
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b. Trigeminal
c. Abducens
d. none
41. Which of these is not a region of the spinal cord?
a. Thoracic
b. Pelvic
c. Lumbar
d. none
42. The shape of the external ear is due to:
a. Elastic cartilage
b. Fibrocartilage
c. Articular cartilage
d. none
43. The external surface of the stomach is covered by
a. Mucosa
b. Serosa
c. Parietal peritoneum
d. none
44. Which of the following is not a human organ system?
a. Integumentary
b. Muscular
c. Epithelical
d. none
45. Which of the following does not vary predictably with the depth of the aquatic
a. Salinity
b. Temperature
c. Penetration by sunlight
d. none
46. The quantity of available nutrients ………….from the lower levels of the energy
pyramids to the higher ones.
a. Increases
b. decreases
c. remains stable
d. none
47. Which of the following is not a major sub division of the biosphere?
a. Hydrosphere
b. Stratosphere
c. Lithosphere
d. none
48. Vaccination is synonomyous with …………..immunity.
a. Natural active
b. Artificial passive
c. Artificial active
d. none
49. When a patient’s immune system becomes reactive to a drug, this is an example of:
a. Super infection
b. Drug resistance
c. Allergy
d. none
50. What is the smallest unit of heredity?
a. Chromosomes

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